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Chapter 2 Sociological Research Methods. Why is Sociological Research Necessary? The Sociological Research Process Research Methods Ethical Issues in Sociological Research. Theory and Research Cycle: Deductive Approach. Research begins with a theory: Theories generate hypothesis

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chapter 2 sociological research methods
Chapter 2Sociological Research Methods
  • Why is Sociological Research Necessary?
  • The Sociological Research Process
  • Research Methods
  • Ethical Issues in Sociological Research
theory and research cycle deductive approach
Theory and Research Cycle: Deductive Approach

Research begins with a theory:

  • Theories generate hypothesis
  • Hypothesis leads to observations.
  • Observations lead to the formation of generalizations.
  • Generalizations support the theory.
theory and research cycle inductive approach
Theory and Research Cycle: Inductive Approach

Research begins with data:

  • Observations suggest generalizations.
  • Generalizations produce a tentative theory.
  • Theory is tested through formation of a hypothesis.
  • Hypothesis may provide suggestions for additional observations.
conventional research model
Conventional Research Model
  • Select and define the research problem.
  • Review previous research.
  • Formulate the hypothesis.
  • Develop the research design.
  • Collect and analyze the data.
  • Draw conclusions and report the findings.
qualitative research model
Qualitative Research Model
  • Research begins with a general approach rather than a detailed plan.
  • Research decides when literature review and theory application happen.
qualitative research model1
Qualitative Research Model
  • Study presents a detailed view of the topic.
  • Access to people or other resources that can provide necessary data is crucial.
  • Appropriate research methods are important for acquiring useful qualitative data.
research methods
Research Methods
  • Survey Research
  • Secondary Analysis of Existing Data
  • Field Research
  • Experiments
asa code of ethics
ASA Code of Ethics

Basic ethical standards for sociologists

including:

  • Disclose research findings in full and include all possible interpretations of the data.
  • Safeguard participants right to privacy and dignity while protecting them from harm.
asa code of ethics1
ASA Code of Ethics

Basic ethical standards for sociologists

including:

  • Protect confidential information provided by participants.
  • Acknowledge research collaboration and assistance and disclose all sources of financial support.