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Michigan School Lock Down/Shelter-in-Place Drills

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Michigan School Lock Down/Shelter-in-Place Drills. Legislation. House Bill 4460 (Act 197, Public Acts of 2006) Signed June 29, 2006

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Michigan School

Lock Down/Shelter-in-Place Drills

  • House Bill 4460 (Act 197, Public Acts of 2006)
    • Signed June 29, 2006
    • Requires schools (K-12) to perform 2 drills in which occupants are restricted to the interior of the building and the building secured appropriate to an emergency such as a hazardous materials release (shelter in place) or intruder on or near premises (lockdown)
    • MSP-EMHSD shall develop a model to be used by a school in conducting and coordinating drills
  • Senate Bill 1108 (Act 337, Public Acts of 2006)
    • Signed August 15, 2006
    • Adds requirement that some of the drills be conducted during lunch and recess periods, or at other times when a significant number of students are gathered but not in the classroom
      • Includes all drills (fire, tornado, lockdown/shelter-in- place)
      • Does not specify how many or what type of drills
  • Both bills amend Section 19 the Fire Prevention Code, Act 207, Public Acts of 1941
    • Reduces fire drills from 8 to 6 per year
    • Adds 2 lockdown/shelter-in-place drills
      • Does not specify one of each
    • Drills conducted during lunch, recess or other times when students are not in the classroom
    • MSP-EMHSD to develop a model policy
  • Grades K-12 - Affects over 5,000 buildings
    • Public
    • Nonpublic – private, denominational or parochial
      • Any school other than a public school giving instruction to children below the age of 16 years, in the first 8 grades as provided for the public schools of the state, such school not being under the exclusive supervision and control of the officials having charge of the public schools of the state.
  • Private - a school that is established, conducted, and primarily supported by a nongovernmental agency
  • Denominational – a religious entity whose congregation is united in their adherence to its beliefs and practices
    • Includes Amish schools
  • Parochial – a school maintained by a religious body usually for elementary and secondary instruction
  • Model Policy Work Group
    • In conjunction with MSU Safe Schools Initiative
      • Education
      • Law Enforcement
      • Fire Service
      • Emergency Management
  • School Associations
  • Private Security
  • State Agencies
    • State Police
    • Education
    • Labor & Economic Growth
  • Requires performance of drills
  • Requires recording of drills
  • Does not specify how to conduct drills
drill requirements
Drill Requirements
  • Conducted in coordination with local emergency management coordinator AND
    • County sheriff for the county OR
    • Chief of police OR
    • Fire chief for the municipality where the school is located OR
    • Sheriff or police or fire designee
    • Does not preclude involvement of other law enforcement agencies (MSP)
    • Does not require presence when drill is actually conducted
drill requirements1
Drill Requirements
  • Local Emergency Management Coordinator
    • As much or as little involvement
      • Face to Face
      • Telephone contact
    • Involves lockdown and shelter-in-place drills only
  • Designee
    • Can be anyone (school administrator, teacher, school liaison officer, etc.) designated by sheriff, police chief or fire chief for the municipality where the school is located
policy packet
Policy Packet
  • Tentative distribution – December 15, 2006
  • Will include:
    • Cover letter
    • Legislation (Senate and House Bills)
    • Written policy
    • Four templates
      • Shelter in Place
      • Lockdown (inside threat)
      • Lockdown (outside threat)
      • Drill Documentation Form
    • Guidelines and Definitions
policy packet1
Policy Packet
  • Distributed via e-mail
    • All school buildings
    • Law enforcement agencies
    • Fire departments
    • Emergency management offices
    • School and school related associations
  • Will be available on EMHSD web site at
things to consider for drills
Things to Consider for Drills
  • Plain language notification system
  • Using fire alarm system for activation of drills
  • Drills times – recess, lunchtime, pass time
  • Signaling systems
  • All clear notification
things to consider for drills1
Things to Consider for Drills
  • Summer school drills
  • Documenting drills
  • Special events planning
  • Drill scenarios
  • Incident Command System
  • Securing rooms
final thoughts
Final Thoughts
  • Schools are encouraged not to conduct drills until receipt of policy packet
  • Drills must be coordinated with emergency management coordinators and emergency responders
    • Drills conducted without coordination of emergency managers and emergency responders will not be considered complete under this legislation
  • Only one drill will be required for this school year (2006-2007) because of late receipt of policy packet
  • Beginning September 2007, two drills will be required