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Natural and Synthetic Polymers. Some Natural Polymers in Food…. Gelatin in gummi worms and gummi bears are made from natural polymers! Bubble gum contains styrene butadiene rubber! Carbohydrates (starches) and proteins are examples of natural polymers!. natural polymers.

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Natural and Synthetic Polymers

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    1. Natural and Synthetic Polymers

    2. Some Natural Polymers in Food… • Gelatin in gummi worms and gummi bears are made from natural polymers! • Bubble gum contains styrene butadiene rubber! • Carbohydrates (starches) and proteins are examples of natural polymers! natural polymers

    3. Polymers are everywhere!!! Polymers at the movies…. Nylon carpet, polyester and acrylic seats, polyester curtains, nylon screen, polyester film strip, waxy polyethylene popcorn tub, starch in popcorn, polystyrene cups, plastic M&M bag, protein in hotdogs, gelatin in gummy bears, paraffin in Junior Mints, sticky stuff on the floor made of soda, butter, Skittles, Milk Duds and more…

    4. Polymerization

    5. Polyethylene (PE) used for: flexible bottles, ice trays, plastic bags

    6. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) used for: pipes, bottles, CD’s, computer housings

    7. Polypropylene (PP) used for: rope, luggage, carpet, film, polar fleece propylene

    8. Polystyrene (PS) used for: toys, packaging, egg cartons, flotation devices, hot cups

    9. Carbohydrates

    10. Proteins are made from 20 Amino Acids

    11. Protein Chain

    12. Lipids

    13. Nucleic Acids

    14. Distillation ApparatusParts

    15. Distillation ApparatusAssembled

    16. Fractional Distillation

    17. Straight Chained Polymer (made up of one type of monomer)

    18. Straight Chained Polymer (made up of more than one type of monomer)

    19. Branched Chain Polymer

    20. Cross Linked Polymers

    21. Cross links add elasticity (memory)

    22. Vulcanizing Rubber to make it more flexible, tougher and temperature resistant and involves adding Sulfur atoms to create cross-links.

    23. Properties of Polymers Properties are determined by the structure of the molecules and depends on: type(s) of monomer(s) used chain length shape of the chain number and type of cross-linking

    24. Stress - Strain Behaviors Tensile Strength - the amount of pulling force placed upon a material before it breaks Abrasion Resistance - toughness of the material against scraping, scuffing or scarring Puncture Resistance - ability of a material to keep moving objects from perforating the surface

    25. Environmental Issues: Concerns: Polymers are made from petroleum and so the problems associated with the acquisition, transport and refining of petroleum products apply to these as well. Petroleum is a non-renewable resource Most polymers are not biodegradable. Burning and heating during cooking of polymers may release toxic chemicals into the atmosphere. Improper disposal of materials can present a hazard to animals (6 pack bindings) Last a long time when disposed of in a landfill, or during ocean dumping.

    26. Environmental Issues: Advantages: Polymers can be easily reused and recycled. They can be used to create numerous unique and useful materials (plastics) some of which have uses for which there is no natural substitute. Chemically inactive, materials stored in plastic are not damaged by their contact with the plastic.