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School Lunches, Academic Performance,andThe National School Lunch Program (NSLP) Nick Cenname
1940s-Present • 1946- National School Lunch Program • Other programs • Expansion • Falling Short
Nutrition and Academic Performance • Numerous research studies • Effective fighting force? • Why do we continue to feed children inadequate food if we know that it will hinder their ability to perform well in school? • Early years could be most important
Quotes • “For one thing, as nutritionists and parents know all too well, it is difficult, if not impossible, to convince people-whether children or adults-to eat what is good for them, rather than what tastes good.” • “Research shows that 40% of all cancer is diet related” • “Studies conducted by Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital show that children perform better on standardized tests, exhibit less hyperactivity, and generally behave better than kids who skip breakfast.”
1700s • Europe leads the way • Big difference between children • Private charities
1880-1920s(Progressive Era) • Emphasis on “scientific nutrition” • New England Kitchen and Penny-Lunch Program • Books • ideal soldiers? • Educate and feed • 13 states and D.C.
1930sDepression Era • Not a shortage of food • The responsibility falls on community • Agricultural Adjustment Act (1935)
1940s • States and nutritionists • Soldier problem; again! • RDAs • Excess food to troops • Where are the women? • Who got the lunches?
1946National School Lunch Program (NSLP) • Truman • Purpose • The “real” reason • Where is the money?
Question • Should the federal government be responsible for feeding students?
1950s and 60s • SOCIALISM! Ahhhhhhhhh • Fascism more like it • Handouts will “crush moral” • Milk Program • Child Nutrition Act • Pilot Breakfast Program
70s,80s • Nixon does something good? • Vending machines! Worse than socialism!
90s, present • Nobody following the rules • Billions of dollars • Fast-Food is in! • USDA can’t follow…it’s own rules • Do you eat breakfast? • Save here…pay there • Causing illnesses? Who knows?
Sources • Levine, Susan. “School Lunch Politics.” Princeton, New Jersey. Princeton University Press (2008) • Cooper, Ann. Holmes, Lisa M. “Lunch Lessons”. New York, NY. HarperCollins (2006) • Schlosser, Eric. “Fast Food Nation”. New York, NY. HarperCollins (2002)