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Present Time. Dragana Filipovic. What is correct?. I am staying / stay at the Imperial Hotel till they get my flat ready. The River Amazon flows / is flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. Buying a house nowadays becomes / is becoming more and more expensive all the time.

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present time

Present Time

Dragana Filipovic

what is correct
What is correct?
  • I am staying / stay at the Imperial Hotel till they get my flat ready.
  • The River Amazon flows / is flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.
slide3
Buying a house nowadays becomes / is becoming more and more expensive all the time.
  • We haven’t decided yet, but we think / are thinking of moving house.
  • Whether we play on Saturday is depending / depends on the weather.
correct answers
Correct answers
  • I am staying / stay at the Imperial Hotel till they get my flat ready.
  • The River Amazon flows / is flowing into the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Buying a house nowadays becomes / is becoming more and more expensive all the time.
  • We haven’t decided yet, but we think / are thinkingof moving house.
  • Whether we play on Saturday is depending / depends on the weather.
the present simple tense forms
I work …

He works …

Do I work … ?

Does he work … ?

I don’twork …

He doesn’twork …

I watch …

He watches …

Do I watch … ?

Does he watch … ?

I don’twatch …

He doesn’twatch …

The Present Simple Tense - Forms
3 rd person singular spelling
3rd person singular - spelling
  • -s / -es
    • Infinitive + s: gets, works, lives
    • ss, sh, ch, x, o + es: passes, watches, goes
    • Vowel + y + s: stays, plays, pays
    • Consonant + y  i + es: cry – cries, fly – flies, terrify - terrifies
what s the 3 rd person singular
weigh

push

sneeze

glorify

annoy

kiss

deny

marry

weighs

pushes

sneezes

glorifies

annoys

kisses

denies

marries

What’s the 3rd person singular?
the present simple tense is used to describe
The Present Simple Tenseis used to describe:
  • Facts which are always true – general truths, e.g. facts in science and geographical descriptions
    • The light from the Sun takes8 mins 20 secs to reach the Earth.
    • The River Po flows into the Adriatic Sea.
    • Matter consists of small particles.
the present simple tense is used to describe1
The Present Simple Tenseis used to describe:
  • Habitual actions. A frequency adverb is often used.
    • I usuallytake bus to work.
    • I use my mobile phone every day.
  • Permanent situations.
    • I live in a flat.
    • She works for an insurance company.
the present simple tense is used for
The Present Simple Tenseis used for:
  • Plot summaries (films, books), sports commentaries and historical tables.
    • Our hero goes off to search for the treasure, which he eventually finds after many adventures.
    • Zigic passes to Kezman… and Kezman scores!
    • 1789. The French Revolution begins.
the present simple tense is used for1
The Present Simple Tenseis used for:
  • Timetables / programmes (future meaning)
    • The match finishes at 8.45.
    • The plane leaves at 9.15.
write 8 sentences in present simple using the following verbs
weigh

push

sneeze

glorify

annoy

kiss

deny

marry

Write 8 sentences in Present Simple using the following verbs:
mini contexts
Mini-contexts
  • a) Complete the dialogue.

John:_________ usually ___ at Christmas?

Dave:I normally go to my parents’ house.

Is Dave talking about

  • one specific Christmas?
  • Christmas holiday in general?
slide14
a) Which machine are they talking about?

    

b) Complete the dialogue.

Alan: _______________________

Jill:Well, you press the eject button and then you put the tape in. Then you press the start and record button at the same time.

slide15
What is the missing word?

A:Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me. I want to go to Brighton on Saturday and I want to arrive about midday.

B:About midday? There’s a slow train that _____ at 10.00. It gets in at 11.45.

slide16
Put the words in the correct order.

travels about 107,000 The

at an Earth km hour

does this suggest a temporary or a permanent address
Does this suggest a temporary or a permanent address?

THE AUTHOR: Josceline lives in London with her husband, journalist and broadcaster David Dimbleby, and their three children.

slide18
… Manchester City once more. Baker plays it up the line for Tolmey. Tolmey fires a shot but it’s deflected. Keagan tries to pass it out to Beardsley but doesn’t succeed…

a) Who is speaking?

b) Who is he/she speaking to?

c) Why is he/she speaking?

slide19
TheGuardian

Australia mourns

Australia is holding a weekend of national mourning for the 70 victims of the bush fires. An appeal has been launched for 8,000 others left homeless. Page 6.

a) What is The Guardian?

b) What are the underlined tenses?

c) They refer to the same event; why are two tenses used?

slide20
Two boys die on mountain

By a Staff Reporter

Two boys believed to be from London died and seven others were injured in the Snowdonia mountain range yesterday. The boys were roped together when one fell …

d) What are the underlined tenses?

e) They refer to the same event; why are two tenses used?

slide21
8. a)

Dave:Peter tells me you start your holidays

on Saturday.

John:That’s right. We’re going to Venice

for a week.

Does the verb tells refer to

  • the time Dave is speaking?
  • the recent past?
  • the distant past?

b) Is the trip already booked?

slide22
Rose: Don’t forget to send me a

postcard when you get there.

Andy: No, of course not. I’ll send you a

card of the Eiffel Tower as soon

as I arrive.

Do the underlined

parts refer to the

present or

the future?

slide23
b) Complete the missing letters of other conjunctions which we can use here.

c) What tenses can we use here?

