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Section 3: Life During Wartime. African-Americans. 10\% of the Union Army Killed if caught Many left for North Sabotaged farms or led uprisings. Regiment’s leaders. All black army regiments were lead by white officers

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african americans
African-Americans
  • 10% of the Union Army
  • Killed if caught
  • Many left for North
  • Sabotaged farms or led uprisings
regiment s leaders
Regiment’s leaders
  • All black army regiments were lead by white officers
  • Colonel Robert Gould Shaw became leader of the 54th Massachusetts in March 1863
  • Recruited men throughout Boston
    • Overwhelming positive response
    • Mainly educated, free black men
southern reaction
Southern Reaction
  • Jefferson Davis issues proclamation
    • All African American soldiers and any white officer leading them should be punished by death
tension within regiment
Tension within Regiment
  • Black soldiers were being paid $10 per month
    • Then $3 was withheld for clothing
    • This was NOT withheld from white soldiers
  • Many members of the 54th Massachusetts frequently refused their pay in protest of the inequality
notable fighting
Notable Fighting
  • Fort Wagner (July 18, 1863)
    • Charleston, SC
    • 272 casualties
    • Colonel Shaw killed in action
    • Union unable to take over the fort
legacy
Legacy
  • Word of the regiment’s bravery at Fort Wagner inspires black men to join the army
  • Lessens racial tension in the north
  • Colonel Shaw is buried with his men, all black, at Fort Wagner
  • William Harvey Carney awarded Medal of Honor
southern economy
Southern Economy
  • Soldiers faced food shortage
    • Drain of manpower into the army
    • Union occupation of farms
    • Loss of slaves
  • Blockade created shortages of salt, coffee, nails, sugar, needles and medicine
northern economy
Northern Economy
  • Industry boomed to keep up with war demand
  • Wages were NOT good
  • Women replaced men in the workforce
  • Established temporary national income tax
soldiers
Soldiers
  • Hygiene was poor
    • Lice, dysentery and diarrhea
  • Poor food rations
prisons
Prisons
  • Andersonville, GA – Confederate camp
    • Overcrowded with the North refused to return African-American soldiers
    • No shelter
    • Drank from streams/sewer
  • Northern camps were cold and soldiers malnourished
  • http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/videos/andersonville_prison
african americans1
African-Americans
  • ____________________
  • Killed if caught
  • Many left ___________
  • ________________or led uprisings
regiment s leaders1
Regiment’s leaders
  • All black army regiments were lead by ____________
  • ____________________became leader of the 54th Massachusetts in March 1863
  • Recruited men throughout Boston
    • Overwhelming positive response
    • Mainly ____________________________
southern reaction1
Southern Reaction
  • Jefferson Davis issues proclamation
    • All African American soldiers and any white officer leading ________________________________
tension within regiment1
Tension within Regiment
  • Black soldiers were being paid $10 per month
    • Then _______________
    • This was _________ from white soldiers
  • Many members of the 54th Massachusetts frequently _________________________________________________________
notable fighting1
Notable Fighting
  • Fort Wagner (July 18, 1863)
    • Charleston, SC
    • __________________
    • Colonel Shaw killed in action
    • ______________to take over the fort
legacy1
Legacy
  • Word of the regiment’s bravery at Fort Wagner inspires _______________________
  • Lessens racial ________________________
  • _____________________, all black, at Fort Wagner
  • William Harvey Carney awarded _______________________________
southern economy1
Southern Economy
  • Soldiers faced food shortage
    • ________________into the army
    • Union occupation ___________
    • Loss of ____________
  • Blockade created shortages of ____________________________________________________
northern economy1
Northern Economy
  • Industry boomed to keep up with war demand
  • Wages were NOT good
  • ______________men in the workforce
  • Established temporary national ________________
soldiers1
Soldiers
  • Hygiene was poor
    • __________________________
  • Poor food rations
  • Wounds usually led to amputation and death
prisons1
Prisons
  • Andersonville, GA – Confederate camp
    • ______________________________________________________
    • No shelter
    • Drank from ________________
  • Northern camps were cold and soldiers malnourished
  • http://www.gpb.org/georgiastories/videos/andersonville_prison
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