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Maryland Forest Conservation and DNR Forest Service Projects MANTA Noon Seminar. Anne Hairston-Strang, Ph.D. Robert Feldt, Jr. Steven W. Koehn, Director / State Forester Maryland DNR Forest Service November 18, 2008. Forest is the Natural Landcover of Maryland….

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maryland forest conservation and dnr forest service projects manta noon seminar

Maryland Forest Conservation and DNR Forest Service ProjectsMANTA Noon Seminar

Anne Hairston-Strang, Ph.D.

Robert Feldt, Jr.

Steven W. Koehn, Director / State Forester

Maryland DNR Forest Service

November 18, 2008

forest is the natural landcover of maryland
Forest is the Natural Landcover of Maryland…

Multiple Ecological Benefits

  • Nutrient reduction/uptake
  • Stream Bank stabilization
  • Wildlife habitat
  • Flood control
  • Erosion control
  • Water filtration
  • Air filtration
forests provide economic potential
Forests Provide Economic Potential…

Multiple Economic Benefits

  • Forest Industry is the fifth largest industry in the State
    • Largest in western Maryland
    • Second only behind poultry on the Shore
  • Employs approximately 14,000
  • $2.4 billion value added to Maryland’s economy

Anne Hairston-Strang – MD DNR Forest Service

MD DNR Forest Service

forests are imperative to a sustainable society
Forests are Imperative to a Sustainable Society…

Multiple Benefits to Society

  • Shade
  • Open Space
  • Quality of Life
  • Carbon Sequestration
  • Erosion Control
  • Recreation

Tom Darden – MD DNR

forests are important to maryland families
Forests are Important to Maryland Families…

Reasons for Owning:

  • Beauty/Scenery
  • Part of home or cabin
  • To protect nature
  • Privacy
  • Pass land on to heirs

Important Concerns:

  • Trespassing or poaching
  • Insects or plant diseases
  • High property taxes
  • Development of nearby lands
  • Misuse of forest land

Future Intentions of Maryland Forest Landowners

This information is adapted from "Family Forest Owners of the United States, 2006" General

Technical Report NRS-27. USDA Forest Service. 2006.

clearly forests are worth keeping around
Clearly Forests are worth keeping around!

Jack Perdue- DNR Forest Service

insects and disease
Insects and Disease

Current threats:

  • Beech Bark Disease – Garrett County
  • Emerald Ash Borer – Prince George’s & Charles Counties
  • Hemlock Wooly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae) – Statewide
  • Gypsy Moth – Western and Central MD

Imminent Threats:

  • Sirex Wood Wasp (Sirex noctilio Fabricius) Central Pennsylvania and moving south.

USDA Forest Service

David Cappaert, Michigan State University, www.Bugwood.org

David R.Lance, USDA APHIS

weeds and invasive plants
Weeds and Invasive Plants

Britt Slattery – US FWS

  • Difficult to contain and erradicate.
  • Occupies space for tree regeneration.
  • Quickly over-takes native tree species.
  • Less preferred by native animal species as a food source.
  • Noxious weeds include:
    • Canada Thistle
    • Johnsongrass
  • Problem invasive weeds include:
    • Multiflora rose
    • Mile-a-minute
    • Honeysuckle

Norman Rees – USDA ARS

James Miller – US Forest Service

David Kazyak – MD DNR

slide11
Deer

Tom Darden – MD DNR

David Kazyak – Baltimore County, DEPRM

Riley Smith – MD DNR

  • Most problematic in a mixed landscape of agriculture/forest/residential parcels.
  • Over-population causes:
    • Browse of leaves and twigs
    • Damage to trunks with buck rub
    • Preference for desired species of tree regeneration
development
Development
  • The Greatest threat to Maryland’s forests
  • Permanent loss of the resource
  • Greater fragmentation effects
    • Augments the effects of other threats, i.e. Deer, Invasive plants, etc.
    • Small forest patches have less habitat value.
  • A Conservation Fund report finds 31% of forest most valuable to water quality in the Chesapeake Bay watershed is at risk to development.
  • A 10% loss of forest cover could result in a >40% increase in Nitrogen discharge to the Bay – The Conservation Fund, 2006
more forest landowners but smaller forests
More Forest Landowners…but Smaller Forests
  • From 1976 to 1998, a 29% increase in the number of owners
  • Increased fragmentation
  • Fewer workable parcels
  • 85% of forest landowners own 1-9 acre patches.
conserving forests in maryland a strong foundation
Conserving Forests in MarylandA Strong Foundation
  • Forest Conservation Act
  • Chesapeake Bay Critical Area Law
  • Rural Legacy and Program Open Space
  • Donated Easements- Land Trusts
  • MD Agricultural Land Preservation Foundation
  • Forest Legacy

