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Exercise Prescription and Programming. Scott Krager and Kyle Leffel. Where do we begin??. Our role: Fitness Trainer Our Clients: Older Adults, 75+ yrs The 6 Steps of Exercise Programming. Step 1. Determine Level of Function

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exercise prescription and programming

Exercise Prescription and Programming

Scott Krager and Kyle Leffel

where do we begin
Where do we begin??
  • Our role: Fitness Trainer
  • Our Clients: Older Adults, 75+ yrs
    • The 6 Steps of Exercise Programming
step 1
Step 1
  • Determine Level of Function
    • Physically Dependent: Cannot execute the Basic Activities of Daily Living(BADL).
    • Physically Frail: Can perform BADL, but not living independently.
    • Physically Independent: Lives independently, but can have chronic disease/health problems.
    • Physically Fit: Benefit from exercising two times a week, with low risk of becoming physically frail.
    • Physically Elite: Daily exercise to compete in sports competitions
step 2
Step 2
  • Pre-Exercise Screening
    • Paper work and waivers (to avoid malpractice lawsuits)
      • Level of need
      • Background information
      • Medical History and Clearance
step 3
Step 3
  • Physical Screening
    • Blood Pressure
    • Body Composition
    • RPE
    • Flexibility
    • Talk Test
step 4
Step 4
  • Post-Assessment Report
    • A report conducted 1-3 days after the physical screening with the client.
step 5
Step 5
  • Pre-Exercise Interview
    • Questions involve:
      • What do you do in your daily life?
      • Are you still working? If so, what does your job entail?
      • Do you face ladders, stairs, or lifting?
      • How do you spend your time away from work?
      • Do you participate in regular physical activity?
      • Do you experience pain during any movements?
step 6
Step 6
  • Physical Assessment
    • The physical assessment is a gathering of all the information and test results that help set the stage for the exercise program design.
    • Helps decide the FITT principles that will be used in the clients exercise program.
program design
Program Design
  • Based on FITT Principle: Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type
  • Always begin with a Warm-Up activity
    • Blood flow
    • No heavy stretching!
    • Easy range of motion and gentle continuous movement
    • General static/preparatory stretching, comfortable stretching point
    • New movements are taught at this point to prevent future interruption during workout
program design1
Program Design
  • Always End with a Cool Down Activity
    • Includes light activity to allow the muscles to recover
    • Static stretching to the point of discomfort
    • Stay positive, get excited for the next days workout!
types of program design
Types of Program Design
  • Leveled Programming
      • Open to any person who is able to exercise without any requirements from physically dependent to physically elite
    • Land-Based Programming
        • Entry Level
        • Level II
        • Level III
    • Water-Based Programming:
        • Entry Level
        • Level II
        • Level III
personal trainer average salary

Personal Trainer Average Salary

Lowest 25% of trainers= $36,000

Middle 50%= $51,000

Highest 75%= $62,000

exercise prescription and programming1

Exercise Prescription and Programming

Krager and Leffel

Have an awesome day!!!!

sources
Sources
  • Chen, Tiffany. (2008). Chi sequence with tiffany chen. Received January 17, 2009. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MSn4G1VVS2A&NR=1
  • Douglas, Bill. (2008). Free tai chi lesson 1. Received January 17, 2009. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MXbwIfqSq_Q&feature=related
  • Green, Daniel J., & Bryant, Cedric X. (Eds.). (2005). Exercise for older adults. San Diego, CA: American Council on Exercise.
  • Nieman, David C. (2007). Exercise testing and prescription (6th ed.). Dubuque, Iowa: Carlisle Publishing.
  • n.d. Rating of perceived exertion table. Retrieved January 17, 2009. http://www.topendsports.com/testing/rpe.htm
  • n.d. Salary wizard: Salaries of personal trainers. Retrieved January 17, 2009.http://swz.salary.com/salarywizard/layouthtmls/swzl_compresult_national_HC07000416.html.
  • Van Norman, Kay A. (1995). Exercise programming for older adults. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
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