lessons learned from past notable disasters part iii d china landslides n.
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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART III D: CHINA LANDSLIDES PowerPoint Presentation
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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART III D: CHINA LANDSLIDES. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA . NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE CHINA’S COMMUNITIES AT RISK. FLOODS. GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE. TYPHOONS. EARTHQUAKES.

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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART III D: CHINA LANDSLIDES


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    1. LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART III D: CHINALANDSLIDES Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA 

    2. NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE CHINA’S COMMUNITIES AT RISK FLOODS GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE TYPHOONS EARTHQUAKES ENACT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES HAVING HIGH BENEFIT/COST FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE LANDSLIDESS DROUGHT EPISODES GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

    3. LANDSLIDE HAZARDS • BLDG. INVENTORY • VULNERABILITY • LOCATION • PREPAREDNESS • PROTECTION • EARLY WARNING • EMERGENCY RESPONSE • RECOVERY and • RECONSTRUCTION LANDSLIDE RISK POLICY OPTIONS ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK GOAL: LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE CHINA’S COMMUNITIES DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

    4. RISK ASSESSMENT • VULNERABILITY • EXPOSURE • EVENT • COST • BENEFIT LAND-SLIDES EXPECTED LOSS POLICY ADOPTION • CONSEQUENCES POLICY ASSESSMENT TOWARDS LANDSLIDE DISASTER RESILIENCE

    5. MAP OF CHINA’S PROVINCES

    6. LANDSLIDES LARGE VOLUME LANDSLIDES OCCUR IN ASSOCIATION WITH AN EARTHQUAKE’S GROUND SHAKING OR A TYPHOON’S RAINFALL

    7. M8.0 BEICHUAN EARTHQUAKE GENERATED LARGE VOLUME LANDLIDES 2:30 PM LOCAL TIME MAY 12, 2008

    8. BEICHUAN, CHINA EARTHQUAKE: MAY 12, 2008

    9. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EARTHQUAKE • Epicenter was located 100 km (60 miles) from Chengdu, the provincial capital, which is on edge of the Tibetan foothills and home to about 10 million people. • This earthquake occurred on a well known fault zone, which has generated destructive earthquakes in the past (e.g., on 25 August 1933).

    10. CHANGDU, 100 KM FROM EPICENTER

    11. COMPARISON WITH 1976 TANGSHAN EARTHQUAKE • The Beichuan earthquake was more than 2 x larger than the July 28,1976 Tangshan earthquake, which caused 255,000+ deaths.

    12. EMERGENCY RESOURCES • More than 20,000 military personnel were ordered immediately to assist in high-damage areas. • The number was increased substantially to deal with the “earthquake lakes.”

    13. SOCIETAL IMPACTS OF THE LANDSLIDES • Some roads were impassable because of landslides, which hindered search and rescue,--- • but, worst of all, 69 unique “earthquake lakes” were created by the landslides in mountainous regions.

    14. CAUSES OF DAMAGE SITING AND BUILDING ON UNSTABLE SLOPES SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO FALLS SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO TOPPLES SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO SPREADS LANDSLIDES SOIL AND ROCK SUSCEPTIBLE TO FLOWS CASE HISTORIES PRECIPITATION THAT TRIGGERS SLOPE FAILURE SHAKING GROUND SHAKING THAT TRIGGERS SLOPE FAILURE

    15. LANDSLIDE: JINGXIU

    16. LANDSLIDE: HANWANG

    17. LANDSLIDE: MIANZHU

    18. 69 EARTHQUAKE LAKES Created by the quake-induced landslides

    19. ONE OF 69 "QUAKE LAKES": BEI HE RIVER DAMMED BY LANDSLIDE DEBRIS

    20. DAYS 14-17: CHINA EARTHQUAKE SURVIVORS NOW HAVING TO COPE WITH THREAT OF FLOODS FROM 69EARTHQUAKE LAKES

    21. Sixty-nine “Quake Lakes” created in mountainous areas by the debris from landslides appeared ready to burst their banks, and continuing rainfall was exacerbating the threat. DAYS 14-17: GOVERNMENT MAKES RISK REDUCTION ON 69 "QUAKE LAKES" A TOP PRIORITY

    22. $29 million in emergency funds and increased military resources were allocated for the priority effort.

    23. Authorities announced plans to evacuate more than a million people in anticipation of failure of the rock-and-mud embankments. DAYS 14-17: GOVERNMENT PLANS EVACUATIONS TO REDUCE RISK IF A "QUAKE LAKE" SHOULD BURST

    24. EVACUATION CHALLENGE Evacuation would have to be accomplished within one to four hours, the time for the wall of water to reach and inundate scores of cities and rural villages that were already devastated.

    25. BEICHUAN: 3.3 KM (2 MI) DOWN-STREAM FROM A "QUAKE LAKE"

    26. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL NATURAL HAZARDS • CAPACITY FOR INTELLIGENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

    27. FLEEING POSSIBLE FLOODING

    28. EVACUATIONS TO ESCAPE FLOODING THREAT

    29. EVACUATING

    30. EVERYONE GOES

    31. THIRTY GIANT EARTHMOVERS FLOWN IN to QUAKE LAKES

    32. SOLDIERS dispatched to CREATe DIVERSION CHANNELS

    33. goal:A DIVERSION CHANNEL IN FIVE DAYS OR LESS

    34. EVERY HOUR IS IMPORTANT

    35. TANGJIASHAN, LARGEST OF 69 "QUAKE LAKES"

    36. RISING WATER IN TANGJIASHAN CAUSES EVACUATION OF YULI, MAY 31

    37. NO DAMAGE TO THREE GORGES DAM:1,000 KM AWAY

    38. SOLDIERS REPAIR CRACKS IN ZIPINGPU DAM:DUJIANGYAN

    39. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL NATURAL HAZARDS • CAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTIONIS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.