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Impressionism. The beginning of Modern Art. Objectives . Understand the goals of the Impressionists Identify the addition of pastel as a new art mediu m Indentify major outside influences on Impressionist artists Name the notable impressionist artists and describe some of their works

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The beginning of Modern Art


  • Understand the goals of the Impressionists

  • Identify the addition of pastel as a new art medium

  • Indentify major outside influences on Impressionist artists

  • Name the notable impressionist artists and describe some of their works

  • Place impressionism on a timeline

What came before 1790 1850 romanticism
What came before…?1790-1850-Romanticism

  • Remember the emotional-scenes full of drama- of the Romanticism artists….Turner in England

  • Painted scenes at different times of day to capture the effects of weather and time.

S. Giorgio Maggiore: Early Morning1819; Watercolor

J m w turner
J. M. W.Turner

  • After painting in watercolors at the beginning of his career, he began painting landscapes in oils.

  • He became less and less interested in showing nature in realistic detail.

  • He concentrated on the effects that light and atmosphere have on subject matter.

  • In time, light and atmosphere became the most important part of Turner’s works.

Rain, Steam and Speed1844; Oil on canvas,

J m w turner and oils
J.M.W. Turner and Oils

Snow Storm: Steamboat off a Harbor’s Mouth 1842

Oil paint on canvas

Realism 1830 1900
Realism 1830-1900

  • In France, some artists wanted to paint every day scenes as they really looked.

  • Ordinary people were the subject matter.

Jean Francois Millet,

The Gleaners

Edouard manet
Edouard Manet

Captured people in everyday situations

The Railway

A Bar at the Folies-Bergère,

Compare romanticism realism
Compare Romanticism-Realism

Modern art

Modern Art

First half of 20th century

Modern art first half of 20 th century
Modern ArtFirst half of 20th century

Modern art begins with Impressionism and continues until present day.

Impressionism is the combination of everyday scenes and the affects of light

Claude Monet,

La Grenouillere, 1869

Impressionism 1870 1920


Quest for Realism-one step further

Compare Realism to ImpressionismCritics said “ looks like they fired paint at the canvas with a pistol”

At a distance-the eye blends the color together

Impressionism 1870 19201

  • Rejected:

    • Renaissance perspective

    • Balance

    • Focal point

    • Painting in a studio

  • Main goal:

    • To present an “impression” : a brief glimpse. This is much like a photograph


Photography-candid (un-posed views of people)

Japanese prints-first imported into France 1860’s


Established the artist’s right to

experiment with personal style


Impressionists realized color is not permanent but changes constantly according to the effects of light, reflection, or weather on the objects surface


Full sun Dull weather Full sun

Claude monet haystacks

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Haystacks (Monet)

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Wheatstacks (End of Summer)

Haystacks is the title of a series of impressionistpaintings by Claude Monet. The primary subjects of all of the paintings in the series are stacks of hay that have been stacked in the field after the harvest season. The title refers primarily to a twenty-five canvas series (Wildenstein Index Number 1266-1290) begun the autumn of 1890 and continued through the following spring, using that year's harvest. Some use a broader definition of the title to refer to other paintings by Monet with this same theme. The series is known for its thematic use of repetition to show differences in perception of light across various times of day, seasons, and types of weather. The subjects were painted in fields near Monet's home in Giverny, France.

The series is among Monet's most notable works. Although the largest collections of Monet's work are held in Paris at the Musée d'Orsay and Musée Marmottan Monet, Boston, Massachusetts at the Museum of Fine Arts, New York City at the Metropolitan Museum and Museum of Modern Art and Tokyo at the National Museum of Western Art,[1] six of the twenty-five haystacks pieces are currently housed at the Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, United States.[2][3][4][5] The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, United States holds two,[6][7] and The Louvre in Paris, France holds one. Other museums that hold parts of this series in their collection include the Hill-Stead Museum in Farmington, Connecticut (which also has one of five from the earlier 1888-9 harvest),[8]National Gallery of Scotland in Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom,[9]Minneapolis Institute of Arts in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States,[10]Kunsthaus Zürich in Zürich, Switzerland, and Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, Vermont, United States.[11] Several private collections also hold Haystack paintings.

Claude Monet Haystacks

Pastel as a new medium
Pastel as a new medium constantly according to the

Mary Cassatt. Mother Playing with Her Child. c.1897. Pastel on paper.

Mary Cassatt. Maternal Kiss. 1897. Pastel on paper

Edgar degas
Edgar Degas constantly according to the

First to introduce pastels as a medium

Objectives revisited
Objectives revisited….. constantly according to the

  • What were the goals of the Impressionists?

  • Who was the first artist to use pastel as a new art medium?

  • What were the major outside influences on Impressionist artists?

  • Name the notable impressionist artists and describe some of their works

  • Place impressionism on a timeline

New project
New Project constantly according to the

  • Use pastel as the medium

  • Draw a part of an object from an unusual angle-like Monet did with Rouen Cathedral

  • Parts of the object must go off the paper

    2. Draw an ordinary scene around you-such as a classroom of students, the cafeteria at lunch, movie theater scene, etc.

  • Parts of the scene must go off the paper-like Japanese prints did