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Global estimates of HIV and AIDS as of end 2003. Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1 300 000 860 000 – 1 900 000. Western Europe 580 000 460 000 - 730 000. North America 1 000 000 520 000 – 1 600 000. East Asia 900 000 450 000 – 1 500 000. Caribbean 430 000 270 000 - 760 000.

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global estimates of hiv and aids as of end 2003
Global estimates of HIV and AIDS as of end 2003

Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1 300 000

860 000 – 1 900 000

Western Europe

580 000

460 000 - 730 000

North America

1 000 000

520 000 – 1 600 000

East Asia 900 000

450 000 – 1 500 000

Caribbean

430 000

270 000 - 760 000

North Africa + Middle East 480 000

2000 000 -1 400 000

South & South-East Asia

6 500 000

4 100 000 – 9 600 000

Sub-Saharan Africa

25 million

23.1 – 27.9 million

Oceania

32 000

21 000 – 46 000

Latin America

1 600 000

1 200 000 – 2 100 000

TOTAL: 38 Million

35-42 Million

Source: UNAIDS/WHO, 2004

national study on hiv in the hospitality sector 2002 3
National Study on HIV in the Hospitality Sector 2002/3
  • 5 000 surveys
    • employees KAPB surveys
    • employer impact assessment
  • covers entirehospitality industry in SA
  • organisations randomly selected
  • NO HIV testing
study has resulted in
Study has resulted in….
  • Sector impact assessment
  • Understanding of current HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices & behaviour amongst hospitality employees
  • Management toolkit to manage HIV/AIDS at an organisational level
some key findings from the study
Some key findings from the Study….
  • Training:92% of organisations DO NOT provide training in respect of HIV/AIDS.
  • Condom distribution:91% DO NOT provide condoms in the workplace.
  • VCT:95% have not availed voluntary counselling and testing services to employees.
  • HIV Care Services:98,5% DO NOT provide care services for HIV affected employees.
some key findings from the study1
Some key findings from the Study….

HIV/AIDS Management:

  • In 75% of the respondent organisations nobody is responsible for managing HIV/AIDS in the Workplace.
  • The managing director is responsible in only 2% of the respondent companies.

HIV/AIDS policy:

  • 93% of organisations DO NOT have a company HIV/AIDS policy.
some key findings from the study2
Some key findings from the Study….

Perceived impact of HIV/AIDS:

  • 64% of respondent companies believe that HIV/AIDS will negatively impact on their business operations – however 36%, believe that the epidemic will not impact on their business.
    • 18% believe that the impact will be Extreme;
    • 38% believe the impact will be Moderate; and
    • 44% believe that the impact will only be slight.
kapb survey results general findings perceptions1
KAPB Survey Results - General Findings: Perceptions

I think that...

100

82

77

75

71

80

67

62

57

60

43

38

33

40

29

25

23

18

20

0

Yes

No

Employers should do more to protect staff from infection

Staff need more education on HIV/AIDS

If someone is HIV+ they are free to seek assistance from mngt

My supervisor is well acquainted with the laws relating to HIV in the workplace

Workers such as chefs should not be allowed to work if they are HIV+

Condoms are available to staff at work

Infected employees are treated badly at my workplace

concerns for the hospitality industry
Concerns for the Hospitality Industry
  • Workforce perspective
    • labour intensive
    • high training costs
    • mobile workforce
    • young & single employees
    • high number of semi-skilled employees
  • Customer perspective
    • ignorant about HIV/AIDS – unknown risks
    • perceived safety risks
concerns for the hospitality industry1
Concerns for the Hospitality Industry
  • Other than the standard information relating to HIV/AIDS do your employees know about:
    • HIV and sharing cutlery and crockery?
    • HIV and sharing toilets?
    • Eating food prepared by an HIV+ person?
    • Eating food prepared by someone with a cut?
    • Being served by an HIV+ person?
    • Handling linen stained with body fluids?
    • Emptying dustbins / sanitary bins?
    • The use of protective clothing and gloves?
    • Guests being suspicious of staff or vice versa?
    • What to do if a colleague or guest being wounded?
  • Would your employees know how to answer a guest/patron asking specific questions on HIV?
about the handbook
About the Handbook
  • Easy to use guide with practical tools
  • Information and tools for everyone to use
    • Anyone/ everyone in the organisation
    • Companies of all sizes
    • Specifically designed for the hospitality and tourism sectors but is adaptable to any sector
  • No need to reinvent the wheel – all the information you need is in one place
what s in the handbook
What’s in the Handbook?

The Handbook is broken down into Tools for:

  • Managing your HIV/AIDS strategy
  • Preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Treatment, caring and supporting people affected by HIV/AIDS
  • Monitoring and Evaluating your HIV/AIDS programmes
  • Communicating HIV/AIDS issues with your guests
  • HIV/AIDS community outreach programmes
tools for managing your hiv aids strategy
Tools for Managing your HIV/AIDS Strategy
  • Writing your HIV/AIDS strategy
  • Getting buy-in
  • Appointing an HIV/AIDS manager/ task team
  • Information about HIV/AIDS and the law
  • Developing your HIV/AIDS policy
how to use the strategy table

Strategy

Implement? (tick if yes)

Specific actions

Responsible person

Timeframe

Budget

Tools for the overall management of HIV/AIDS in your business

Writing your HIV/AIDS strategy

Ensuring leadership / management buy-in

Appointing an HIV/AIDS manager and organising a task team

Ensuring compliance with the law

Developing and implementing an HIV/AIDS workplace policy

How to use the Strategy table
tools for preventing the spread of hiv aids
Tools for Preventing the Spread of HIV/AIDS
  • HIV/AIDS education and training
  • Peer education
  • Condom distribution
  • VCT
  • Safe first aid
  • STI Treatment Services
tools for hiv aids treatment care and support
Tools for HIV/AIDS treatment, care and support
  • Reviewing medical aid benefits
  • Helping employees access public health services
  • Counselling
  • Lifestyle and nutrition counselling
  • Healthcare services
  • Treatment of opportunistic infections
  • Anti-retroviral therapy
  • Terminal care
  • Incapacity management
other tools
Other tools
  • Monitoring and evaluation tools
    • Needs assessment, impact assessment, prevalence surveys, KAP survey, monitoring and reporting, KPIs
  • Educating your guests/ patrons – what to tell them
  • How to extend your initiatives to your community
  • Comprehensive Resource list
way forward
Way forward
  • Read the handbook/ sections that are important to you
  • Put the handbook on your intranet
  • Complete the strategy table for your organisation
  • USE THE TOOLS AND IMPLEMENT