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Connecting Brain Research with Effective Teaching: . The Brain-Targeted Teaching™ Model. Dr. Mariale Hardiman Johns Hopkins University Roland Park Elementary/Middle School Mmhardiman@jhu.edu 410-516-6550. Brain Target 1: The Emotional Climate.

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connecting brain research with effective teaching
Connecting Brain Research with Effective Teaching:

The Brain-Targeted Teaching™ Model

Dr. Mariale Hardiman

Johns Hopkins University

Roland Park Elementary/Middle School

Mmhardiman@jhu.edu

410-516-6550

slide2

Brain Target 1:

The Emotional Climate

While stress impedes learning, positive emotions contribute to long-term memory. The more intense the arousal of our amygdala, the stronger the informational imprint, which, in turn, enhances recall and learning.

slide3

Brain Target 1:

Best Practices

  • Predictability: Routines, rituals, consistency
  • Personal Connection between teacher and student
  • Trust and Acceptance
  • Safe Classroom Environment
  • Positive Language & Encouragement

to Shape Behaviors

  • Supportive Corrective Language
  • Peer Mediation/ Sharing Circles
  • Class Meetings: Control and Choice
  • Humor
  • Arts Integration
  • Celebration
  • Student self-evaluation checklist
slide4

How do I feel today?

circle one

good

tired

sad

mad

Brain-Target 1

Write how you feel right now.

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______________________________________

__________________________________________

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______________________________________

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

______________________________________

Draw how you feel right now.

slide5

How do I feel today?

circle one

good

tired

sad

mad

Brain-Target 1

Why are you feeling this way?

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

slide6

BT-2: Enriched Environments

  • The “context communicates” (Caine & Caine, 2001). From corporate offices to media events, physical surroundings are an essential part of the messages that are communicated in society.
slide7

Brain-Target 2: Best Practices

  • Use horizontal and vertical spaces to add color and beauty while reflecting the current learning unit and student work.
  • Change classroom displays frequently.
  • Establish order and engage students in routine care of the classroom.
  • Use soft background music when student are performing routine tasks.
slide8

Brain-Target 2: Best Practices

  • Soften harsh lights with lamps; use natural light.
  • Create flexible seating arrangements and design space to facilitate movement.
  • Allow for water breaks.
  • Decorate the room with plants, terrariums, or other common household items.
slide9

1. Can you see everything?

yes no

2. Does it smell okay in the classroom?

yes no

3. Can you hear the teacher/students?

yes no

4. Are you ready for class discussion?

yes no

5.Do you feel comfortable in your desk?

yes no

Check your senses to see if you are ready to learn!

Brain-Target 2

slide10

BT-3:“Big Picture” Concepts/ Concept Mapping

  • How do we lead students to understanding global concepts of content goals?
  • Use of “nonlinguistic representation” such as concept maps is one of most effective strategies (Marzano, Pinkering, Pollock, 2001).
slide11

Brain Target 3:

Best Practices

  • Use content standards to design unit scope and sequences.
  • Use scope and sequences to design learning units.
  • Begin learning units by allowing students to see “big-picture” concepts.
  • Use concept maps to allow students to understand concepts through nonlinguistic representation.
  • Design broad learning goals; allow students to design a personalized learning goal.
  • Design specific objectives that state what students will know and be able to do as a result of instruction.
slide12

BT-4:Repeated Rehearsal

The most important factor determining how well we remember information is the degree to which we rehearse and repeat that information (Squire, 2002).

slide13

Brain-Target 4: Best Practices

  • Vary learning tasks that provide novelty to sustain attention and differentiate for the needs of the learners.
  • Use multiple modalities and technology.
  • Integrate arts into instructional activities to help sustain memory: The arts integrate thought, feeling, and action: Visual Artsseeing and doing; Dance movement; Drama acting out; Musiclistening & playing
  • The arts help to make a memory imprint of concept and skills.
slide14

BT-5:Modular Brain Systems

  • When we extend knowledge by examining it in a deeper, more analytical way, the brain uses multiple and complex systems of retrieval and integration.
  • Brain scans demonstrate that different parts of the brain become engaged when we use complex thinking and problem-solving (Sousa, 2001).
slide15

Brain Target 5: Best Practices

  • Compare and contrast elements
  • Classify information
  • Inductive thinking: drawing generalities from specific parts
  • Deductive thinking: making predictions based on generalizations
  • Analyze error patterns
  • Analyze perspective
  • Create metaphors and analogies
  • Conduct investigations; design experiments
  • Solve problems using real-world contexts
  • Integrate visual and performing arts into curriculum
slide16

BT-6: Evaluation Techniques Supported by Brain Research

Provide students with immediate, frequent and relevant feedback about their performance (Marzano, Pinkering, and Pollock, 2001).

slide17

Brain Target 6: Best Practices

  • Use of a checklist
  • Scoring tools such as rubrics
  • Asking learners to self-assess using a scoring tool and then providing feedback
  • Collective feedback time where you discuss feedback as a group
  • Portfolio assessment
  • Written comments on documents
  • Conferences with guiding questions
  • Post examples of varying proficiency levels and have students evaluate best responses
  • Create a visual such as an illustration or graph to exemplify a point
  • Peer review
research on brain targeted teaching
Research on Brain-Targeted Teaching™

For a doctoral research study conducted at Johnson & Wales University, Dr. Peter Bertucci (2006) conducted a mixed-method qualitative case study as well as a quantitative ex post facto study of the Brain-Targeted Teaching™ model.

findings from research on brain targeted teaching
Findings From Research on Brain-Targeted Teaching™

“Data suggest student outcomes include deeper conceptual understanding and better extension of knowledge, more engaged and happy students and strong state test performance.”

“The program evaluation findings validate the utilization of the Brain-Targeted Teaching Model.”—Dr. Peter Berticci, 2006

findings from research on brain targeted teaching20
Findings from Research on Brain-Targeted Teaching™

In particular, striking differences were found in the percentage of students of poverty who performed at the advanced levels of reading achievement on the MSA. The study site clearly demonstrated significant gains in achievement compared to the control site.

www braintargetedteaching org
www.braintargetedteaching.org

Dr. Mariale Hardiman

Johns Hopkins University

410-516-6550

mmhardiman@jhu.edu