 

slide24
Amy: John, have you heard the one about the swimming pool?

John: No.

Amy: Well, there’s this man in a swimming pool and he goes to the top of the diving board and he’s just about to dive off when an attendant comes rushing along and says, ‘There’s no water in the pool.’ ‘That’s alright,’ says the man. ‘I can’t swim anyway!’

  • What does ‘the one’ refer to?
  • Are there any past tenses in the story? If so, what are they? If not, why not?
verb ing
VERB + ing

listen + ing = listening

die (-iey) + ing = dying

write + ing = writing

hop + p + ing = hopping

travel + l + ing = travelling

make ing forms of each verb given
begin

rub

listen

lie

swim

study

happen

get

use

admit

try

decide

come

put

Make –ing forms of each verb given.
ing forms
beginning

rubbing

listening

lying

swimming

studying

happening

getting

using

admitting

trying

deciding

coming

putting

–ing forms
the present continuous tense is used for
The Present Continuous Tense is used for
  • Actions which are happening at or around the moment of speaking.
    • I’mdoing the washing up.
    • Just now I’mwaiting to do my military service.
    • She is working very hard nowadays.
the present continuous tense is used for1
The Present Continuous Tense is used for
  • Temporary situations.
    • At the moment we’resending all the mail by courier, because the Post Office is on strike.
    • I’mstaying with a friend at the moment.
the present continuous tense is used for2
The Present Continuous Tense is used for
  • Annoying habits. A frequency adverb is necessary (always).
  • You arealwaysborrowing money from me!
  • He isalwayscomplaining that waiters are rude.
the present continuous tense is used for3
The Present Continuous Tense is used for
  • A repeated temporary event. A time expression is necessary.
  • Whenever I see Tom he’ssmoking.
  • You’remaking the same mistake again!
the present continuous tense is used for4
The Present Continuous Tense is used for
  • Changing or developing situations.
  • His English is getting better.
  • It’sgetting colder.
  • Fixed arrangements in the near future.
  • They are getting married next week.
choose the most suitable tense
Choose the most suitable tense
  • What sort of work do you do / are youdoing?
  • I can’t talk now. I cook / I’m cooking the dinner.
  • What shall we have? Do you like / Areyou liking fish?
  • Can I borrow this tape recorder? Or do you use / are you using it?
answers
Answers
  • What sort of work do you do ?
  • I can’t talk now. I I’m cooking the dinner.
  • What shall we have? Do you like fish?
  • Can I borrow this tape recorder? Or are you using it?
slide37
What do the people here do / are the people here doing in the evenings?
  • Follow that bus. Then you turn / you are turning left.
  • A lot of people think that the Sun goes / is going around the Earth.
  • Excuse me, do you read / are you reading your newspaper? Can I borrow it?
answers1
Answers
  • What do the people here do in the evenings?
  • Follow that bus. Then you turn left.
  • A lot of people think that the Sun goes around the Earth.
  • Excuse me, are you reading your newspaper? Can I borrow it?
slide39
Do you wait / Are you waiting for the bus to Newcastle?
  • Andy builds / is building his own house in the country.
  • I’m sleeping / sleep on Nigel’s sofa until I find a place of my own.
  • I’monly working / only work there for a couple of months because I’m going abroad in the summer.
  • You make / are making goulash using meat, vegetables and paprika.
answers2
Answers
  • Are you waiting for the bus to Newcastle?
  • Andy building his own house in the country.
  • I’m sleeping on Nigel’s sofa until I find a place of my own.
  • I’monly working there for a couple of months because I’m going abroad in the summer.
  • You make goulash using meat, vegetables and paprika.
stative or state verbs
Stative or ‘State’ Verbs

Verbs describing a permanent state do not normally have continuous forms.

  • Verbs of the senses: see, hear, smell, feel, taste …
  • Verbs of opinion: agree, believe, consider…
slide42
Verbs of emotion: feel, forgive, hate, like, love…
  • Other verbs: appear (=seem), be, belong, consist (of), contain, fit (=be the right shape and size for sth), have (=possess), know, look (=appear), need,prefer, require, want, weigh, wish…
complete the sentences using the present simple or the present continuous of the verbs in brackets
Complete the sentences using the Present Simple or the Present Continuous of the verbs in brackets.
slide49
My sister ___ (wait) patiently for her exam results.
  • We __ (not travel) by train very often.
slide50
My sister iswaiting patiently for her exam results.
  • We don’t travel by train very often.
slide51
I __ (consider) accepting that job in Crete.
  • The film __ (end) with a dramatic car chase.
slide52
I’mconsidering accepting that job in Crete.
  • The film ends with a dramatic car chase.
slide53
I’m sorry, I __ (feel) too tired to go out this evening.
  • I can’t answer the phone. I __ (have) a bath.
slide54
I’m sorry, I’mfeeling / feel too tired to go out this evening.
  • I can’t answer the phone. I’mhaving a bath.
slide55
__ you __ (see) much of your brother these days?
  • We __ (rely) on you to bring the keys with you.
slide56
Do you see much of your brother these days?
  • We are relying / rely on you to bring the keys with you.
slide57
I __ (wish) people didn’t smoke in restaurants.
  • Who __ you __ (think) you are, speaking to me like that!
slide58
I wish people didn’t smoke in restaurants.
  • Who do you think you are, speaking to me like that!