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“Size Matters" The Economics of Cattle Weights USDA Outlook Forum 2014 Arlington, VA February 21, 2014 John S. Nali PowerPoint Presentation
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“Size Matters" The Economics of Cattle Weights USDA Outlook Forum 2014 Arlington, VA February 21, 2014 John S. Nali - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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“Size Matters" The Economics of Cattle Weights USDA Outlook Forum 2014 Arlington, VA February 21, 2014 John S. Nali
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  1. “Size Matters"The Economics of Cattle WeightsUSDA Outlook Forum 2014Arlington, VAFebruary 21, 2014John S. NalivkaSterling Marketing, Inc.

  2. Barron’s, Aug. 5, 2013

  3. Beta Agonists Fed to Cattle ItemOptaflexTMZilmaxTM Elanco Merck Optimal feeding duration 28 – 35 days 20 days Withdrawal time None 3 days Average daily gain ↑ 9 – 21% ↑ 14 – 40% Feed efficiency ↑ 9 – 21% ↑ 14 – 40% Dressing percent Minimal impact ↑ 1 – 2% points Hot carcass weight ↑ 10 – 20 lbs. ↑ 13 – 28 lbs. Source: University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension

  4. Will weights decline?Key Factors to Consider • Industry Structure • Cattle Cycle • Industry Capacity • Genetics • Nutrition • Consumer Demand • Price / Value Equation • Consistent, high quality beef brings the greatest value back to all parties in the supply chain. • Feedlot and packer economics

  5. Steer & Heifer Carcass Weights – thru week ending February 1stPounds per head

  6. Cattle Slaughter & Carcass WeightsPounds per head Pounds per head

  7. Corn PriceDollars per bushel Dollars per lb. of gain

  8. Cost of Gain, Steer Price, & Carcass WeightsDollars per bushel Pounds per head

  9. Cost of Gain, Steer Price, & Carcass WeightsDollars per bushel Pounds per head

  10. Cost of Gain, Steer Price, & Carcass WeightsDollars per bushel Pounds per head

  11. Cost of Gain, Steer Price, & Carcass WeightsDollars per bushel Pounds per head

  12. Combined Steer & Heifer Carcass WeightsPounds

  13. Combined Steer & Heifer Carcass WeightsPounds

  14. U.S. Beef Production EfficiencyThousand headMillion pounds

  15. The U.S. Cow Herd & Beef Production per CowThousand head Pounds per cow

  16. Per Capita Beef Consumption – Carcass wt.Pounds (carcass wt.) 2014 = 76.5 1950 = 63.4

  17. Summary • Cattle weights, live and carcass, have risen significantly nearly year over the past 5 decades. • The predominance of grain finished cattle, coupled with advances in genetic research, nutrition, and management have all contributed to this trend. • Though the cattle inventory is now the lowest in 60 years, in 2013, the U.S. produced nearly 3X as much beef we did 60 years ago.

  18. Summary • In 2013, Merck discontinued sales of Zilmax ™ a feed additive which increased carcass weights and feeding efficiency. • Discontinued feeding of Zilmax ™, has not led to a sharp drop in carcass weights as many industry observers expected. • Weights will remain relatively high . . . . . • Many feedlots continue to use Optaflex ™, another beta agonist, • Corn prices (feed costs) have fallen about 30% from a year earlier, • Cost of gain are below breakeven prices and the current and expected Choice steer price.