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Estados Unidos de PowerPoint Presentation
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Estados Unidos de

Estados Unidos de

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Estados Unidos de

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  1. Estados Unidos de . . . MEXICO

  2. Industrial Revolution Party • In power from 1929 to 2000. • 72 years of power: • Anyone could join • Picking successors • No specific ideology – “Adaptability and survival instinct of a living creature” • Strict father vs. rich uncle • Electoral fraud when all else failed • The end of the PRI “club-house”: • 1969 massacre of student protestors • 1985 Mexico City earthquake • Suspected electoral fraud in 1988 – political opposition became most notable from 1988 onwards • Economic crashes in 1982 and 1994-95 • Tax system, land division was an agricultural disaster • 2 Mexicos: north and south

  3. Ernesto Zedillo The 9-fingered president 1994: economic disaster Lost majority in 1997: “Following the mid-1997 mayoral and legislative balloting, the PRI appeared to have one foot in the grave and another on a a banana peel.” Consultas (primaries) to select PRI presidential candidates - Labastida Legacy: preparing Mexico for sustainable growth, demanding cleaner elections, changing PRI’s nominating procedure.

  4. Democratization 1997: No PRI majority in Chamber of Deputies 1999: 1st primary to choose PRI successor - Labastida 1977: Portillo – Federal Law of Political Organizations and Political Processes 1989: Salinas allowed for PAN victory in Baja Califronia 1990: NAFTA – “Political glasnost complemented the economic perestroika” 1990: Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) 1996 constitutional reforms: electoral law adjusted, autonomous IFE, more powerful federal court

  5. Party Relative majority Proportional representation Votes % Votes % Institutional Revolutionary Party 11,311,963 39.11 11,445,852 39.11 National Action Party 7,696,797 26.61 7,792,290 26.63 Party of the Democratic Revolution 7,436,468 25.71 7,519,914 25.70 Ecologist Green Party of Mexico 1,105,922 3.62 1,116,463 3.82 Labor Party 749,231 2.59 756,436 2.58 Partido Cardenista 324,265 1.12 327,681 1.12 Mexican Democratic Party 191,821 0.66 193,990 0.66 Popular Socialist Party 97,473 0.34 98,391 0.34 None 844,762 855,227 Total 29,771,911 100.00 30,120,221 100.00

  6. Party Votes % Institutional Revolutionary Party 11,279,167 38.50 National Action Party 7,880,966 26.90 Party of the Democratic Revolution 7,569,895 25.84 Ecologist Green Party of Mexico 1,180,804 4.03 Labor Party 745,279 2.54 Partido Cardenista 335,399 1.14 Mexican Democratic Party 193,340 0.66 Popular Socialist Party 95,719 0.33 None 871,326 Total 30,151,895 100.00

  7. Presidential Elections Results

  8. Presidential Elections Results 42.52% 15,989,636 votes

  9. Presidential Elections Results 36.11% 13,579,718 votes

  10. Presidential Elections Results 16.64% 6,256,780 votes

  11. "The Marlboro Man" ACHIEVEMENTS ·economic stability, low inflation, low interest rates, stable currency and constant but moderate growth·No blunt repression·Immigration & human rights ·”Fox, known as the `Marlboro Man´ because of his 6-foot-5-inch height and craggy good looks” ·Fox’s triumph marked a new era, after 72 years of PRI in power: “New Era in Mexico”ERRORS·Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) ·Violence, protests,etc ·Political and economical monopoly

  12. Elections 2006

  13. Presidential Elections Results 35.89% 15,000,284 votes

  14. Presidential Elections Results 35.31% 14,756,350 votes

  15. Presidential Elections Results 22.26% 9,301,441 votes

  16. Presidential Elections Results 2.70% 1,128,850 votes

  17. ██ PAN ██ PRD

  18. Chamber of Deputies Results

  19. Senate Results

  20. Discussion • Is competition what Mexico needs? • How should the election fraud be handled? • Consider: Mexican voters will become fed up with self-serving politicians and turn to a strong national figure (as Chávez in Venezuela) • Was the opening up of the political system (with the PAN’s victory) beneficial to Mexico? • How have the results of the 2000 elections impacted voters?

  21. Discussion • Is competition what Mexico needs? • How should the election fraud be handled? • Consider: Mexican voters will become fed up with self-serving politicians and turn to a strong national figure (as Chávez in Venezuela) • Was the opening up of the political system (with the PAN’s victory) beneficial to Mexico? • How have the results of the 2000 elections impacted voters?