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18 Sept 2014

BELL ACTIVITY: JOURNAL..15 to 18+ lines. If you could live in the past or the future for just one year (Jan 1 to Jan 1), which would you choose and why? What would you do? What might be the worst part of the experience? What would you miss out on in the year 2015 that would really bother you? If you could take someone with you, who would it be and why?

TODAY’S AGENDA:

CHARACTERS IN LITERATURE.

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES?

HOW DO YOU DETERMINE A CHARACTER TYPE?

WHAT IS CHARACTERIZATION?

HOW DO YOU ANALYZE A CHARACTER?

major characters
Major Characters

Protagonist—the primary major character of a story. (Sometimes called the main character.)

  • The action of the story revolves around the protagonist and the conflict he or she faces. Usually the “Good Guy,” but not always.

Antagonist—the character or force the protagonist struggles against and must overcome.

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The climax (turning point) in a plot ALWAYS, ALWAYSincludes the protagonist& the antagonist resolving the central conflict.

major characters1
Major Characters

Other major characters are not necessarily unimportant, they are simply characters of less importance to the plot than the protagonist and antagonist.

All major characters are necessary for the story to develop. They add depth and complexity to the story.

THE MAJOR characters

Other Major Characters

minor characters
MINOR CHARACTERS

Characters of less importance who interact with the major characters.

They MAY add depth and complication to the story, howevertheir actions or role in the plot could often be accomplished just as easily with another character.

They are usually flat and static.

flat characters versus round characters
Flat Characters versus Round Characters

Flat characters

  • These are characters whose actions don’t affect the overall plot.
  • They may be mentioned by name, but their personalities are not fully developed. The reader knows very little about them.
  • They are usually minor characters.
flat characters
FLAT CHARACTERS

ONE WAY TO REMEMBER THE DEFINITION OF A FLAT CHARACTER IS TO THINK OF A CARDBOARD CUT-OUT. WE ONLY SEE ONE “SIDE” OF THEIR PERSONALITY.

flat characters versus round characters1
Flat Characters versus Round Characters

Round characters

  • a character with a complex and realistic personality; often called "three-dimensional" or "multifaceted" characters.   
  • We understand the motivation of these characters (why they do things) and their personal perspective.
  • Major characters will be round. In well written stories, even some of the minor characters can be round.
dynamic characters versus static characters
Dynamic Characters versus Static Characters

Static characters

  • a character who does not change throughout the course of the story.
  • a character who does not “grow” emotionally.
  • a character whose personality remains the same at the end of the story as it was at the beginning of the story. 
  • These are usually flat characters

Crazy from beginning to end…

Not even her hairstyle changes

[End of Section]

dynamic characters vs static characters
Dynamic Characters vs. Static Characters

Dynamic characters

  • a character whose personality changes during the course of the story.
  • a character who grows, emotionally, or learns from the actions or events in the story. 
  • These are major characters will usually be dynamic characters
  • Dynamic characters will be round..
character traits elements of a character s personality that define who the character is
Character traits - elements of a character's personality that define who the character is  

Shrek is grouchy and irritable, but kind-hearted; these are his character traits. 

characterization

Inward thoughts of the character.

Appearance – looks, sounds, smells

Speech – What the character says

others’ reactions to the character

Actions – What the character does.

Characterization….

Writers create characters by revealing information about …………

characterization1
Characterization

Quick Check

Which of method of characterization did the author use?

  • “Keep still, you little devil, or I’ll cut your throat!”
  • A fearful man, all in coarse grey, with a great iron on his leg. A man with no hat, and with broken shoes, and with an old rag tied round his head. A man who had been soaked in water, and smothered in mud, and lamed by stones, and cut by flints . . . ; who limped, and shivered, and glared and growled; and whose teeth chattered in his head as he seized me by the chin.
    • from Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

[End of Section]

character development
Character Development

Quick Check

Which methods of character development are being used?

  • “Keep still, you little devil, or I’ll cut your throat!”
  • A fearful man, all in coarse grey, with a great iron on his leg. A man with no hat, and with broken shoes, and with an old rag tied round his head. A man who had been soaked in water, and smothered in mud, and lamed by stones, and cut by flints . . . ; who limped, and shivered, and glared and growled; and whose teeth chattered in his head as he seized me by the chin.
    • from Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

Speech

Description

Actions

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Direct Characterization – when an author clearly states the character’s personality, leaving no room for mistakes. “Dena was a kind, caring individual.”The author tells us specifically what the character is like.

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Indirect characterization – When an author reveals a character’s personality through his or her actions or dialogue; “Dena felt so sad when she saw the hurt little chipmunk that she began to cry.  She immediately approached it to try and help it get better.”  The author shows us what the character is like.

direct and indirect characterization
Direct and Indirect Characterization

Quick Check

Is this an example of direct or indirect characterization?

My sister, Mrs. Joe, with black hair and eyes, had such a prevailing redness of skin that I sometimes used to wonder whether it was possible she washed herself with a nutmeg-grater instead of soap. She was tall and bony, and almost always wore a coarse apron, fastened over her figure behind with two loops, and having a square impregnable bib in front, that was stuck full of pins and needles.

from Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

What kind of person do you think this character is?

[End of Section]

direct and indirect characterization1
Direct and Indirect Characterization

Quick Check

Is this an example of direct or indirect characterization?

My sister, Mrs. Joe, with black hair and eyes, had such a prevailing redness of skin that I sometimes used to wonder whether it was possible she washed herself with a nutmeg-grater instead of soap. She was tall and bony, and almost always wore a coarse apron, fastened over her figure behind with two loops, and having a square impregnable bib in front, that was stuck full of pins and needles.

from Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

Indirect. The writer is describing the character’s appearance.

direct and indirect characterization2
Direct and Indirect Characterization

Quick Check

What kind of person do you think this character is?

My sister, Mrs. Joe, with black hair and eyes, had such a prevailing redness of skin that I sometimes used to wonder whether it was possible she washed herself with a nutmeg-grater instead of soap. She was tall and bony, and almost always wore a coarse apron, fastened over her figure behind with two loops, and having a square impregnable bib in front, that was stuck full of pins and needles.

from Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

I think she’s strict and unfriendly.

characters traits adjectives
Characters Traits ….adjectives

foolish

fragile

generous

glum

harsh

haughty

honest

impulsive

industrious

insightful

Intelligent

jealous

joyous

kind

loyal

melancholy

mischievous

mysterious

patient

powerful

rude

self-important

silly

strong

stubborn

thoughtful

tough

weak

absent-minded

adventurous

argumentative

arrogant

brilliant

competitive

courageous

cruel

determined

eloquent

enthusiastic

Excellent

fearful

fearless

analyzing a character creating a map
ANALYZING A CHARACTER – CREATING A MAP

What does the character do? Describe specific actions.

What does the character say? Include 3 to 5 direct quotes from the reading.

Describe the character’s appearance.

What do others say about the character or how do they treat them? Include 3 direct quotes.

Adjectives:

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Take out a sheet of paper for notes.

Write the date and the title “Characterization in ‘A Letter From the Fringe’ by Joan Bauer” at the top.

Create 4 columns on the top half of the paper. Label them as shown.

Character’s

appearance

Character says

Said about

character

Character does

P1-C3

P1=page 1

C3=column 3

As you read through the short story notice when the author uses the four different characterization methods.

Don’t take time to quote or paraphrase yet, just record on which page and in which column you found an example. For example…