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NO Bell Ringer 4/7. Completely Random!. NEW SEATING CHART!!!. NO Bell Ringer 4/7. Completely Random!. NEW SEATING CHART!!!. NO Bell Ringer 4/7. Completely Random!. NEW SEATING CHART!!!. Modernism: Art. General.

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no bell ringer 4 7
NO Bell Ringer 4/7

Completely Random!


no bell ringer 4 71
NO Bell Ringer 4/7

Completely Random!


no bell ringer 4 72
NO Bell Ringer 4/7

Completely Random!



Modernism is usually identified as an artistic trend that began around the end of the 19th century and dominated cultural expression until World War II

Associated with the idea of “modernity”

Modernity: confidence in human progress through rationality and technological advances

  • Two General Forms of Abstraction (state of being ‘abstract’):
    • 1. The reduction of images from the natural world into shapes suggested by actual objects
    • 2. The “pure” use of color, line, shadow, and other traditional formal elements of art to create an image whose only reference is itself
  • Overall definition: Beauty can exist in form alone and that no other quality is needed.
white on white by kasimir malevich
White on White by Kasimir Malevich

Why would this be famous???

white on white by kasimir malevich1
White on White by Kasimir Malevich
  • Malevich (1878-1935)
  • Simple, but confusing
  • He sought basic pictorial elements that could “communicate the most profound expressive reality”
mondrian s composition in white black and red1
Mondrian’s Composition in White, Black, and Red
  • Mondrian (1872-1944)
  • Believed that straight lines and right angles represented the fundamental principles of life
  • Believed that the horizontal line signified rest, tranquility, and death
mondrian s composition in white black and red2
Mondrian’s Composition in White, Black, and Red
  • The crossing of the two in a right angle expressed the highest tension between positive and negative forces
  • Very shallow space (as shallow as possible)
more modern art
More Modern Art

Jean Arp – Collage arranged according to the laws of chance

Malevich – Airplane Flying

more modern art1
More Modern Art

Mondrian – composition in red, blue, and yellow


As the work of Sigmund Freud became more popular, artists became fascinated by the subconscious mind

By 1924, a surrealist manifesto stated some specific connections between the subconscious mind and painting


Surrealist works were thought to be created by “pure psychic automatism”

Goal was to merge reason and unreason, consciousness and unconscious into an “absolute reality – a super reality”

Supposedly, a dream could be transferred directly from the unconscious mind of the painter to canvas without control or conscious interruption

  • Surrealism went 2 directions
  • The first presents fantastic, hallucinatory scenes in a hard-edged, realistic manner
    • What most people associate with surrealism
  • The other is more abstract, but much less popular
chirico s nostalgia of the infinite
Chirico’s Nostalgia of the Infinite
  • Strange objects are irrationally juxtaposed: they come together as in a dream
  • These bizarre works reflect a world that human beings cannot control
  • Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) – Mexican painter
  • Her works are studies in great pain and suffering, both mental and physical
    • On Sep. 17, 1925, she was in a serious bus crash. Injuries included a broken spinal column, a broken collarbone, broken ribs, a broken pelvis, eleven fractures in her right leg, and crushed and dislocated right foot, and a dislocated shoulder.
    • An iron handrail pierced her abdomen and her uterus, seriously damaging her reproductive ability
kahlo s the broken column
Kahlo’s “The Broken Column”
  • Portrays a nightmarish quality typical of surrealism
  • The subject appears both suffering, and as a savior
  • Her spinal column is represented by an architectural column
more frida kahlo works
More Frida Kahlo Works

Self Portrait with horn necklace and hummingbird

What the Water Gave me


Salvador Dali (1904-1989) – Spanish (but got famous in the US)

Attended the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid

The leader of the Surrealist Movement

dali the persistence of memory
Dali – the Persistence of Memory
  • One of the best known Surrealist works
  • Dark, dreamlike atmosphere, with nightmarish qualities
    • Plain, bare background
    • Sharp contrast
salvador dali
Salvador Dali

Escaped from Europe during WWII and made his way to the US.

The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York gave Dali his first major exhibit

There is a museum devoted to him in St. Petersburg, FL

other dali works1
Other Dali Works

Swans Reflecting Elephants

other dali works2
Other Dali Works

Apparition of the Face of Aphrodite

other dali works3
Other Dali Works

Woman with a Head of Roses

american painting
American Painting

Until the 20th century, American painting only adapted European trends

In the early 20th century, strong and vigorous American painting emerged and it encompasses several styles

american art georgia o keefe
American Art – Georgia O’Keefe

O’Keefe (1887-1986) proved to be one of the most original artists of the century

Her imagery draws on a wide variety of objects that she abstracts in a uniquely personal way

o keefe s dark abstraction
O’Keefe’s Dark Abstraction
  • An organic form becomes an exquisite landscape
  • Appears monumental, even though the painting is quite small
o keefe s dark abstraction1
O’Keefe’s Dark Abstraction
  • Her lines flow gracefully upwards and outward with a skillful blending of colors
  • It implies nature, even though its just abstract shapes
grant wood
Grant Wood
  • Grant Wood (1892-1942)
  • Continued the works of the realist tradition, though they’re posed and not spontaneous
    • Still meant to show the harsher side of life
wood s american gothic
Wood’s American Gothic
  • A wonderful celebration of the simple, hardworking people of America’s heartland
  • The elongated forms are pulled up together into a pointed arch
  • Rural American reverence for home and labor is celebrated here with gentle humor
the harlem renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance

From 1919-1925, Harlem, a neighborhood in upper Manhattan, became the international capital of African American culture

Painters, sculptors, musicians, poets, and novelists joined in a remarkable artistic outpouring

the harlem renaissance1
The Harlem Renaissance

The movement took up several themes: glorification of the black American’s African heritage, the tradition of black folklore, and the daily life of black people

Harlem Renaissance artists celebrated black history and culture and defined a visual vocabulary for African Americans

the harlem renaissance2
The Harlem Renaissance

W.E.B. Du Bois, Alain Locke, and Charles Spurgeon spearheaded the movement

Aaron Douglas (1899-1979) was arguably the foremost painter of the Harlem Renaissance

He explores a palette of muted tones

He was particularly known for his illustrations and cover designs for books by African American authors

douglas s aalta
Douglas’s Aalta
  • Warm and relaxed
  • Colors and lines express dignity, elegance, and stability
douglas s aspects of negro life
Douglas’s Aspects of Negro Life
  • Documents the emergence of an African American identity
  • Portrays the African background in images of music (Jazz!)
modern sculpture
Modern Sculpture

Abstract – shapes sometimes unrecognizable

No overly notable artist – lots of names, but not as popular as the painting

modern sculpture1
Modern Sculpture

Henry Moore – Double Oval

David Smith – Cubi VI

modern sculpture2
Modern Sculpture

Otto Gutfreund - Cellist

Tony Smith – Free Ride

modern sculpture3
Modern Sculpture
  • Usually on display OUTDOORS (added to nature) due to their large size
    • You’ll still see them in museums and occasionally households

We will not watch the whole thing – just enough for you to be introduced to MOMA

I will pass back some grades and papers while you watch.

I will stop it with just a few minutes left in class. At that point I will give you a question about the video to answer on your notes (WATCH – you don’t get the question until I STOP it!)