~27% of forest protected from development

priority actions
Priority Actions
  • Ecosystem Markets for incentives to retain forest
    • Bay Bank - Carbon, water quality/supply, wetland, habitat…
    • Diversify & Develop Markets – Wood to Energy & Financing (LILAC, MARBIDCO)
  • Explore Greater Emphasis on Forest Protection
    • POS/Rural Legacy/MALPF Priorities
    • Authorize Local Land Conservation Bond and Tax Initiatives
    • Enhanced Tax Credits for Donated Easements (e.g. MET)
  • Integrate forests in local land use decisions
    • Include Transferable and Purchase of Development Rights programs
    • Emphasize forests in sensitive areas, land protection, and water resources elements of Co. Comprehensive Plans
charles county objectives
Charles County Objectives
  • DNR Forest Service agreed to create a polygon shapefile for the Mattawoman Stream Valley.
  • Update/create a new Resource Protection Zone (RPZ) Polygon shapefile (used later in the models).
  • Perform a Strategic Forest Land Assessment style analysis on Charles County Forests for a number of conservation scenarios.
    • Utilized County GIS Data whenever possible.
forest assessment objectives
Forest Assessment Objectives
  • Provide a Forest Interior Dwelling Species (FIDS) analysis and prioritize patches for conservation.
  • Prioritize forest for conservation on development projects under the Forest Conservation Act (FCA), and areas of non-forest for forest restoration/mitigation projects under FCA.
  • Locate forest for conservation in the Critical Area and prioritize for conservation, and identify non-forest areas in the Critical Area for restoration.
slide21

Forest Assessment Objectives

  • Identify forest essential to drinking water and well head protection and prioritize for conservation or augment non-forest areas
  • Identify and prioritize forest important to water quality for conservation, and areas of non-forest for forest restoration that have potential to improve water quality.
  • Use water quality rules and apply to the Port Tobacco River watershed for conservation and restoration to enhance WRAS.
  • Identify forest for conservation to assist targeting for Charles County’s 50% open space goal.
overview of model processing

Layer Weight

Input Layer (Map)

Total Model Weight

Slopes

For Example: Slopes

Layer Weight (8)

+

Total Model Weight (28)

Landuse

Weighted Layer Multiplier = 0.285714

+

Depth to Water Table

X

0.285714

+

SPARROW

Model Output Layer

10 Meters

Overview of Model Processing
overview of model processing1

Each cell is processed and added to the cell below…

Land use

Steep Slopes

Special Habitat

Forest Blocks

Rural Legacy Areas

Other Data Layers

…and the sum of the cells produces a final score—the output

Model Output

Overview of Model Processing
slide25

Use WHS Forest Interior Dwelling Species (FIDS) Habitat

FIDS Layer; Advised county to download from DNR website.

slide26

Model 1:

Conservation of Forest

For

Forest Conservation Act (FCA) Prioritization

slide27

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for Forest Conservation Act (FCA): Conservation Potential

slide28

Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

Forest Conservation for FCA

Charles County’s RPZ

slide29

Forest Conservation for FCA

Stronghold Watersheds

slide31

Forest Conservation for FCA

MDE High Quality Waters

slide32

Forest Conservation for FCA

Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA)

slide33

Forest Conservation for FCA

Non-tidal Wetlands

slide34

Forest Conservation for FCA

Green Infrastructure

(Preference given to corridors)

slide35

Forest Conservation for FCA

Large Forest Blocks

slide36

Forest Conservation for FCA

Rural Legacy Areas

slide37

Forest Conservation for FCA

Forest Legacy Areas of Need

slide38

Forest Conservation for FCA

Priority Watersheds

slide40

Model 2:

Restoration of Forest

for

Forest Conservation Act (FCA): Restoration/Mitigation Potential

slide41

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for Forest Conservation Act (FCA): Restoration/Mitigation Potential

slide42

Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

Forest Restoration for FCA

Charles County’s RPZ

slide43

Forest Restoration for FCA

Stronghold Watersheds

slide44

Forest Restoration for FCA

Rural Legacy Areas

slide45

Forest Restoration for FCA

Steep Slopes (0ver 15%)

slide46

Forest Restoration for FCA

Adjacency to Green Infrastructure

slide47

Forest Restoration for FCA

Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA)

slide48

Forest Restoration for FCA

Adjacency to Large Forest Patches

slide49

Forest Restoration for FCA

MDE High Quality Waters

slide50

Forest Restoration for FCA

Adjacency to FIDS

Adjacency to High Quality FIDS Habitat

slide51

Forest Restoration for FCA

Priority Watersheds

slide52

Forest Restoration for FCA

Adjacency to FIDS

(Non) Prime Farm Lands

slide53

Forest Restoration for FCA

Forest Legacy Areas of Need

slide55

Forest Restoration for FCA

Non-tidal Wetlands

slide57

Model 3:

Forest Conservation

for the

Critical Area Program

slide58

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for the Critical Area Program:

