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Improving life standards in rural areas and the diversification of the rural economy in Romania. Dr. Cosmin SALASAN Banat’s University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Timisoara & Romanian Academy – Research Centre for Sustainable Rural Development of Romania. Current situation.
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Dr. Cosmin SALASAN
Banat’s University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine Timisoara &
Romanian Academy –
Research Centre for Sustainable Rural Development of Romania
Farming in Romania has two main (and relatively opposite) dimensions:
Around 3 million of the holdings covering approximately 30% of agricultural land are considered as subsistence only
269 ha average size
2,15 ha average sizeGraphical presentation of the farm number, average area and share of total UAA
30% of the national territory is represented by mountains
Less Favored Areas represent 12% of the territory giving a total of 42% of LFA accounting 34,5% of UAA.
Natural and semi-natural ecosystems cover around 47% of the national territory.
Approximately 2.4 million ha of the country's semi-natural grassland is classified as of High Nature Value (HNV).
Creation and the development of micro-enterprises in rural area aims to support by 2013 almost 10.000 enterprises, creating ~30.000 jobs
Impacting in approximately 2% employment growth rate in secondary and tertiary sectors in rural area only by this type of support
Encouragement of the tourism activities aims to add 2,52% employment growth rate by creating another ~40.000 jobs for more than 7,5 million tourist visits expected
Projected tourism activities have a breakdown by type, including:
Over 5 million rural inhabitants from more than 1.000 communes are to benefit of the impact of actions and projects undertaken by this measure, accounting 50% of the target population
In physical terms this means more than 3.000 km of roads, more than 6.000 km of pipelines for water supply and 5.000 km of sewage pipelines. It also estimates over 4.000 jobs created
The first projects’ call organized between the 3rd and the 28th of March gathered 918 projects amounting more than 700 million euro (728,71 million euro) for all the three opened measures:
The initial expectations regarding the monthly financial allocations, 194,31 million euro were from far over passed by the first round of projects submitted, 728,71 million euro, almost 4 times more (factor 3,75)