The Campaigns of Alexander. 331 – 323 B.C.E. How did Alexander ‘win the peace’ in Babylon? How did he win the allegiance of Mazaeus and the Babylonians? ( McCarty 2004: 86/87). How did Alexander ‘win the peace in babylon ? How did he win the allegiance of mazaeus and the babylonians ?.
331 – 323 B.C.E.
By Gerard Lennox
Because the Persians had destroyed the temples and Alexander offered to rebuild them, the Babylonians
Babylonians Gave Alexander their treasure
As McCarty 2004 States: “they could rightly claim Alexander as their saviour.”
By Bareham and Waaka
Darius had been taken prisoner by Bessus, and was being kept alive so he could be used as a bargaining tool, if needed.
Alexander, thinking that there was something divine in the warning, returned and went on drinking; and thus the enterprise of the Pages fell through (Arrian, The Anabasis of Alexander, 231).
☭Cleitus was a rough, tough soldier.
☭served under Alexander and his father before him.
☭Cleitus was enraged at Alexanders change of commands. Given second-rate soldiers to fight nomads.
☭ends up getting Killed in a drunken Rage by the king.
☭ Alexander repents and tries to bring the spear he used to kill his friend with to his neck but is stopped and carried away.
Alexander knew that a direct crossing had little chances of success and thus tried to find alternative fords. He moved his mounted troops up and down the river bank each night, Porus shadowing him. Arian describes Alexander using a “suitable crossing, about 27 km upstream of his camp”.
The Indians tried to form a double formation, but the necessary manoeuvres were complicated and brought even more confusion into their ranks making it easier for the Macedonian horse to conquer them. The remaining Indian cavalry fled among the elephants for protection, but the elephants were already out of control and soon retreated, exhausted from the field, leaving the rest of Porus's army circled by the Macedonian army.
Alexander’s men wanted to go home
They didn’t want to follow him to the Ganges
“Conferences were held throughout the camp, in which those who were the most moderate bewailed their lot, while others resolutely declared that they would not follow Alexander any farther, even if he should lead the way.” (Arrian pg. 307)
His officer’s advised him to turn back
Omens were not in favour of continuing and so he told he told the people that the God’s were against going on