Beijing, China No Longer the Forbidden City
Beijing Click tovisit Beijing.
BeijingHistory • Originally built by Kublai Khan 1260 - 1290 • Original name was Camubluc • As Beijing (Chinese for northern capital), was the capital from 1421-1911 • Captured by Great Britain and France • Boxer Rebellion in 1900 – aided by Americans, Japanese, and Europeans
BeijingHistory • Several civil wars between 1911 and 1927 • In 1928 name changed to Beiping, meaning northern peace • Occupied by Japan in 1937 and returned to sovereignty in 1946 after WWII • In 1948 became part of the Communist People’s Republic of China • Name restored to Beijing in 1948
BeijingHistory • Click here to learn about Chinese history and government
BeijingGeography and Climate • Flat land except for hills to the north, northwest and west of Beijing • Mountains to the west known as Xishan • Close to plains and the sea • One of a few major cities in China that doesn’t border a river • Climate is harsh – hot, humid summers and cold, windy, dry winters
BeijingEconomy and Industry • Great industrial area • Textile mills • Railroad repair shops • Machine shops • Chemical plants • Factories producing heavy machinery, electronics, locomotives, plastics, synthetic fibers • Large petrochemical industry • Industry has created serious pollution problems
BeijingEconomy and Industry • Major agricultural crops are tea and rice • Tourism growing due to • Chinese people’s love of travel and history • Relaxed restrictions on foreign travel • Click to learn more about Beijing’s industries
BeijingPoints of Interest • Forbidden City • Former emperors’ residence • Over 800 buildings • Visit the Forbidden City
BeijingPoints of Interest • Tiananmen Square • Monument to the heroes of the revolution • Great Hall of the People • The Summer Palace • Built for Qing Dynasty’s dowager empress Cixi • Gardens have existed for over 800 years • Hutongs • Oldest neighborhoods in Beijing – some built in Yuan Dynasty (1115-1234) • Small lanes forming mazes of small apartments built around a central courtyard • Siheyuan built along east-west or north-south axes according the rules of feng shui
BeijingPoints of Interest • The Great Wall of China • Built 2000 years ago during the Qin Dynasty • Created to protect China from the invading Huns to the North
BeijingPoints of Interest • One of the largest construction projects ever completed –over 5,000 km long • Can be seen from space • Visit the Great Wall of China
Beijing Quiz • What did you learn? Take this quiz and click to the next slide for the correct answers. • 1. What is the capital of China? • 2. Where did the emperors of China live? • 3. What world famous fortification is north of Beijing? • 4. Who built the original city? • 5. Name four major industries of Beijing. • 6. What problem has the growth of industry created? • 7. Why has tourism increased in the last few years? • 8. What are the two main agricultural products of Beijing and China/ • 9. Why was the Great Wall of China Built? • 10. What form of government exists in China?
Beijing Quiz • Quiz Answers • 1. Beijing • 2. The Forbidden City • 3. The Great Wall of China • 4. Kublai Khan • 5. Textile mills, railroad repair shops, machine shops, chemical plants, factories producing heavy machinery, electronics, locomotives, plastics, and synthetic fibers, large petrochemical factories, tea and rice crops, and tourism • 6. Beijing has serious pollution problems • 7. The Chinese love to travel and have more money to do this now, and travel restrictions for foreign tourists have been relaxed. • 8. rice and tea • 9. to protect the Chinese from the invading Huns from the North • 10. China has a communist government.
References • Beijing 2008 Olympics http://en.beijing2008.cn/ • Beijing Globe http://www.beijingglobe.com/ • Chinatown Online http://www.chinatownonline.co.uk/pages/culture/music.html • People’s Daily Online http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/ • Postcards from China http://www.newton.mec.edu/Angier/DimSum/Postcards%20Lesson.html • The China Guide: Virtual Guide of Beijing http://www.thebeijingguide.com/ • United Streaming http://www.unitedstreaming.com • Virtual Tour of the Great Wall of China http://www.chinavista.com/travel/greatwall/greatwall.html