Topic 3 – Pacific Asian Economy and Society. A – The Social Landscape B – Pacific Asian Development. A. The Social Landscape. 1. Religions What are the major religions of Pacific Asia? 2. Rice What is the economic and cultural importance of rice? 3. Demography
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A – The Social Landscape
B – Pacific Asian Development
What are the major religions of Pacific Asia?
What is the economic and cultural importance of rice?
What are the major demographic characteristics and issues of the region?
4. Social Problems
What are the major regional social problems?
What is the extent of urbanization?
Irregular water flow; discrepancies in rice cultivation.
Storage and distribution of surpluses. Irrigation canals, reservoirs and terrace paddy fields.
East Asia: Coastal plains. Ethnic homogeneity.
Southeast Asia: Separation of communities by mountain ranges. Ethnic diversity.
Minorities often living in higher and less fertile locations.
Very high density; wet rice cultivation. Limited ecumene (continuously settled area).
Distribution along river deltas and irrigated areas.
High infant mortality rate
Preference for sons
Support for population growth
More labor for rice production
Wet rice agriculture
Dominant ethnic group
Related to societies where gender inequality prevails (religious and social causes).
Natural increase (ongoing demographic transition).
Rural to urban migration.
Modernization and globalization.
1. From Ashes to Riches
How does Pacific Asia compares economically with other regions of the world, now and then?
2. Development Factors
What were the major reasons behind the success of many Pacific Asian countries?
3. Development Problems
What are some specific development problems the region is facing?
China, Malay., Thai., Indo.
China joins WTO
Closing of the Discount Window
$13,562 billions(Sept. 2010)