Who were the Pilgrims???? Separatists who wanted to officially split from the Church of England.
The Pilgrims were treated cruelly by the English government. • Fined • Jailed • Executed They decided to leave England, and they went to the Netherlands.
But the Pilgrims did not remain there, because they missed the English way of life.
Upon returning to England, they were given a charter to set up a colony in Virginia. They set sail on a boat called the Mayflower, 100 men and women set sail in September 1620.
They traveled for 2 months under stormy conditions. Pilgrims landed north of Virginia, but decided to stay there instead of going on to Virginia.
Mayflower Compact A document signed by 41 Pilgrim men, which established rules for the colony. A document signed by 41 Pilgrim men, which established rules for their new colony. A document signed by 41 Pilgrim men, which established rules for their new colony. A document signed by 41 Pilgrim men, which established rules for their new colony. A document signed by 41 Pilgrim men, which established rules for their new colony.
Plymouth Settlement With Myles Standish, the Captain, leading them, the Pilgrims went ashore and set up a small, make-shift village. The first winter was harsh for the Pilgrims. Of the 102 that originally set sail, only 52 made it through the winter. They decided to stay at Plymouth because they believed it was “God’s will” that they remain there.
Native Americans The following Spring, the Pilgrims met the neighboring Native American tribe, known as the Wampanoag. These Native Americans taught the Pilgrims how to live off the land, and how to plant crops, such as corn, beans, and pumpkins. The Native American that helped them the most was named Squanto.
The following Fall, the Pilgrims harvested their crops. They were so thankful for the food, that they set a day aside for celebration. What did they call this day????? THANKSGIVING!!
They were grateful to the Wampanoag for helping them, so they prepared a feast and invited the Indians.
Meat….. Seafood & Fish Birds: And venison, aka… Turkey, goose, duck, eagles, and other birds. Bass, herring, bluefish, eel, clams, lobster, mussels, oysters
Grains, Fruits, and Veggies Raspberries Strawberries grapes Plums Cherries blueberries Wheat flour Indian corn Corn meal barley Peas Squash Pumpkins beans
Herbs and Seasoning (some were brought from England) Onions, leeks, strawberry leaves, currants, sorrel, brooklime, liverwort, watercress, flax, radishes, lettuce, carrots, cabbage, olive oil, and butter
And Even…. • Maple syrup • Honey • Holland cheese • Eggs