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Welcome! Please click on the staircase below to enter our museum. Welcome to the Renaissance of Gifted Education. Museum Entrance. National Defense Education Act. 1950s – 1960s Hall of Fame. Sputnik. Torrance Hall. The National Defense Education Act 1958. Skeletal System. Statement by

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museum entrance

Welcome to the Renaissance of Gifted Education

Museum Entrance

National Defense Education Act

1950s – 1960s Hall of Fame

Sputnik

Torrance Hall

skeletal system

The National Defense Education Act 1958

Skeletal System

Statement by

the President

Origin

and

History

Disease,

Goals for the Act

NDEA

Titles I - X

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ndea origin and history
NDEA Origin and History

The National Defense Education Act (NDEA) is a United States Act of Congress, passed in 1958 providing aid to education in the United States at all levels, both public and private.

The NDEA was instituted primarily to stimulate the advancement of education in science, mathematics, and modern foreign languages; but it has also provided aid in other areas, including vocational education, area studies, geography, English as a second language, counseling and guidance, school libraries and librarianship, and educational media centers.

One of its purposes was to keep the United States ahead of the Soviet Union during the space race through education. The Act provides institutions of higher education with 90% of capital funds for low-interest loans to students. NDEA also gives federal support for improvement and change in elementary and secondary education. The Act contains statutory prohibitions of federal direction, supervision, or control over the curriculum, program of instruction, administration, or personnel of any educational institution.

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statement by the president upon signing
Statement by the President Upon Signing

I HAVE TODAY signed into law H. R. 13247, the National Defense Education Act.This Act, which is an emergency undertaking to be terminated after four years, will in that time do much to strengthen our American system of education so that it can meet the broad and increasing demands imposed upon it by considerations of basic national security.

While the Congress did not see fit to provide a limited number of National Defense scholarships which I recommended as an incentive to our most promising youth, I consider this Act to be a sound and constructive piece of legislation.

Much remains to be done to bring American education to levels consistent with the needs of our society. The federal government having done its share, the people of the country, working through their local and State governments and through private agencies, must now redouble their efforts toward this end.

September 2, 1958

-Dwight D. Eisenhower

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goals
Goals
  • To strengthen national defense and encourage expansion of educational programs to meet critical needs
  • Ensured no student of ability be denied an opportunity for higher educational because of financial aid
  • Will correct imbalances which have led to insufficient proportions of population in science, mathematics, and foreign language
  • Modern techniques will be developed from complex scientific principals

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E. Paul Torrance

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Professor Torrance, my name is Ryan Neumann and I just wanted to say it has been an honor learning about such a pioneer in the research, identification, and development of creative potential

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E. Paul Torrance is working on an updated version of his 40-year longitudinal study of creativity

July 19, 2011

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Bonnie Cramondgot an email from this high school teacher in Cobb County asking if I would have time to sit down and talk about the Torrance Center sometime.

I told him, “Absolutely, I'll be glad to talk to you about Dr. Torrance—anything you need to know”…just thought you’d like to know  hope you’re doing well!

July 14, 2011

Information

Networks:

UGA. University of Michigan,

University of Minnesota,

Mercer University

Birthday:

October 8, 1915

Interests:

Thinking Originally

Hometown:

Milledgeville, GA

E. Paul Torrance is working on an updated version of his 40-year longitudinal study of creativity

E. Paul Torrance don’t be afraid to fall in love with something and pursue it with intensity

July 14, 2011

E. Paul Torrance has a question…how would you make Angry Birds a better game?...don’t forget people, I’m looking for verbal and figural suggestions here.

July 13, 2011

Friends

E. Paul Torrance is convinced that children and adults have a better chance in life if their best abilities are both identified and encouraged.

July 11, 2011

Bonnie

Pansy

Joe

Ben

JP

Henry

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E. Paul Torrance

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Basic Information

Networks: UGA, University of Michigan,

University of Minnesota,

Mercer University

Sex: Male

Birthday:October 8, 1915

Hometown:Milledgeville, Georgia

Relationship Status: Married to Patsy Torrance

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Personal Information

Activities:Developing the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking, creating the Future Problem Solving Program, and creating the Incubation Model of Teaching .

Favorite Place The Torrance Center for Creativity and Talent Development because it is center that is concerned with the identification and development of creative potential and with gifted and future studies.

Favorite Nickname: Father of Creativity

Favorite Movies:Manifesto for Children (a focus on the longitudinal study of 215 young adults who attended elementary school in Minnesota from 1958 to 1964)

Favorite Test:My own (but I’m kind of biased) Torrance Test for its measurement of creativity through prompting students to embellish sets of supplied shapes.

