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WEL COME. RABI CONFERENCE, 2004. AGRICULTURE PROFILE OF THE STATE : AT A GLANCE Geographical location Latitude 21º58’10” North to 27º31’15” North Longitude 83º19’15” East to 88º17’40” East Elevation from Sea level 53 meter

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Geographical location

Latitude 21º58’10” North to 27º31’15” North

Longitude 83º19’15” East to 88º17’40” East

Elevation from Sea level 53 meter

Total geographical area of the State is 93.60 lakh hect. Land use classification of the State is given below :-

Lakh hect.

(i) Forest 6.16

(ii) Barren & non-cultivatable land 4.37

(iii) Land put to non-agriculture uses 16.35

(iv) Cultural Waste land 0.48

(v) Permanent pasture 0.18

(vi) Area under misc. Crops 2.30

(vii) Other fallow (2 to 5 years) 1.41

(viii) Current fallow 5.95

(ix) Net area sown 56.38

(x) Total cropped area 80.26

(xi) Area sown more than once 23.58

(xii) Density of population 884/sq. km.



Low productivity of Crops in Bihar


Low level of Input Use

(Per Hectare consumption of fertilizer)


Other Issues

  • Problem Areas
  • Tal Land : 1.00 Lakh hect.
  • Diara Land : 11.00 Lakh hect.
  • Chour Land : 4.50 Lakh hect.
  • Saline & Alkaline Land : 2.00 Lakh hect.
  • Drought & Flood
  • Transfer of Technology


Comparison of week wise rainfall Actual Vs. Normal

(1st of June to 8th of September)


Crop Specific Strategy for Rabi 2004

  • Wheat
  • Timely and adequate availability of high yielding variety
  • Balanced use of fertilizer promoting use of single super phosphste and Boron fertilizer
  • Judicious use of irrigation water and watering at critical growth stages
  • Promotion of seeding through zero seed drill for timely completion of sowing

Boro paddy

  • Use of high yielding disease resistant varieties viz Gautam, Richharia and Dhanlakshmi
  • Area expansion and adoption of Boro Paddy particularly in Chour areas
  • Intergrated Nutrient Management and use of fertilizers for higher production and productivity

Oil seeds

  • Area expansion
  • Use of resistant varieties
  • Early planting
  • Use of sulpher fertilizers
  • IPM practices


  • Area expansion
  • Seed treatment with Rhizobium
  • Use of certified seeds of high yielding disease resistant varieties
  • Control of Pod borer insect and IPM practices
  • Use of Irrigation water at critical stages


Macromode Work Plan 2004 – 2005

Unit : In Lakh Rs.


ISOPOM 2004 – 2005

Unit : In Lakh Rs.



  • Seed Production
  • Block Demonstration
  • Micro Irrigation
  • IPM
  • Irrigation Pipes
  • Farmer’s Training
  • Agriculture Officer’s Training

New Initiatives

  • Cotton cultivation in Bihar
  • Cultivation started in 18 districtsin about 210 ha
  • Seed supplied by cotton corporation of India
  • Variety supplied LRA5166 (1250 kg) and F1378 (2926 kg)
  • Germination is reported at 50-75%
  • Harvest results are awaited

Special Horticulture programmes

  • Scheme envisages promotion of Litichies, Mango, Makhana, and spices development for interstate trade and export
  • Project component includes area expansion, rejuvenation, value addition, market prospecting, transfer of technology etc.
  • Area coverage: 4 districts
  • NABARD is the implementing agency
  • Project outlay 142 crore (approx) and incentive 36 crore (approx)

Watershed development programme

  • Programme is implemented in 8 South Bihar districts
  • Area coverage 80000 ha
  • Project outlay 60 crore
  • Implementing agency NABARD
boro paddy

Success Stories

Boro Paddy
  • It is cultivated in about 2 lakh hectares and increasing exponentially.
  • Farmers raise seedling through Dapog method.
  • Government provides subsidy on seed besides training.
  • It has tremendous potential to increase the productivity of Chour land.
seed production programme in begusarai

Success Stories

Seed production programme inBegusarai
  • Farmers have organized to produce breeder, foundation and certified seed.
  • Government has made arrangements for training of farmers and District Agriculture Officer is the patron of the organization.
  • Mobile seed processing plant has been provided by DRDA.
  • Technical guidance by KVK and Rajendra Agriculture University
  • Government has taken land to formalized the Seed Grower Association under Co-operative.
success stories
Success Stories


  • Unique crop of wet land of North Bihar.
  • An ambitious scheme of Makhana has been launched in Madhubani District under RSVY.
  • It is cultivated in about 13,000 hectares and Bihar contributes about 80% of the National production.
  • Shakti Sudha industries has come up to for value addition.
  • Export to Arabian countries has started.
  • Contract farming has been started between farmers and Shakti Sudha.
success stories40
Success Stories


  • Area under Litchi cultivation 27000 hectares.
  • Litchi is exported to European countries.
  • AEZ comprising 14 districts have been set up.
  • Export of fresh and processed Litchi is increasing.
  • Ambitious scheme of Litchi development has launched under RSVY IN Muzaffarpur district.
success stories41
Success Stories

Organic Basmati

  • Munger district has taken lead.
  • It is grown in 600 Acres and increasing every year.
  • It is exported to European countries.
  • Seed is supplied by entrepreneur.
  • Entrepreneur has been trained under Agri- Clinic scheme.
  • Organic farming is produced through Macro Mode Management.
success stories42
Success Stories

Medicinal & Aromatic Plant

  • Area has increased from 50 Acres in 2001-02 to 400 Acres in 2004-05.
  • Distillation plant at production site has been established.
  • Sale arrangement through NGOs like Rural Agro welfare Centre & Shrishti Foundation has been made.
  • Government provides subsidy to distillation plants besides training.
  • Nursery for quality planting material has been established by Rajendra Agriculture University at Patna.

Requirement of Fertilizers during Rabi 2004 – 2005

  • Urea : 7.20 Lakh MT
  • DAP : 1.50 Lakh MT
  • MOP : 0.50 Lakh MT