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Tensions Increase. The Cold War (1950-1970). The Chinese Civil War (1946-1949). Following World War II and the removal of the Japanese from China, China fell into a civil war between two major groups: the Nationalists and the Communists. Who won? What was the end result?. The Communists

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Tensions increase

Tensions Increase

The Cold War (1950-1970)


The chinese civil war 1946 1949
The Chinese Civil War (1946-1949)

  • Following World War II and the removal of the Japanese from China, China fell into a civil war between two major groups: the Nationalists and the Communists.


Who won what was the end result
Who won? What was the end result?

  • The Communists

  • We now have two Chinas in the world:

    • The People’s Republic of China controlled by the communists

      • Supported by the USSR

    • Taiwan controlled by the nationalists

      • Supported by the USA


Processing
Processing

  • What do you feel would be the feelings of the US as a result of this event?


Communist china post civil war 1949 1958
Communist China Post Civil War (1949-1958)

  • Leader of the County: Mao Zedong

  • Expansionist Goals for the country:

    • Communist China takes over parts of Mongolia, Tibet, India, and Korea (the north)


Life in communist china
Life in Communist China

  • Economy:

    • Like USSR-the government ruled the economy

      • A socialist or command economy

  • Economic reforms:

    • Mao took back the land and redistributed it to form communes (large collective farms)

    • No more private companies—all government controlled

    • These reforms worked!


Lifestyle
Lifestyle

  • Women were given equal rights

  • Childcare given to all


1958 1961
1958-1961

  • Totalitarian control

    • People owned nothing

  • 1960: The relationship between the USSR and China ended

    • They shared a large border

    • Both nations wanted to lead the Communist Revolution

  • Mao took a step back and let others lead the party in China

    • The government relaxes without Mao


Communism without mao
Communism without Mao

  • Mao learned about this and started another revolution in 1966

  • Goal: use young people to lead the revolution

    • Formed small units called Red Guards

  • The Red Guard began a Cultural Revolution

    • Major Idea of the CR: “A hero works with their hands.”