History Class 6 Mackintosh / Glasgow School;Adler and Sullivan;Chicago School;Frank Lloyd Wright. Part 1
Class Logistics Midterm in 2 weeks Lecture Week 6
William Le Baron Jenney Chicago “establishment” architect. Pioneer of steel frame construction in his Fair Store of 1892.
The Rookery. 1886. Chicago. John Wellborn Root. (Burnham and Root) A transitional structure in the evolution of modern architecture, the Rookery Building employs both masonry wall-bearing and skeletal frame construction techniques. It takes its name from a temporary City Hall and water tank that stood on the site following the Fire of 1871. A favorite roost for pigeons, these structures were referred to as "the rookery."
Louis Sullivan “I should say that it would bee greatly for our aesthetic good if we should refrain entirely from the use of ornament for a period of years in order that our thought might concentrate acutely upon the production of buildings well formed and comely in the nude. We should thus perforce eschew many undesirable things, and learn by contrast how effective it is to think in a natural, favorous and wholesome way. We shall have learned however, that ornament is mentally a luxury, not a necessity, for we shall have discerned the limitations as well as the great value of unadorned masses. We have in us romanticism, and feel a craving to express it. We feel intuitively that our strong, athletic, and simple forms will carry with natural ease the raiment of which we dream” - Louis Sullivan. Ornament inArchitecture. 1892
Chicago Fire, etc. Chicago downtown destroyed by fire in 1871. O’leary’s cow…. Adler and Sullivan preoccupied with rebuilding chicago.