Favorite Self-Authored

Books:Guiding Creative Talent, Rewarding Creative Behavior, The Search for Satori and Creativity, The Incubation Model of Teaching, Mentor Relationships and Why Fly?, and a work of fiction by Neumann titled What Had Happened

Information

Networks:

UGA, University of Michigan,

University of Minnesota,

Mercer University

Birthday:

October 8, 1915

Interests:

Thinking Originally

Hometown:

Milledgeville, GA

E. Paul Torrance is working on an updated version of his 40-year longitudinal study of creativity

Photos

2 Albums

Training on the Torrance Test

Updated 53 years ago

Contact Information

Airf Force Survival School

Updated 60 years ago

Address: G-3 Aderhold Hall, Athens, GA, 30602

Phone Number: (706) 542-6446

skeletal system2

Sputnik

Skeletal System

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sputnik october 4 1957
Sputnik – October 4, 1957
  • The U.S. Department of Education had just released a report indicating that after 10 years a Soviet student is more advanced than an American student after 12 years of education. The report went further to recommend that university researchers should be involved in developing school criteria. This report was punctuated with the sound of Soviet technology overhead. For the first time, a man made satellite orbited the earth. This innocuous looking sphere sent shockwaves through the United States as people listened to its relentless beeping from over 500 miles above. The realization that next the Soviet Union could launch atomic weapons was in the forefront of the American mind.
  • For the first time the United States found itself behind the Soviet Union in technology. This cause what could be described as the renaissance of gifted education.

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convergence of events
Convergence of Events
  • The convergence of two events sparked a renewed emphasis on science, technology, and gifted education. With the cold war creating a national moral imperative, the country responded with changes in education and legislation. As President Obama said during a State of the Union speech, “ But after investing in better research and education we didn’t surpass the Soviets; we unleashed a wave of innovation that created new industries and millions of new jobs”. Agencies such as NASA and DARPA were created as a result. These agencies were responsible for many advances in daily life as well as their intended purposes.

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government to the rescue
Government to the rescue

With a renewed emphasis on education, the federal government began infusing local educational systems with money. Many Americans feared that this would lead to federal control of local schools. Educators, on the other hand, saw the opportunity for more money. This led to the 1958 Defense Education Act.

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skeletal system3

50s – 60s Hall of Fame

Skeletal System

Guilford

Bloom

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J.P. Guilford

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JP Guilford Psychology should be the chief basic science upon which the practices of education depend. It should have supplied education with the information it needs concerning the processes of understanding, learning, and thinking, among other things. One of the difficulties has been that such theory as has been developed has been based primarily upon studies of behavior of rats and pigeons. As someone has said, some of the theory thus developed has been an insult even to the rat.

J.P. GUILFORD, The Nature of Human Intelligence

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JP Guilford1955 – Just blew away the audience at the American Psychologist Association Convention when I suggested that IQ tests were not the only means of measuring intelligence.

Networks:

University of Nebraska

Creative Education Foundation

Birthday:

March 7th

Political:

Religion:

Hometown:

Marquette, Nebraska

J.P. Guilford is sure that the measurement of intelligence goes beyond an IQ score.

JP GuilfordJust introduced my “Structure of Intellect” theory where I believe there are more than 120 different kinds of intelligences spread across three categories: content, operations and products.

JP Guilford Check out my new book The Nature of Human Intelligence

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Mary Meeker wants to thank J.P. Guilford for his work. Your work inspired me to create the Structure of Intellect Learning Abilities Test (SOI-LAT).

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J.P. Guilford

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Networks: The Gifted Education Community

Sex: Male

Birthday: March 7th

Hometown: Marquette, Nebraska

Relationship Status:

Education: University of Nebraska, B.A., M.A.

Cornell University, Ph.D. (1924-1927)

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Activities: Studying Human Intelligence

Interests: Theory of the structure of Intellect

Favorite Music:

Favorite Movies:

Favorite Books:The Nature of Human Intelligence

Information

Networks:

University of Nebraska

Birthday:

March 7, 1897

Political:

Religion:

Hometown:

Marquette, Nebraska

J.P. Guilford is sure is sure that the measurement of intelligence goes beyond an IQ score.

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Address: University of Nebraska

The Model

Updated last Tuesday

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Profile Picture

Updated two months ago

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John F. Kennedy

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J.P. Guilford is sure is sure that the measurement of intelligence goes beyond an IQ score.

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notable publications

Career

Structure of Intellect

  • Teacher Grades 1 through 8 outside Phillips, Nebraska (1915-1916)
  • Teacher Grades 5 through 8 Phillips, Nebraska (1916-1917)
  • U. S. Army Private (1918-1919)
  • Teacher Grades 7 and 8 Hooper, Nebraska (Spring 1919)
  • Acting Superintendent of Schools (Summer 1919)
  • Interim Director for University of Nebraska Psychological Clinic (1919-1921)
  • Instructor at University of Illinois (1926-1927)
  • Assistant Professor at University of Kansas (1927-1928)
  • Associate Professor at University of Nebraska (1928-1932)
  • Professor at University of Nebraska (1932-1940)
  • Director of the Bureau of Instructional Research (1938-1940)
  • Teacher at the University of Southern California (Summer 1938, 1939)
  • Professor at University of South California (1940-1967)
  • Director of Psychological Research #3 Santa Ana Army Air Base (1942-1946)
  • President or member of numerous organizations and societies
  • Editorial board member for scholarly journals such as the American Journal of Psychology and Psychological Review
Notable Publications
  • Contents
  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Symbolic
  • Semantic
  • Behavioral
  • Products
  • Units
  • Classes
  • Relations
  • Systems
  • Transformation
  • Implications
  • Operations
  • Evaluation
  • Convergent Production
  • Divergent Production
  • Memory
  • Cognition

Notable Publications

  • Psychometric Methods (1936)
  • Fundamental Statistics in Psychology and Education (1942)
  • Printed Classification Tests (1947)
  • General Psychology (1939)
  • Fields of Psychology (1940)
  • Personality (1959)
  • Prediction of Categories from Measurements (1949)

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Benjamin Bloom

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RH Dave to Benjamin Bloom You’ve inspired me, Prof! I’m studying differences in sibling achievement in the same household… so interesting.

