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Caligula PowerPoint Presentation

Caligula

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Caligula

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Caligula Murder Was the Case . . . From Hero to Zero in Four Short Years

  2. What We Know About His Reign • Tacitus’ account of Caligula’s rule is missing • Historian Suetonius has an account • Writers agree that his downfall was caused by insanity

  3. Early Years • Born on 31st of August in AD 12 • Nicknamed Caligula = “little boot” • Soldier’s footware = caliga • Spent time on military campaigns • Soldiers are calmed by the sight of him after Augustus dies

  4. Family Ties • Nephew of Tiberius • His father was Germanicus (Augustus’ adopted grandson) • Mother was Agrippina (Augustus’ granddaughter) • His father died on 10 Oct AD 9

  5. Ascent to Power • Joined Tiberius on Capri in AD 31 • Tiberius dies in AD 37 • Gaius becomes emperor

  6. Recalls those exiled from Rome Dismissal of criminal charges Cash bonus to Praetorian Guard (1st time) Reimbursed those overcharged by tax system Drove perverts from the city Honored Tiberius’ will Fantastic spectacles for entertainment People were happy . . . At first Kind and Generous

  7. Madness Follows • Caligula begins to behave as though he is insane • Demands divine honors for himself and Druscilla • Roman troops ordered to collect sea-shells • Wants a statue of himself in the temple at Jerusalem

  8. More Madness • Treats Druscilla as if she is his wife • Made senators run for miles alongside his chariot • Spent 27 million gold pieces

  9. Planned to make his horse a consul

  10. Assassination • Praetorian Guard decides to kill Caligula • 24 January AD 41 he is killed • Claudius becomes the emperor

  11. Conclusion • The fact that Caligula was murdered underscores the fact that this was a full-blown monarchy • Giving up your power = death