Conservation Prioritization

slide59

Forest Conservation for CAP

Critical Area Buffer

slide60

Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

Forest Conservation for CAP

Charles County’s RPZ

slide61

Forest Conservation for CAP

100 Foot Buffer of Critical Areas

slide62

Forest Conservation for CAP

Stronghold Watersheds

slide63

Forest Conservation for CAP

Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA)

slide64

Forest Conservation for CAP

Steep Slopes (0ver 15%)

slide65

Forest Conservation for CAP

MDE High Quality Waters

slide66

Forest Conservation for CAP

Colonial Waterbird Nesting Areas (1/4 mile)

slide68

Forest Conservation for CAP

Green Infrastructure

Green Infrastructure

slide71

Forest Conservation for CAP

Bald Eagle Nest Sites (1/4 mile)

slide72

Forest Conservation for CAP

Historic Waterfowl Staging Areas

(300 ft. buffer)

slide74

Model 4:

Forest Restoration

for the

Critical Area Program

slide75

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for the Critical Area Program:

Restoration Prioritization

slide76

Forest Restoration for CAP

Critical Area Buffer

slide77

Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

Forest Restoration for CAP

Charles County’s RPZ

slide78

Forest Restoration for CAP

100 Foot Buffer of Critical Areas

slide79

Forest Restoration for CAP

Stronghold Watersheds

slide80

Forest Restoration for CAP

Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA)

slide81

Forest Restoration for CAP

Steep Slopes (0ver 15%)

slide82

Forest Restoration for CAP

Colonial Waterbird Nesting Areas (1/4 mile)

slide83

Forest Restoration for CAP

MDE High Quality Waters

slide85

Forest Restoration for CAP

Adjacency to FIDS

Adjacency to High Quality FIDS Habitat

slide86

Forest Restoration for CAP

Green Infrastructure

(Preference given to corridors)

slide88

Forest Restoration for CAP

Bald Eagle Nest Sites (1/4 mile)

slide89

Forest Restoration for CAP

Historic Waterfowl Staging Areas

(300 ft. buffer)

slide91

Model 5:

Forest Conservation

for

Water Quality Treatment and Infiltration

Ted Weber – MD DNR

slide92

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for Water Quality and Infiltration:

Conservation Prioritization

slide93

Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

Forest Conservation for Water Quality and Infiltration

Charles County’s RPZ

slide95

Forest Conservation for Water Quality and Infiltration

Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity (KSAT)

slide97

Forest Conservation for Water Quality and Infiltration

High Impervious Surface Cover in Watershed

slide102

Forest Conservation for Water Quality and Infiltration

Watersheds with TMDL’s for Nutrients

slide104

Model 6:

Forest Restoration

for

Water Quality Treatment and Infiltration

Ted Weber – MD DNR

slide105

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for Water Quality and Infiltration:

Restoration Prioritization

slide106

Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

Forest Restoration for Water Quality and Infiltration

Charles County’s RPZ

slide108

Forest Restoration for Water Quality and Infiltration

Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity (KSAT)

slide109

Forest Restoration for Water Quality and Infiltration

High Impervious Surface Cover in Watershed

slide113

Forest Restoration for Water Quality and Infiltration

Watersheds with TMDL’s for Nutrients

slide115

Model 7:

Forest Conservation

For the

Port Tobacco Watershed Restoration Action Strategy

Ted Weber – MD DNR

slide116

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for the Port Tobacco Watershed Restoration Action Strategy (WRAS): Conservation Prioritization

slide117

Forest Conservation for the Port Tobacco WRAS

County Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

slide121

Forest Conservation for the Port Tobacco WRAS

Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity (Ksat)

slide123

Forest Conservation for the Port Tobacco WRAS

Percent of Impervious Surface in the Watershed

slide126

Forest Conservation for the Port Tobacco WRAS

Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDL)

slide129

Model 8:

Forest Restoration

for the

Port Tobacco Watershed Restoration Action Strategy

slide130

Water Quality Protection

Forest Sustainability

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessment for the Port Tobacco Watershed Restoration Action Strategy (WRAS): Conservation Prioritization

slide131

Forest Restoration for the Port Tobacco WRAS

County Resource Protection Zone (RPZ)

slide135

Forest Restoration for the Port Tobacco WRAS

Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity (Ksat)

slide137

Forest Restoration for the Port Tobacco WRAS

Percent of Impervious Surface in the Watershed

slide138

Forest Restoration for the Port Tobacco WRAS

Agriculture in the Watershed > 30%

(Unique to restoration model)

slide139

Forest Restoration for the Port Tobacco WRAS

Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDL)

(For nutrients)

slide142

Model 9:

Forest Conservation

for the

Charles County’s 50% Open Space Goal

slide143

Forest Sustainability

Water Quality Protection

Rural Character & Economies

Habitat Protection

Forest Assessmentfor Charles County’s 50% Open Space Goal

slide146

Forest Conservation for Charles County 50% Open Space Goal

Adjacency to FIDS

(Non) Prime Farm Lands

slide150

Forest Conservation for Charles County 50% Open Space Goal

Green Infrastructure

Green Infrastructure

slide156

Forest Conservation for Charles County 50% Open Space Goal

Areas outside of the County Development District