islam after muhammad s death
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Islam After Muhammad’s Death

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Islam After Muhammad’s Death . Vocabulary. Caliph Shi’a /Shiite Sunni. Leave 2-4 blank lines next to each of these terms (We’ll define them later). Skimming a reading passage. You don’t need to copy this down in your notes. Purpose of Skimming & How-to:.

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  • Caliph
  • Shi’a/Shiite
  • Sunni

Leave 2-4 blank lines next to each of these terms (We’ll define them later)

skimming a reading passage
Skimming a reading passage

You don’t need to copy this down in your notes

purpose of skimming how to
Purpose of Skimming & How-to:
  • Purpose: to get the main ideas of a passage without reading through the entire thing
  • How to skim:
    • Read the first and/or last sentence of every paragraph (For a longer reading passage, also read through the first & last paragraphs of the passage)
    • Look at headings, maps, & charts as you read
    • Pay attention to any underlined or bold words
practice with pp 100 101 textbook
Practice with pp. 100-101 (textbook)


Skim through pages 100-101 of your textbook.

Be able to answer the following questions:

What is a Caliph?

Why were the Muslims successful?

What was Muslim rule like?

practice with pp 100 101 book
Practice with pp. 100-101 (book)
  • What is a Caliph?
    • Title that means “successor” (of Muhammad)
  • Why were the Muslims successful?
    • Their armies were disciplined and they had skilled leaders
    • Byzantine & Persian empires tired from fighting each other
  • What was Muslim rule like?
    • Blending of cultures
    • Jews Christians got special treatment but couldn’t convert others
after the first 4 caliphs
After the first 4 caliphs…
  • Umayyadfamily took power after death of Ali (Muhammad’s cousin & son-in-law)
    • Founded Umayyad dynasty (we’ll hear more about them later)
    • Moved capital from Medina to Damascus
  • Umayyads’ actions dividing Islam
    • Some Arabs unhappy with new capital (too far)
    • Others thought Umayyads abandoned earlier Bedouin ways & too concerned with luxury
sunni shiite
Sunni & Shiite
  • Sunnis
    • Followed Umayyads & accepted rule of elected caliphs b/c they wanted peace
  • Shiites
    • Rejected Umayyads & thought caliph should always be related to Muhammad by blood
    • Ali was the last true caliph
  • Both Sunnis & Shiites read & followed the Qur’an & Sunnah