common intranet system v sat in nepal n.
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Annex 9. Common intranet system V-SAT In Nepal. ESTABLISHMENT PROCESS. V-SAT “ VERY SMALL APERTURE TERMINAL”. Allows high speed data and voice transmission Cost effective Telecommunication Facility Operated through a Satellite System

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v sat very small aperture terminal
V-SAT “VERY SMALL APERTURE TERMINAL”
  • Allows high speed data and voice transmission
  • Cost effective Telecommunication Facility
  • Operated through a Satellite System
  • It is generally used in countries with difficult access to internet or with low bandwidth hindering data transmission, and as such, productivity
background rational for implementation in nepal
BACKGROUND/RATIONAL FOR IMPLEMENTATION IN NEPAL
  • Earthquakes vs. terrestrial communication system damage
  • Country in conflict, crisis vs infrastructure
initial steps
Initial steps
  • UNICEF and UNDP contracted Telenor - Norway for installationUNDP Technical recommendation for Nepal Co: a minimum of 64k bandwidthUNICEF HQS recommended to opt for the VSAT WAN (to improve and secure their connectivity)
participating agencies
Participating agencies:
  • UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNDP/SURF
  • These agencies share the OUTDOOR EQUIPMENT
  • UNDP, UNFPA, and UNDP/SURF share the bandwidth
  • UNICEF has its own separate bandwidth and has a separate indoor equipment (like routers and switches)
v sat services
V-SAT SERVICES
  • Better internet connectivity
  • Voice over IP (internet protocol) services
  • Free In-net telephone calls to other Telenor VSAT country offices
  • Cost effective off net tel. Calls (originating from Norway)
  • (8 voice cards available for UNDP/UNFPA/SURF
  • 4 voice cards available for UNICEF alone)
slide10

PROBLEMS

  • Obtainment of V-SAT license from the Government
  • HMG’s request to go through the local service provider
  • Struggle for the telecom authority’s fees exemption (approx USD 3300) every 5 years.
  • Exemption of the yearly frequency license fee payment
  • Lack of appropriate scale (1 OHM) for grounding
slide11

PROBLEMS

  • Coordination with PABX and VSAT consultants (to integrate PABX with VSAT)
  • Initial failure in identifying proper lightening system for the V-SAT
  • Government may not permit the use of VOIP (voice over internet protocol, this is country specific issue)
positive aspects
POSITIVE ASPECTS
  • Establishment of V-SAT committee, preparation of MOU
  • Good cooperation from the partners from the beginning
  • Required support from the management and IAAG
  • Savings on telecommunication cost: Telephone and Fax
  • Possible connectivity to other agencies in case of natural disaster
  • Provide information sharing support to the government in case of natural disaster ( incase government telecom infrastructure collapses)
improvement for the future
IMPROVEMENT FOR THE FUTURE
  • Other UN agencies inclusion in the existing V-SAT pool
  • Video conference facility to UN agencies outside the pool
  • Bandwidth enhancement in an on-going process
  • Provision of backup V-SAT link with UNICEF ROSA
immidiate priorities and current development
IMMIDIATE PRIORITIES AND CURRENT DEVELOPMENT
  • Enhancement of V-SAT connectivity service to be provided to UNDP regional center
constraints
CONSTRAINTS
  • Maintenance in case of breakdowns of major parts
  • Parts cost as high as USD 18,000 (transreceiver)
  • Identification of the problem and replacement of the parts may take up to 1-2 weeks.
  • Telenor requested to open a warehouse in the region for speedy maintenance of V-SAT
  • Participating agencies agreed to create flexible budget for maintenance purpose
slide16
THANKS

thanks