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Unit Testing with JUnit

Unit Testing with JUnit

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Unit Testing with JUnit

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  1. Unit Testing with JUnit Dan Fleck Spring 2010

  2. What is Unit Testing? • A procedure to validate individual units of Source Code • Example: A procedure, method or class • Validating each individual piece reduces errors when integrating the pieces together later

  3. Automated Unit Tests with JUnit • Junit is a unit testing framework for Java • Allows you to write unit tests in Java using a simple interface • Automated testing enables running and rerunning tests very easily and quickly

  4. An example unit test @Test public void testCellChangePropagates() { Spreadsheet sheet = new Spreadsheet(); sheet.put("A1", "5"); sheet.put("A2", "=A1"); sheet.put("A1", "10"); assertEquals("10",sheet.get("A2")); }

  5. Junit Assert • During a test use Asserts to specify if the test passed or failed • org.junit.Assert – allows you to test if certain ideas hold by asserting results: http://junit.sourceforge.net/javadoc/ • assertEquals(expected, actual) • assertEquals(message, expected, actual) • assertEquals(expected, actual, delta) • assertEquals(message, expected, actual, delta) • assertFalse(condition) • assertFalse(message, condition) • Assert(Not)Null(object) • Assert(Not)Null(message, object) • Assert(Not)Same(expected, actual) • Assert(Not)Same(message, expected, actual) • assertTrue(condition) • assertTrue(message, condition)

  6. Junit Methods – Java annotations • @BeforeClass // Run before all tests in class • public static void setUpClass() throws Exception {} • @AfterClass // Run after all tests in class • public static void tearDownClass() throws Exception {} • @Before // Run before each test in class • public void setUp() {} • @After // Run after each test in class • public void tearDown() {} • @Test • public void testMain() { • http://www.cavdar.net/2008/07/21/junit-4-in-60-seconds/

  7. Junit with Netbeans Note: If this option doesn’t exist use New File->Other->Junit->Test for existing class • New File • Choose file type: Junit • Choose Test for Existing Class • Junit test with all stubs created for that class • Fill in the individual tests • Run Tests (Netbeans options)

  8. Junit Documentation/Tutorials • http://junit.sourceforge.net/ • http://code.google.com/p/t2framework/wiki/JUnitQuickTutorial • http://junit.sourceforge.net/doc/testinfected/testing.htm (older)

  9. Lines of code coverage analysis • Determining which lines of code your tests have exercised and which they have not • Allows you to detect if your unit tests (or system tests) are adequately covering all possibilities or not • This is just one way to test

  10. Lines of code coverage analysis with Netbeans • Install Unit Test Code Coverage Viewer module • (See next slide for instructions) • Write a Unit Test • Run test and view highlighted code

  11. Installing the Code Coverage Plugin • Go into Netbeans -> Tools -> PluginsSearch for "Code Coverage" and install it. • If you don't see it in the list of available plugins, go to the "Settings" tab and check "Netbeans Beta”, reload the catalog, and then try again. • If you don't see Netbeans Beta in the list on Settings, add the following source for plugins:Netbeans Betahttp://updates.netbeans.org/netbeans/updates/6.8/uc/final/beta/catalog.xml.gz

  12. How do you you combine coverage with traditional system test scripts? Traditional system testing uses scripts • 1. Enter salary • 2. Enter number of dependents • 3. Click “Calculate Taxes” button • … To combine this with coverage, launch the GUI while capturing coverage statistics Run the test case to determine coverage

  13. How to write test cases • See sample system test case • http://www.cs.gmu.edu/~kdobolyi/cs421/SAMPLESystemTestCase.doc • See sample unit test case • http://www.cs.gmu.edu/~kdobolyi/cs421/Main.java • http://www.cs.gmu.edu/~kdobolyi/cs421/Triangle.java • http://www.cs.gmu.edu/~kdobolyi/cs421/Triangle.java

  14. Summary • Unit tests can help test the details of your program • Automated unit tests provide constant visibility and easy retesting • Test coverage supplies valuable information when running both unit tests and system tests