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Basic Radio Facts

Basic Radio Facts

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Basic Radio Facts

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  1. Basic Radio Facts Chapter 3

  2. AM “Amplitude Modulation” • The physical capability of an AM station to deliver a geographical coverage area is determined by the frequency (position on the dial) and the generator power wattage • The authority to operate a station at a given frequency and power is strictly regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

  3. AM Coverage • The lower the frequency of the dial position, the less wattage of power is required to cover a given area of geography. • Ex: KYYZ, 560 on the dial, with 5000 watts of power and a non-directional antenna covers an area almost the size of Iowa • A dial position of 1590 and 1000 watts of power would expect the coverage to be inside a 50 mile radius

  4. FM “Frequency Modulation” • The variable for FM stations is antenna height and power wattage • FM signals rely upon “line of sight” signal reception • The height of the antenna and the wattage of power determine coverage area

  5. Formats • Most common format of an AM farm broadcast station is news talk • Second most common format for either AM or FM stations that provides farm broadcasting is country • Farm programming is delivered in a variety of ways tailored to the specific station’s format

  6. Farm Programming • Stations devote one hour + of segmented farm programming blocks • Independent farm broadcast stations and affiliates of NAFB often provide a program menu of 2 to 4 minute farm market and farm news reports numerous times daily

  7. Farmer Habits • Farmer listening patterns have been established and sustained over long periods of time • Farm programming segments consist of 30 minutes or more in early morning and mid-day time periods

  8. Farm Broadcaster • Employment of a farm broadcaster is an economic decision • Considerations include the value of the farm audience and contribution to the total economic strength of the station • Must be desirable, profitable and sustainable long term to employ a farm broadcaster

  9. Strengths of a Farm Broadcaster • Must be totally engaged with the local/regional agricultural community • Provide extensive educational and marketing assistance to the station’s sales and marketing staff

  10. Strengths Cont. • Be the dependable, reliable, credible source of information that impacts the lives and sustainability of producers • Provide leadership in communicating agricultural issues to the “non farm” & consumer audience • ex: PETA starts a campaign to radically impact or eliminate animal agriculture. The local farm broadcaster helps educate the non-agriculture community

  11. Farm Network • Many stations cannot justify a staff position to focus on farm programming and marketing • This array of stations provides opportunity for a NAFB network to provide farm programming • Networks design affiliate agreements in ways to reach a complimentary relationship between the the affiliated stations

  12. Strengths of a Farm Network • The ability to deliver farm programming in a format that can be inserted into local programming • The ability to utilize various modes of technology to deliver programming to the stations

  13. Network Strengths Cont. • A network can leverage the combined geographic areas of its affiliates into a viable marketing area • The network may be capable to employ multiple farm broadcasters where each broadcaster may focus on specific segments