meiosis grasshopper predivision nuclei l.
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Meiosis – Grasshopper –predivision nuclei. These two nuclei were stained with Feulgen. Heterochromatin is visible, but chromosomes are not. DNA replication and chromosome duplication have occurred, but the latter will not be seen until later. Meiosis – Very early Prophase 1.

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meiosis grasshopper predivision nuclei
Meiosis – Grasshopper –predivision nuclei
  • These two nuclei were stained with Feulgen. Heterochromatin is visible, but chromosomes are not. DNA replication and chromosome duplication have occurred, but the latter will not be seen until later.
meiosis very early prophase 1
Meiosis – Very early Prophase 1
  • Chromosomes are condensing and so are beginning to become visible as threads.
meiosis early prophase 1
Meiosis – Early Prophase 1
  • Homologous chromosomes have paired. The dark blob at the left is heterochromatin.
meiosis mid prophase 1
Meiosis – Mid Prophase 1
  • Pairing is complete. This is the time that chiasma form, but we cannot see this through the optical microscope.
meiosis late prophase 1
Meiosis – Late Prophase 1
  • The attraction between the homologous chromosomes has given way to repulsion. Chiasmata and the result of chromosome duplication are clear.
meiosis late prophase 1 another picture
Meiosis – Late Prophase 1 Another picture
  • The attraction between the homologous chromosomes has given way to repulsion. Chiasmata and the result of chromosome duplication are clear.
meiosis metaphase 1
Meiosis – Metaphase 1
  • The spindle has formed (it has not been stained), the chromosomes have attached to spindle fibers and are now aligned with the centromeres of the paired homologues on opposite side of the metaphase plate.
meiosis anaphase 1
Meiosis – Anaphase 1
  • The homologous pairs of chromosomes are now separating from each other, moving to opposite poles of the spindle.
meiosis late anaphase 1
Meiosis – Late Anaphase 1
  • Homologous chromosomes are fully separated. Products of chromosome duplication and crossing over have stayed together. There are 9 duplicated chromosomes at left, 8 at the right.
meiosis very late anaphase 1
Meiosis – Very Late Anaphase 1
  • The heterochromatic X-chromosome appears fainter at the top of the right group.
meiosis metaphase 2
Meiosis – Metaphase 2
  • Polar view of chromo-somes arranged approximately in a circle. Chomosomes with a centromere near the middle appear to have 4 arms, while those with terminal centromeres have only 2 arms.
meiosis metaphase 212
Meiosis- Metaphase 2
  • Equatorial view, including the X-chromosome
meiosis anaphase 2
Meiosis – Anaphase 2
  • Eight separating from eight. Thus there is no X-chromosome here.