Conversational Tiv Sometimes a single word in Tiv may mean a long statement, phrase or sentence. In most cases, these are commands. For example:
+Examples of Commands and Statements or Phrases • hide = come back • due = get out Expalmations • Doo ga! It's bad! or Too good • Doo je kera doo gaTerrific • Uwu! In a surprised tone • Kpash! When disgusted • Aye! In a sorrowful manner (Sometimes • in a pleasantly surprised manner) • AdangeragburUnbelievably full (of water) • Ayaka (ka mku)! Surprised (at a loss) (symphathetic, consoling gesture)
Greetings • U nderve? Good morning (Are you awake?) • En, We kpa u nderve? Yes, You also good morning • U ndernena? How are you? (How did you wake up?) • M nderdedoI am fine (I woke up well) • Wan woungunena? How is your child? • Wan wamngudedoMy child is fine • Mbayevoumbanena? How are your children? • MbayevavmbadedoMy children are well • Ngoungunena? How is your mother? • NgômngudedoMy mother is well
More Greetings • U pandeve? Good evening • (Did you take away—as • in part of the day?) • U pandenena? How are you (in the evening)? • M pandededo, I am well, what about you? • we kpaaga?Sesugh, Yadoo, man • Terngu mbanena?How are Sesugh, Yadoo, and Terngu? • Veciimbadedo.They are all well.
Some More Greetings • M sughkpishi (M sughgbing) Thank you very much • M sugh tom Well done (Greetings when someone is working) • Kumamemen It is time to rest • M soo u memenga I don't want to rest • Vayakwaghyan Come (and) eat food
Asking Questions • When you arrive in Tivland, Nigeria, people will ask you questions and you too would like to ask them questions. Study and practice how questions are asked and how to answer them. • 1. HANA = WHERE • 2. ANA, AN = WHO • 3. NYI = WHAT • 4. SHA ACI U NYI = WHY • 5. NENA = HOW • Examine the following examples.
Practice asking questionsThe word ka is important in asking questions or making statements. It is used like is in English • Ihungwangihana? Where is the lavatory? (Lit. The pit is where?) • Ka ana? Who is it? • Ka mo, Terna It's me, Terna • Ishena ka nena? How much is it? • Ka han ma shie ne vanyere? When did you arrive? • Se vanyertugh. We arrived at night • Ka nyii ere? What happened? • Ka nyiiluerene? What is happening? • Kwaghyan bee ve? Is the food ready? • Kwaghyan doo kpishi The food is very good (delicious) • Ka nyikwagh(a)? What is it?Ka kwaghga It's nothing
More Sentence Build-up • U nguzanhana? Where are you going? • M nguzankasua I am going to the market • U hide ve? Welcome (Lit.: Are you back?) • U za yam nyi? What did you buy? • M yam wua, temato, man mkurem I bought Guinea corn, tomatoes, and oil • Ka han Mr. Ami a lu? Where is Mr. Ami? • Mr. Ami yar tom Mr. Ami has gone to work • U yam ishushanyi? For how much did you buy the fish?
Isheiishu (la) ka nena? What is the cost of the fish? • M yam ishusha naira pue. I bought the fish for ten naira • Inyanbuataverishegande Beef is too expensive • Takzingukpa? Is there taxi cab? • Takzitaverishe u toon The cab is expensive take • M soo u nyanden I want to urinate (pee) • U yakwaghyana? Would you like to eat (food)? • Ka nyi u soo? What would you want? • Ka nyi u soo? What do you want? • M sooruamkumen I want pounded yam food • M sooayaba I want bananas • M soo u yaninyamtoho. I want to eat bush meat