chapter 2 n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
`Chapter 2

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

`Chapter 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

`Chapter 2 . When Worlds Collide. The Expansion of Europe. The New Merchant Class/ New Monarchie The Renaissance Portuguese Explorations Columbus Reaches the Americas The Spanish New World Empire. The Expansion of Europe.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '`Chapter 2' - harris

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 2
`Chapter 2

When Worlds Collide

the expansion of europe
The Expansion of Europe
  • The New Merchant Class/ New Monarchie
  • The Renaissance
  • Portuguese Explorations
  • Columbus Reaches the Americas
  • The Spanish New World Empire
the expansion of europe1
The Expansion of Europe
  • European monarchs supported merchants & in return gave out royal contracts
  • & trading monopolies. This relationship supported overseas expansion and trade.
  • 14th/15th Centuries- Commerce greatly expanded, especially in cereals, timber, minerals, salt, fish, wool.
  • It led to the growth of new markets and towns.
the renaissance1
The renaissance
  • Merchants outfitted the Crusaders, helped finance religious war in Palestine and introduced Europe to new spices and technical innovations. Ex: spices such as cloves, pepper, nutmeg and cinnamon, compass, gunpowder and the printing press.
  • The Renaissance is a period of intellectual and artistic flowering in Europe during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. There were advancements made in sculpture, art, painting, architecture, science and math. Europeans also began questioning authority, especially the church.
portuguese explorations
Portuguese Explorations

Portugal was the leader of sea exploration

portuguese explorations1
Portuguese Explorations
  • Prince Henry of Portugal, also known as the Navigator, financed and promoted the idea of exploring distant lands. His accomplishments included:
  • Sagres Point- He established a school for seamen, geographers, cartographers.
  • b. The invention of the caravel
  • c. He improved shipping instruments
  • d. He helped establish trading bases along Africa’s Western Gold Coast. The trade posts eventually led to the beginning of the African slave trade.
The Enterprise of the Indies

Christopher Columbus

  • Columbus’s goal was to find a shortcut to India to establish new trade routes. He won the royal backing of Queen Isabel and King Ferdinand. Who were competing with Portugal for lands, riches and prestige.
the caribbean
The Caribbean

Native populations were wiped out

Foods were exchanged

columbus reaches the americas1
Columbus Reaches the Americas



  • Columbus sought to occupy and settle lands for Spain that were not colonized by other monarchs.
  • Columbus landed on Hispaniola in the Caribbean and was motivated by the new spices and gold he found throughout the islands.
  • Columbus led a bigger expedition back to colonize the islands and bring back gold & slaves. Unfortunateyt, due to disease, warfare and demoralization, the Tainosnative population died off.
South America

Native Art

the spanish in the americas
The Spanish in the Americas

A system of Oppression and Destruction

the spanish in the americas1
The Spanish in the Americas
  • Caste System
  • The Destruction of the Indies
  • Intercontinental Exchange
  • First Europeans in North America
  • The Spanish New World
the spanish in the americas3
The spanish in the Americas
  • Destruction of the Indies- 90% of the native population was reduced by: warfare, low birth rates, famine and diseases.
  • Caste System- A small number of Spanish and their offspring ruled the labor and lives of native people, who were forced to serve them (Spanish)
intercontinental exchange
Intercontinental Exchange

New to Old

Old to New

  • Precious metals
  • New crops-maize, potatoes
  • Tobacco
  • Chocolate
  • Sugar
  • Rice
  • Livestock- horses
  • Grazing animals
the spanish new world empire
The Spanish New World Empire
  • 16th Century- 250,000 Europeans, mostly Spanish, living in the Americans. 125,000 Africans already enslaved.
  • Treaty of Tordesillas- 1494 agreement that divided the Americas between Spain and Portugal.
  • Europeans often married native women which created a very mixed society.
  • Council of the Indies- A governing body of advisors to the Spanish King who made the laws for the Empire.
the french in north america
The French in North America
  • In what ways did colonial contact in the Northeast differ from contacts in Mexico and the Caribbean?
  • The relationship between the French and the natives was based on commerce and not conquest. The French wanted furs and fish not land, slaves or natural resources.
the french in north america1
The French in North America
  • The Fur Trade
  • Fur traders were critical to New France’s success.
  • Indians were active participants.
  • In the early 17th century, the French attempted to monopolize the trade.
fish and furs
fish and Furs
  • Due to an growing population in Europe and depleting food source, the prices of furs skyrocketed. There was a great demand for furs, especially beaver.
  • Most French in the colonies lived near the Great Lakes and the upper regions of the US (today) and Canada. The climate and soil was not conducive to farming or slaves.
  • Eventually, warfare broke out over hunting grounds.
  • 17th century- the French had a monopoly of the fur trade and had set up trade posts and villages along the St. Lawrence River.
  • Fur trade was clearly in favor of the French.
protestant reformation the huguenots
Protestant Reformation & the huguenots
  • Protestant Reformation- Revolt against the Catholic Church led by Martin Luther.
  • French protestors were called Huguenots and tried to overthrow the French king. When they failed, they were forced to leave and settled in the Americas (near South Carolina.)
the huguenots
The Huguenots
  • Threatened the Spanish who had control of Florida and the region. Attacked by the Spanish and caused the Spanish to build St. Augustine, a fort in Jacksonville.
fish and furs1
Fish and Furs
  • However, the spirit of the Huguenots and the success of the fur traders and fishermen urged more French to settle the Americas.
  • Today, Quebec is still a predomenately French province.