1963

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Broder to Benjamin Bloom Ben, I am enjoying working with you and the college students! It’s good to know what they are thinking; after all, it’s their education, right?

1958

Information

Networks:

University of Chicago

Birthday:

February 21, 1913

Political:

???

Religion:

???

Hometown:

Lansford, PA

Benjamin Bloom is unveiling Taxonomy of educational objectives: Handbook I, the cognitive domain today!!!

1956

Benjamin Bloom is sure education is not a race. Wish everyone thought this, too!

Benjamin Bloom I believe learning should be geared toward process and will enable all young people to be successful.

1955

Friends

Elliot Eisner to Benjamin Bloom Great class today, Professor! You really are “in love with the process of finding out…” how people learn.

1954

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Ralph W. Tyler to Benjamin Bloom Ben! Keep up the good work! We miss you here in the Board of Examiners office… at least you’re still on campus!

1940

Eisner

Broder

Tyler

RH Dave

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Networks: University of Chicago

Sex: Male

Birthday: February 21, 1913

Hometown: Lansford, PA

Relationship Status: Married to My Work

Political Views: ???

Religious Views: ???

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Activities: Board of Examiners staff (Univ. of Chicago), Educational Advisor to gov’ts of Israel, India, & others, created International Assoc. for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement,

Interests: Educational environment, differences among students, what students experience/think about during teaching

Favorite Quote: “Goal attainment rather than student comparison [is] what [is] important.” –Elliot Eisner (student of Bloom’s)

Favorite Mentor: Ralph W. Tyler (Board of Examiner’s office)

Favorite Theory “Cognitive taxonomy is predicated on the idea that cognitive operations can be ordered into six increasingly complex levels.”

Favorite Books:Taxonomy of educational objectives: Handbook I, the cognitive domain

Information

Networks:

University of Chicago

Birthday:

February 21, 1913

Political:

???

Religion:

???

Hometown:

Lansford, PA

Benjamin Bloom is sure education is not a race. Wish everyone thought this, too!

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2 Albums

Contact Information

Revised Taxonomy

Updated last Tuesday

Address: University of Chicago

Phone Number: (555) 555-5555

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Taxonomy

Updated 7 years ago

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Benjamin Bloom is sure education is not a race. Wish everyone thought this, too!

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my published works
My Published Works
  • 1948. Teaching by discussion. Chicago, IL, College of the University of Chicago. (With J. Axelrod et al.)
  • 1956a. Methods in personality assessment. Glencoe, IL, Free Press. (With G.G. Stern and M.I. Stein.)
  • 1956b. Taxonomy of educational objectives: Handbook I, The cognitive domain. New York, David McKay &Co. (With D. Krathwohl et al.)
  • 1958a. Evaluation in secondary schools. New Delhi, All India Council for Secondary Education,
  • 1958b. Problem-solving processes of college students. Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press.
  • 1961a. Evaluation in higher education. New Delhi, University Grants Commission.
  • 1961b. Use of academic prediction scales for counseling and selecting college entrants. Glencoe, IL, Free Press.(With F. Peters).
  • 1964a. Stability and change in human characteristics. New York, John Wiley & Sons.
  • 1964b. Taxonomy of educational obectives: Volume II, The affective domain. New York, David McKay & Co.(With B. Masia and D. Krathwohl.)
  • 1965. Compensatory education for cultural deprivation. New York, Holt, Rinehart & Winston. (With A. Davisand R. Hess.)
  • 1966. International study of achievement in mathematics: a comparison of twelve countries. Vols I & II. New York, John Wiley & Sons. (T. Husén, Editor; B. Bloom, Associate Editor.)
  • 1971. Handbook on formative and summative evaluation of student learning. New York, McGraw-Hill. (WithJ.T. Hastings, G.F. Madaus and others.)
  • 1976. Human characteristics and school learning. New York, McGraw-Hill.
  • 1980. The state of research on selected alterable variables in education. Chicago, IL, University of Chicago,MESA Publication. (With MESA Student Group.)
  • 1980. All our children learning: a primer for parents, teachers, and other educators. New York, McGraw-Hill.
  • 1981. Evaluation to improve learning. New York, McGraw-Hill. (With G.F. Madaus and J.T. Hastings.)
  • 1985. Developing talent in young people. New York, Ballantine. (With L.A. Sosniak et al.)
  • 1993. The home environment and social learning. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass. (With T. Kellaghan, K. Sloane,and B. Alvarez.)

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