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Alabama High School Graduation Exam Social Studies Vocabulary Review Chapter 9. The Great Depression and W orId War II-. Munich Conference –.

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where the British prime minister and the French premier met to attempt to avoid war through a policy of appeasement, or giving in to Hitler's demands. Here, they ignored Stalin's offer of military aid to Czechoslovakia and agreed to Hitler's capture of the Sudetenland. In exchange, Hitler promised to claim no further land in Czechoslovakia or anywhere else.

pearl harbor surprise attack on this military base that brought the united states into world war ii

Pearl Harbor - surprise attack on this military base that brought the United States into World War II

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National Socialists (Nazis) - this party's leader, Adolf Hitler, preached a message of racist fascism. He claimed that the so called Aryan race (Caucasian people of non Jewish descent) was superior and deserved to conquer other nations.

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was elected president during a time of economic prosperity and received all of the blame when the economy was thrown into a depression

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ran for president in 1932 emphasizing concern for "the forgotten man" and promising "a new deal for the American people." He was enthusiastically optimistic, and people believed in him; he won by a landslide.

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came to power in Italy through the people's fear of communism; he called his political ideas "fascism." Mussolini put his ideas into action by banning all political parties, except for the Fascist party, abolishing labor unions, forbidding strikes, and silencing political opponents. By eliminating all opposition, he stopped any communist threat.

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forced many peasants from their own land to work on collective farms in order to produce enough food for Russia to feed its people. In an effort to industrialize the nation, he sent others to work in factories. Stalin's efforts failed, and the Soviet Union produced even less food, leading to a period of famine. Even so, Stalin held onto his power with brutal violence.

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communities of tents and shacks built outside the cities by people coming to cities to look for work. In all areas oflife, the nation's people blamed Hoover for the economic depression.

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A series of federal policies and programs instituted by F.D. Roosevelt with the help of Congress. These policies and programs were to boost the economy and put unemployed people to work. It was based on three R's: relief, recovery, andreform.

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established by Congress to provide jobs for unskilled workers. At one time, the WPA employed one third of the unemployed of the nation (3.2 million people). The WPA constructed many government buildings during the 1930's.

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the most expensive and profitable production of the 1930' s; this movie let people forget their lives and follow the story of love and loss across the war ravaged South during the Civil War.

f d roosevelt s broadcasts in which he spoke directly to the nation in order to bypass the press

F.D. Roosevelt's broadcasts in which he spoke directly to the nation in order to bypass the press.

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Blitzkrieg -literally means "lightning war," Hitler used joint forces of armored tanks and bombers to achieve this.

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Under Executive Order 9066, the United States military forced 110,000 Japanese Americans from their homes and placed them on federal land, including deserts and in swamp, in the

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Between 1933 and 1936, the land between the Dakotas and Texas received little rain. Because farmers did not know about stopping soil erosion, wind pick up this dry, loosened soil and spread it across the nation. Huge dust storms blew the precious topsoil away. Farmers refer to this experience and this land as the Dust Bowl.