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Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) for Research on Minority Aging Jacqui Smith Department of Psychology and Institute for Social Research. RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008. Why is the HRS a Good Resource?.

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slide1

Health and Retirement Study (HRS)

Using the

Health and Retirement Study (HRS)

for Research on Minority Aging

Jacqui Smith

Department of Psychology and

Institute for Social Research

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide2

Why is the HRS a Good Resource?

  • Nationally representative panel of 50+
  • Longitudinal: Biennial waves since 1992
  • Heterogeneous sample
  • Multidisciplinary data
  • Economics, medicine, public health, sociology, psychology, demography
  • Many topic areas
  • Health, health services, employment history, financial status and expenses, pension information, wealth and debt, family structure, cognition, depression, biomarker, psychosocial functioning
  • Good place to shop for ideas
  • It is "free"

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide3

Evolution of the HRS Longitudinal Sample Design

COHORT

<1923

1924-30

1931-41

1942-47

1948-53

1954-59

  • Includes spouse / partner of sampled individual
  • Includes oversamples of African-American and Hispanics
slide4

Minority Elders in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS)

  • HRS Core sample in 2006: N = 30,888
  • 79% White (N = 24,402);

14.8% Black (N = 4569); 4.4% Hispanic (N = 1344).

  • Black gender ratio 39.4% Men; 60.6% Women
  • 2006 - Psychosocial / Biomarker sample (> 53 yrs) :

12.9% Black (N = 920)

2006 biomarkers include height, waist, weight, grip strength, walking speed, puff test, balance, blood pressure, pulse, cholesterol, C-reactive protein, saliva (DNA storage).

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide5

HRS Psychosocial and Lifestyle Battery in 2006

Personality Traits

Extraversion

Neuroticism

Openness

Agreeableness

Conscientiousness

Control Beliefs (Internal-External)

Domain control

Loneliness

Anxiety

Hostility

Anger

Optimism/Pessimism

Hopelessness

Subjective Well-being

Life Satisfaction

Positive Affect

Negative Affect

Psychological Well-being

Purpose in life

Personal Growth

Self Acceptance

Social Network and Relationships

Size of kin and friend network

Closeness of relationships

Quality of spousal relationship

Quality of child relationships

Quality of kin relationships

Quality of friend relationships

Social Participation

Perceived social status

Social Integration

Neighborhood Social Capital

Everyday / Lifetime Discrimination

Religiosity

Critical lifetime / recent events

Work Stress

Domain-specific stresses

Work-family balance

Documentation on: www.hrsonline.isr.umich.edu

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide6

What Do You Need to Do Know to Use HRS?

  • Spend time exploring and reading material on the HRS website

http://www.hrsonline.isr.umich.edu

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide14

http://www.hrsonline.isr.umich.edu

Enter a topic to search

hrs summer workshop at src isr
HRS Summer Workshop at SRC/ ISR
  • Held in Ann Arbor, June 9 - 13, 2008
  • Part of Survey Research Center’s Summer Institute in Survey Research Techniques
  • Substantive focus in 2008 on physical measures and biomarkers
  • To learn more or register:

http://www.isr.umich.edu/src/si/

slide16

What Do You Need to Do and Know to Use HRS?

  • After browsing the HRS website…………
  • Decide on your set of variables and sample
  • Learn a statistical package (SPSS, SAS, STATA)
  • Learn how to merge data sets
  • Prepare / clean up the downloaded data
  • Run descriptive statistics
  • Build composite variables
  • Be creative !

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide17

Examples of Research Questions

    • Does the structure of social networks differ for Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics?
    • Do race/ethnic group differences in health change with age?
  • Perceived control of health and finances: Are age trends different for Whites, Blacks and Hispanics?

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide18

70

Married

60

Divorced/Separated

Widowed

50

Single

40

30

20

10

0

White

Black

Hispanic

Race / Ethnicity Differences in Marital Status in HRS

Percent

This might be a variable to control in some analyses

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide19

60

Zero

50

One

Two

40

Three

30

Four

20

10

0

White

Black

Hispanic

The Structure of Social Networks

Race/Ethnic Group Differences

Percent

Count for presence of:

- Spouse/partner

- Children

- Other family (siblings, grandchildren, in laws)

- Friends

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide20

60

No degree

50

GED

High School

40

2 yr College

4 yr College

30

Masters

20

Professional

10

0

White

Black

Hispanic

HRS Indicators of Socio-Economic Status

e.g., Highest Level of Education

Percent

Another variable to control (or examine) in some analyses

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide21

HRS Indicators of Health Status

e.g., Subjective Health (5-point Scale)

Percent

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide22

White

Black

Hispanic

7

3

6

2.5

5

2

4

Number

Number

1.5

3

1

2

0.5

1

Nr. FUNCTIONAL LIMITATIONS

Nr. CHRONIC ILLNESSES

0

0

<54

55

60

65

70

75

80

>85

<54

55

60

65

70

75

80

>85

Age Groups

Age Groups

Race/Ethnicity Differences in Multimorbidity

Age-cohort Trends

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide23

HRS Psychosocial and Lifestyle Battery in 2006

Questions about Perceived Control

Q24 Using a 0 to 10 scale where 0 means “no control at all” and 10 means “very much control,” how would you rate the amount of control you have over your health these days?

Q26 Using a 0 to 10 scale where 0 means “no control at all” and 10 means “very much control,” how would you rate the amount of control you have over your financial situation these days?

slide24

White

Black

Hispanic

0.5

0.5

0

0

z-score

z-score

-0.5

-0.5

HEALTH

FINANCES

-1

-1

<54

55

60

65

70

75

80

>85

<54

55

60

65

70

75

80

>85

Age Group

Age Group

Perceived Personal Control Over Health and Finances

Age-cohort and Race Trends

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008

slide25

What Steps to Take Now?

  • Browse the HRS website
  • Find a research question to ask (or several)
  • Schedule some time to work
  • Enroll in the HRS Summer Institute Workshop
  • Write a proposal
  • BEGIN!

Jacqui Smith

smitjacq@isr-umich.edu

RCMAR Annual Meeting: May, 2008