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California Geography. Climates of California. Physical Geography of California. Earth Structure & Movement Plate Tectonics & Earthquakes Rocks & The Rock Cycle Geomorphology Landform Classification Landform Types Climate & Vegetation Zones. The Geography of California Climates.

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climates of california

California Geography

Climates of California

physical geography of california
Physical Geography of California
  • Earth Structure & Movement
    • Plate Tectonics & Earthquakes
    • Rocks & The Rock Cycle
  • Geomorphology
    • Landform Classification
    • Landform Types
  • Climate & Vegetation Zones
the geography of california climates
The Geography of California Climates
  • Patterns
  • Dry Climates
  • Mid Temp. Climates
  • Snow Climates
  • Ice Climates
the geography of world climates
The Geography of World Climates
  • World Patterns
  • Tropical Climates
  • Dry Climates
  • Mid Latitude Climates
  • Snow Climates
  • Ice Climates
slide7

Ice Climates (E)

Snow Climates (D)

Mid Latitude Climates (C)

Dry Climates (B)

Tropical Climates (A)

Dry Climates (B)

Mid Latitude Climates (C)

Ice Climates (E)

koppen climate system
Koppen Climate System
  • First letter A-E indicates temperature
  • Second small letter ( s, f) indicates precipitation
  • Third small letter (a, b, c, d ) indicates summer temperature
  • n = indicates fog
tropical climates a
Tropical Climates (A)
  • Only climate type not found in California
  • Found in the equatorial region
  • Warm & Wet all year
  • Temperatures average over 64 F (18C)
the geography of california s climates
The Geography of California’s Climates
  • Patterns
  • Dry Climates
  • Mid Temp. Climates
  • Snow Climates
  • Ice Climates
dry climates b
Dry Climates (B)
  • Found in interior of CA
  • Classification not based on temperature
  • Annual Precipitation is between 0-18 in.
  • Deserts (BW)
  • Steppe (BS)
desert climates bw
Desert Climates (BW)
  • Precipitation - 0-10 inches
  • Temperature average above 64F = h Temperature average below 64F = k
  • Vegetation - xerophytes
    • succulents
    • ephermals
  • Soils - alkaline - sandy & salty
  • Locations - rainshadows or leeward side of Sierra Nevada, Transverse and Peninsular Ranges
steppe climates bs
Steppe Climates (BS)
  • Precipitation -10-18 inches
  • Temperature average above 64F = h Temperature average below 64F = k
  • Vegetation - grasses
  • Soils - black, nutrient rich
  • Locations - surround the deserts of the San Joaquin Valley, eastern foothills of the Coastal Ranges and western foothills of the San Joaquin Valley
the geography of california s climates34
The Geography of California’s Climates
  • Patterns
  • Dry Climates
  • Mid Temp. Climates
  • Snow Climates
  • Ice Climates
mid latitude climates c
Mid Latitude Climates (C)
  • Temperature average between 32- 64F
  • Only one type of C Climate found in California
    • Cs= Mediterranean Climate
  • Csa = hot summer
  • Csb = cool summer
  • Csbn = cool summer with fog
mediterranean climate cs
Mediterranean Climate (Cs)
  • Temperature average between 32 and 64 F
  • Precipitation - dry summer & wet winter
  • Vegetation - chaparral, drought resistant woody shrubs & scattered trees
    • Mediterranean woodland
  • Soils - mixed
  • Locations - West coast and Sacramento Valley of California
mediterranean climate csa
Mediterranean Climate (Csa)
  • Temperature average between 32 and 64 F
  • Precipitation - hot summer & wet winter
  • Vegetation - chaparral, drought resistant woody shrubs & scattered trees
    • Mediterranean woodland
  • Soils - mixed
  • Locations - Central Valley of California
mediterranean climate csbn
Mediterranean Climate (Csbn)
  • Temperature average between 32 and 64 F
  • Precipitation - mild foggy summer & wet winter
  • Vegetation - chaparral, drought resistant woody shrubs & scattered trees
    • Mediterranean woodland
  • Soils - mixed
  • Locations - North Coastal valleys of California
the geography of california s climates56
The Geography of California’s Climates
  • Patterns
  • Dry Climates (B)
  • Mid Temp. Climates (C)
  • Snow Climates (D)
  • Ice Climates (E)
snow climates d
Snow Climates (D)
  • Temperature - coldest month is below 32f
    • warmest month is above 50F
  • Dsb= Mediterranean Highlands with dry summer
  • Dfc,d = Subarctic climate
mediterranean highlands dsb
Mediterranean Highlands (Dsb)
  • Temperature - one month averages below 32F and at least one averages over 50F
    • great annual temperature range
  • Precipitation - dry summer with some thunderstorms
  • Vegetation - mostly conifers
  • Soils - acidic
  • Locations - Higher latitudes and interiors of California
subarctic climate dfc d
Subarctic Climate (Dfc,d)
  • Temperature average below 32F at least 4 months of the year
    • great annual temperature range
  • Precipitation - minimal (5-30”)
  • Vegetation - smaller conifers - taiga forests
  • Soils - acidic
  • Locations - Predominate in higher latitudes and interiors of Sierra Nevada and Klamath
the geography of california s climates72
The Geography of California’s Climates
  • Patterns
  • Dry Climates
  • Mid Temp. Climates
  • Snow Climates
  • Ice Climates
ice climates e
Ice Climates (E)
  • Temperature - monthly averages 9-12 months below 32F
  • no summer
  • very little precipitation
  • under polar high and the easterlies
polar tundra climate et
Polar Tundra Climate (ET)
  • Temperature average below 32F 9 months of the year
    • great annual temperature range
  • Precipitation -2-5 inches
  • Vegetation - mosses & lichens
  • Soils - significant permafrost
  • Locations - Higher elevations and passes in California (over 7,000 ft.)
polar ice cap ef
Polar Ice Cap (EF)
  • Temperature average below 32F all year
  • Precipitation - meager - desert like
  • Vegetation - none
  • Soils - none
  • Locations -Glaciated regions of Mt. Shasta and the Sierra Nevada. Found at highest elevations
the geography of california climates89
The Geography of California Climates
  • Patterns
  • Dry Climates
  • Mid Temp Climates
  • Snow Climates
  • Ice Climates
physical geography of california90
Physical Geography of California
  • Earth Structure & Movement
    • Plate Tectonics & Earthquakes
    • Rocks & The Rock Cycle
  • Geomorphology
    • Landform Classification
    • Landform Types
  • Climate & Vegetation Zones