Marriage and Family Therapy. Upstate. Couples and Family Therapy Family Therapy Graduate Programs The Development of Family Therapy Assessment of Family Functioning (Olson’s Circumplex Model, p. 369) Family Systems Theory - Applying Systems Concepts to Families. Upstate.
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1. Family is system made up of interrelated parts that interact in persistent and enduring ways. What creates enduring patterns?
2. Enduring patterns of interaction created by rules (often implicit)
3. A family is more than the sum of individual members
4. To know the family one must observe the interactions that occur when the family functions as family.
Multigenerational Family Therapy – Bowen
1. Multigenerational Transmission Process- genogram – focus on the past
2. Differentiation of Self
A. Independence of self from others (esp. members of family of origin)
B. Separate intellect from emotion.
A. When two people in order to reduce stress bring a third party into the relationship to reduce anxiety and gain stability
B. Parents who are emotionally estranged from each other overinvolve their children.
4. Family Projection Process
A. Bowen believed that often parents who are having problems select as the object of their attention the most immature of their children, thus triangling in this child
B. Others believe that unconsciously a child triangles himself/herself in to reduce the tension in the parent’s relationship.
5. Emotional Cutoff
A. The flight from unresolved emotional ties to ones family
B. May take the form of running away, cutting off contact or being unable to complete unfinished business with family.
Bowen Family Therapy
1. Understand multigenerational influences by use of genogram
2. Learn to respond differently with family of origin resolving unfinished business maturely
3. Work on independence of self from others
4. Work on separating intellect from emotion
5. Resolve husband-wife issues maturely without triangling in others
6. Confront problems maturely without cutoff or avoidance.
Structural Family Therapy – Minuchin