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Preconception Health. Annual Gynecologist Visits Nutrition/Exercise - ↑ caloric intake by ___ STI Prevention/Treatment Drug/Alcohol Abuse/Use ______________________ – small head, wide spaced eyes, heart problems, etc. _________ - ↑ intake to help avoid Spina Bifida.

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preconception health
Preconception Health
  • Annual Gynecologist Visits
  • Nutrition/Exercise - ↑ caloric intake by ___
  • STI Prevention/Treatment
  • Drug/Alcohol Abuse/Use
    • ______________________– small head, wide spaced eyes, heart problems, etc.
  • _________- ↑ intake to help avoid Spina Bifida
fertilization implantation
Fertilization & Implantation
  • Sperm reach egg within ___________
  • Fertilization usually occurs ______________
  • 24-30 hours after fertilization genetic material is joined, forming _______
  • 36 hours – 2 cells
  • 48 hours – 4 cells
  • 4 days – ___________
  • 7-8 days after fertilization, the blastocyst can attach to the endometrium
  • Fetus at ________
signs and symptoms of pregnancy
Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy
  • Amenorrhea- _____________________
  • Change in Breast Tissue
    • _______________________
  • Increased __________ of Urination
  • Fatigue
signs symptoms continued
Signs & Symptoms Continued
  • Moodiness
  • Quickening – ____________________
  • Braxton-Hicks Contractions – ___

______________

  • Acid Reflux – ______________________
  • Appetite/cravings
doctor s observations
Doctor’s Observations
  • Change in Reproductive Organs
    • _______________________
  • Fetal Heart Beat Fetal monitor
    • ____________________
  • Fetal Movements
  • Fetal Outline
  • Gender Determination It's a boy
laboratory tests
Laboratory Tests
  • Urine or Blood Testing
  • Home Pregnancy Tests Doctor will confirm
  • What do they test for?
    • ___________________________
  • When is the baby due?
prenatal care
Prenatal Care
  • A woman should see her doctor after the second missed period
    • __________– pregnancy, sugar, & protein
    • Blood Test – pregnancy, RH factor, ________

__________________________

  • Nutrition
  • ______ using any hormonal contraceptive methods
  • Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, drugs
common disorders
Common Disorders
  • ________

_______

  • Leg Cramp
  • Varicose Veins
  • ___________

_______

  • Flatulence
  • ______________
  • Palpitations
  • Fainting
  • Drug and Food Sensitivity
  • ____________
  • Hemorrhoids
danger signals during pregnancy
Danger Signals During Pregnancy
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Manifestations of toxemia
    • ____________ – protein in urine, high BP, swelling in hands/feet that doesn’t clear
    • Eclampsia – next stage – ____________

_______________________________

  • Labor contractions
  • Amniotic Sac breaking
  • Lower fetal kick count – _____________
complications
Complications
  • __________ - Before 25 wks
  • Premature Birth - ___________________
  • ________________– Fertilized egg in FT
  • Placenta Previa – Placenta too low
  • Premature Placenta Separation – placenta ___________________from uterus
  • Placenta Abruption – _______________

______________

amniotic sac
Amniotic Sac
  • Also known as ___________
  • At delivery the sac contains 1-2 quarts of fluid
    • Helps _________________________
    • Cushions fetus
    • Provides a medium
    • At ________fetal respiration occurs
      • What is this? – __________
    • Amniocentesis – 15-17 wks, taken to check for any _______________
placenta
Placenta
  • Organ that transports nutrition and oxygen from mother to fetus and transports waste products from fetus to mother
    • _______ – Food substances to fetus, stores nutrients
    • Respiration – Brings ___, takes away _____
    • ______ – Filters out ________ (not viruses)
    • Hormones – _______, progesterone, gonadotropin (maintain pregnancy)
    • _____ – keeps mother’s and _________ blood separate (blood does not mix)
umbilical cord
Umbilical Cord
  • Connects the Fetus and ________
  • Develops at ________
  • Long semitransparent “rope” containing one vein and two arteries
  • Surrounded by jelly-like substance to protect it
  • What passes through?
    • Viruses, medications/drugs, alcohol, nicotine, hormones, etc.
1 st trimester
1st Trimester
  • Weeks 1-12
  • Zygote – __________
  • __________ – multi-celled at 4 days, implanted within 8 days
  • Embryo – ___________________
  • At the end of 2nd month-1.2 inches long, the head represents half of the embryo’s bulk and ____________(eyes, ears, nose, lips, tongue) are present
  • The third month – It is now a _____, is about 3 inches, and has nails and genitals can be seen.
2 nd trimester
2nd Trimester
  • Beginning of the 4th month
  • ______ month is the time for the ________ amount of fetal growth
  • Quickening begins
    • What is this?
  • End of the 5th month – _____
    • Head hair and ________________
  • The fetus sleeps, wakes, and has preferred body positions
  • In the 6th month the body is covered with ____

____, the eyes become ___________, and it can hear uterine sounds.

3 rd trimester
3rd Trimester
  • The baby begins to position itself for _____
  • The fetus is much more baby like
  • By the end of the 7th month the baby can survive _______________
  • At the end of the 8th month the fetus is over __

____, skin redness, and wrinkles lessen.

  • The _____ reach the end of fingers and toes.
  • Between week 38-40 the head is _________

_____and the fine hair has almost disappeared being replaced by vernix (waxy substance)

different types of birth
Different Types of Birth
  • _________ –
  • Caesarean – can be ________ or planned, reasons?
  • _______ – Baby’s _____________1st
  • Multiple Births
    • ________ – 1 egg, 1 sperm, Can be same or separate ___
    • Fraternal – 2 __________________and AS
  • _____________– start contractions or break water
labor
Labor
  • Begins due to hormonal changes
  • Early signs
    • _________ – uterus drops ↓, ______ before delivery
    • ______ levels off or ↓ in last 2 wks
    • Nesting – “setting up the house”
  • Actual signs
    • AS breaking ______________
    • The appearance of “show”
    • Contractions ↑ in _________________
stage one
Stage One
  • Dilation of Cervix
    • _________of cervix occurs due to the uterine contractions
    • Starts with

the first

contractions

    • Ends when the

cervix is _____

stage 2
Stage 2
  • Actual Delivery of baby
    • Crowning
    • __________ – can be done to enlarge vaginal opening

Stage 3

    • Delivery of afterbirth
apgar test
Apgar Test
  • ______________ after birth
  • The baby is tested on the following and given a score. 10 is the highest, 7 is determined to be healthy
    • ___________
    • Respiration
    • Muscle tone
    • ______________
    • Color