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Major Overland Routes. By Marlana Quaill. Trails in the 1800s. Trails helped travel become easier and more efficient. Trails were used by farmers, ranchers, miners, and business men. They were used for migration to the Pacific North-West and to establish new farms and businesses.

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major overland routes

Major Overland Routes

By MarlanaQuaill

trails in the 1800s
Trails in the 1800s
  • Trails helped travel become easier and more efficient.
  • Trails were used by farmers, ranchers, miners, and business men.
  • They were used for migration to the Pacific North-West and to establish new farms and businesses.
  • Some major trails used were the California Trail, Oregon Trail, and Santa Fe Trail.
  • Most of the travelers left in April to May, because the weather and timing was best at that time.
  • After railroads became more popular than trails, roads were built over them.
  • The travelers traveled by foot, horse-back, wagons, pack-trains, boat, and raft.
oregon trail
Oregon Trail
  • The Oregon Trail was one of the main overland migration routes.
  • It went from Oregon to the Missouri River.
  • It was in use from 1841 to 1869 by farmers, ranchers, miners, and business men.
  • They used to trail to migrate, trade, or establish new lives in the Pacific-West.
  • After the international railroad reached Portland, Oregon in 1883, the Oregon Trail wasn’t used as frequently.
santa fe trail
Santa Fe Trail
  • The Santa Fe trail was first used as a military highway, until a railroad was built over it in 1800.
  • It went through central North America from Santa Fe, New Mexico to Missouri.
  • It was first usedas a railroad in 1821.
  • In 1846, it was used as an invasion route of New Mexico during the Mexican-American War.
  • The route crossed Comancheria, which is where the Comanches Indians lived.
comancheria
Comancheria
  • The Comanches Indians demanded money for them to be able to pass through on the Santa Fe Trail.
  • The Americans traded with the Comanches Indians.
  • Trade in Comancheria was more profitable for the Americans than the trade in Santa Fe.
  • The Americans visited the Indians more often.
slide11
The Comaches Indians King

The ComancheriaTeritory

websites
Websites
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Trail
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Trail
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Fe_Trail
  • http://www.over-land.com/
  • http://www.jstor.org/pss/3642461
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