Drill: Draw & name 5 isomers of C 5 H 8 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Drill: Draw & name 5 isomers of C 5 H 8

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  1. Drill: Draw & name 5 isomers of C5H8

  2. Review Drill & Test

  3. Functional Groups

  4. Draw & Name Isomers of:C4H6

  5. Functional Groups • Chemically active part of an organic compound

  6. Functional Groups • Anything other than singularly bonded carbon & hydrogen in an organic compound

  7. Functional Groups • The name of any organic compound ends with the suffix for the most important functional group

  8. Terminology • R- represents the part of the organic compound you are not referring to

  9. Terminology • R-OH • -OH is the functional group • R- anything else

  10. Alkene • C=C

  11. Alkyne • C=C

  12. Halides • R-X • X = F, Cl, Br, or I • haloalkane • alkylhalide

  13. Halides • Cl • 2-chlorobutane • 2-butylchloride

  14. Ethers • R1-O-R2 • alkylalkylether • alkoxyalkane

  15. Ethers • CH3CH2-O-CH3 • Methylethylether • methoxyethane

  16. Hydroxyl Group C OH

  17. Alcohols • R-OH • hydroxyalkane • alkanol

  18. Alcohols • CH3-CH2-OH • hydroxyethane • ethanol

  19. Carbonyl Group C=O

  20. Ketones • O • R-C-R • Oxy or ketoalkane • alkanone

  21. Ketones • O • 3-pentanone • 3-oxypentane

  22. Aldehyde • O • R-C-H • alkanal • alkanaldehyde

  23. Aldehydes • O • hexanal • hexanaldehyde H

  24. Name the following: OH Cl CH CH H3C CH2 CH3

  25. Name the following: OH Cl CH CH H3C CH2 CH3

  26. 4-chloro-2-pentanol OH Cl CH CH H3C CH2 CH3

  27. Drill: Name the following: OH O

  28. Carboxyl Group C=O HO

  29. Carboxylic Acid • O • R-C-OH • Alkanoic Acid

  30. Carboxylic Acid • O • CH3-CH2-C-OH • Propanoic Acid

  31. Drill: Draw & name 5 isomers of: OH OH

  32. Functional Isomers: • Isomers with different functional groups: • The suffix changes

  33. O PropanonePropanaldehyde O H

  34. Positional Isomers: • Isomer’s functional group in a new location • The # before the main chain name changes

  35. OH 2-propanol1-propanol OH

  36. Name the following: • CH3-CH2-CH2-OH • CH3-CH2-O- CH2-CH3 • O • CH3-CH2-C-CH2-CH3

  37. Name the following: O O C C H3C CH OH OH

  38. Name the following: O O C C H3C CH OH OH

  39. 2-hydroxy-3-ketobutanoic acid O O C C H3C CH OH OH

  40. Name the following: • O • CH3-CH2-CH2-C-OH • O • CH3-CH2-C-H

  41. Carboxyl Derivatives C=O O

  42. Esters • O • R1-C-O-R2 • Alkylalkanoate

  43. Esters O CH3-CH2-CH2-C-O-CH3 methylbutanoate

  44. Anhydrides • O O • R1-C-O-C-R2 • Alkanoicalkanoic anhydride

  45. O O O Butanoicpropanoic anhydride

  46. Draw the following: • 2-hydroxypentanal • Methylpropylether • Trichloroethanoic acid • Ethylbutanoate • Aceticformic anhydride

  47. Drill: Draw & Name 5 isomers of: C3H6O2

  48. Name, then & Draw & name a Functional Isomer of: C OH O C C C OH C C C

  49. C OH O C C C OH C C C

  50. 3-hydroxy-5-methylhexanoic acid C OH O C C C OH C C C