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  1. School Lunches, Academic Performance,andThe National School Lunch Program (NSLP) Nick Cenname

  2. 1940s-Present • 1946- National School Lunch Program • Other programs • Expansion • Falling Short

  3. Nutrition and Academic Performance • Numerous research studies • Effective fighting force? • Why do we continue to feed children inadequate food if we know that it will hinder their ability to perform well in school? • Early years could be most important

  4. Long VersionStarts Here

  5. Quotes • “For one thing, as nutritionists and parents know all too well, it is difficult, if not impossible, to convince people-whether children or adults-to eat what is good for them, rather than what tastes good.” • “Research shows that 40% of all cancer is diet related” • “Studies conducted by Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital show that children perform better on standardized tests, exhibit less hyperactivity, and generally behave better than kids who skip breakfast.”

  6. 1700s • Europe leads the way • Big difference between children • Private charities

  7. 1880-1920s(Progressive Era) • Emphasis on “scientific nutrition” • New England Kitchen and Penny-Lunch Program • Books • ideal soldiers? • Educate and feed • 13 states and D.C.

  8. 1930sDepression Era • Not a shortage of food • The responsibility falls on community • Agricultural Adjustment Act (1935)

  9. 1940s • States and nutritionists • Soldier problem; again! • RDAs • Excess food to troops • Where are the women? • Who got the lunches?

  10. 1946National School Lunch Program (NSLP) • Truman • Purpose • The “real” reason • Where is the money?

  11. Question • Should the federal government be responsible for feeding students?

  12. 1950s and 60s • SOCIALISM! Ahhhhhhhhh • Fascism more like it • Handouts will “crush moral” • Milk Program • Child Nutrition Act • Pilot Breakfast Program

  13. 70s,80s • Nixon does something good? • Vending machines! Worse than socialism!

  14. 90s, present • Nobody following the rules • Billions of dollars • Fast-Food is in! • USDA can’t follow…it’s own rules • Do you eat breakfast? • Save here…pay there • Causing illnesses? Who knows?

  15. Sources • Levine, Susan. “School Lunch Politics.” Princeton, New Jersey. Princeton University Press (2008) • Cooper, Ann. Holmes, Lisa M. “Lunch Lessons”. New York, NY. HarperCollins (2006) • Schlosser, Eric. “Fast Food Nation”. New York, NY. HarperCollins (2002)