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The Renaissance. The Beginnings of the Renaissance. 1400-1450. Medici Video. Economic. Political. Control town Pay off officials to get out of jail Subject of art pieces (David) Marriages to key political figures. Patrons of the arts Patron to artists and architects

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medici video
Medici Video

Economic

Political

Control town

Pay off officials to get out of jail

Subject of art pieces (David)

Marriages to key political figures

  • Patrons of the arts
    • Patron to artists and architects
  • Took control of papal treasury
  • Put money into Florentine banks to rebuild
slide4
Religious

Culture/Art

Patron to many artists

Commission:

David, Duomo, Primavera, Birth of Venus, Donatello’s David

  • Controlled papal funds
  • Pope Leo X’s filling of position with friends
  • Boys would be marked for the church at a young age
  • Cozza the pirate becoming Pope with Medici influence
beginnings in italy
Beginnings in Italy
  • Social Reasons
    • Why Venice and Florence?
  • Shifting attitudes towards life and the individual
    • Humanism
    • Individualism
    • Secularism
characteristics and ideals
Characteristics and Ideals

Middle Ages

Renaissance

Highest good = human achievement

Gratify earthly pleasures

MAN

Secularism

Participation

Nature

Flesh and body

Reason

Individualism

Urban

Wealth and leisure

  • Highest good = salvation
  • Self-denial
  • GOD
  • Religion
  • Withdraw from world
  • Supernatural
  • Spirit and soul
  • Faith
  • Corporatism
  • Rural
  • poverty
ideas from the ancient world
Ideas from the Ancient World
  • Education
  • Literature
  • Architecture
  • Art
renaissance art
Renaissance Art
  • Themes
    • Classical themes
    • Statues
    • Religious topics
    • Portraits
    • Secular ideas
    • Realist
      • Bodies are depicted in a scientific manner
      • sexualized
  • Techniques
    • Perspective
    • Symmetry
    • Geometric shapes
perspective and symmetry
Perspective and Symmetry

Medieval

Renaissance

geometric shapes
Geometric Shapes
  • The Virgin of the Rocks – Da Vinci, 1486
1 art piece
1. Art Piece
  • Jan Van Eyck, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride, 1434
  • 1. Define the purpose
    • Why paint this?
      • Create beauty, reveal truth, immortalize, express religious values, stimulate intellect, create harmony or chaos, reflect society and culture, protest, express the universal, meet his/her own needs?
  • 2. Look at the elements
    • Locate focal point
    • Define medium and size
    • Abstract or realistic?
    • Light or dark colors?
    • What mood does it create?
    • What type of brush strokes are used?
    • Shapes, spaces, perspective, positions of subjects/objects
analyzing a primary source
Analyzing a Primary Source
  • Subject
  • Occasion
  • Audience
  • Purpose
  • Speaker
a letter to boccaccio literary humanism francesco petrarch
“A Letter to Boccaccio: Literary Humanism” ~ Francesco Petrarch
  • Subject
    • What is the topic?
    • Main points?
    • What evidence supports the idea being expressed in the text?
  • Occasion
    • When and where was this written?
    • Long or short lapse of time between the event and the publishing of document?
    • Medium of document
  • Audience
    • Who is the intended audience?
  • Purpose
    • Why was it written?
    • Explicit or Implicit message?
    • Short or long term effects of the documents?
  • Speaker
    • Who is the author?
    • Does the author have authority to write on this topic? Was s/he an eyewitness?
    • What is the author’s background? Does this lend to any bias s/he may have?
characteristics of northern renaissance art
Characteristics of Northern Renaissance Art
  • The continuation of late medieval attention to details.
  • Tendency toward realism & naturalism [less emphasis on the “classical ideal”].
  • Interest in landscapes.
  • More emphasis on middle-class and peasant life.
  • Details of domestic interiors.
  • Great skill in portraiture.
take notes on the following
Take notes on the following:
  • Name of Painting
  • Name of Artist and country of origin
  • Date completed
  • Characteristics that make it Renaissance (with examples from painting)
societal values
Societal Values
  • Humanism
  • Individualism
  • Secularism
the status of the artist
The status of the artist
  • Improved since the Middle Ages
  • Respected and awarded by society
  • Artist is now seen as genius
women and the renaissance
Women and the Renaissance
  • Women’s status declined
  • Women worked both in and out of the house
slavery and ethnicity
Slavery and Ethnicity
  • Origins
  • Slaves come to Western Europe
  • The beginnings of African slavery in Europe
education
Education
  • Humanist views
  • Women in Education
political thought
Political Thought
  • The Prince, 1513
  • NiccoloMacciavelli (1469-1527)
  • Subject Matter
  • Humanist thoughts
the printed word
The Printed Word
  • The emergence of moveable type
  • Effects
clocks
Clocks
  • Beginnings of measuring time
  • Importance to the city
  • Effects
what s so new
What’s so new?
  • High Middle Ages
    • Local sheriffs and judges
    • Representative assemblies
    • Nobles kept the state from centralizing power
  • Renaissance
    • Stop violence
    • Stop nobles
    • Establish domestic order through establishing power
    • Monarchy is one institution
      • All powerful
      • Respect and loyalty from all subjects