sentences that give an explanation n.
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Sentences that give an explanation . Relative clauses. Who, whose, which, that, where, when. The man ___________ helped the children was a fireman. The wave _____________ saved me threw the carriage to a higher ground I remembered everything ___________ I needed to stay calm.

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who whose which that where when
Who, whose, which, that, where, when
  • The man ___________ helped the children was a fireman.
  • The wave _____________ saved me threw the carriage to a higher ground
  • I remembered everything ___________ I needed to stay calm.
  • I will always remember the year _________ I visited Australia.
  • Death Valley is a desert ______________ many people have died due to the extremely high temperatures.
  • The families ______________ children died in last year’s earthquake will never recover from the trauma.
more details about relative clauses and pronouns
More details about relative clauses and pronouns
  • The relative pronoun can be omitted when it’s not the subject of the relative clause:
      • The girl (who) I saw yesterday was my ex-girlfriend.
      • The exercises (which) our teacher gave us are very difficult.
  • Non-defining: they are separated with commas. They give some dispensable information. They don’t admit “that” or any omission.
      • That boy, who I met the other night, is very strange.
      • This country, about which our teacher has told us a lot, sounds really interesting.
rephrasing application
REPHRASING APPLICATION
  • Wewillalwaysfindtwojuxtaposedsentences, separatedby a full stop:
    • “I met a womantheotherday. I didn’trecogniseher.”
  • Wemustidentifythetwoelementswhich are repeated in bothsentences:
    • “I meta womantheotherday. I didn’trecogniseher.”
  • Accordingtothereference, wemust use oneoranotherrelativepronoun.
    • I met a womanwho I didn’trecognisetheotherday.
  • Whenwefind a possessive in thesecondsentence,wemustrememberto use “whose”.
    • “Thewomanhad a nervousbreakdown. Herhousewasvandalized.”
    • “Thewomanwhosehousewasvandalizedhad a nervousbreakdown.”