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Youth and Family Centres in The Netherlands. Caroline Vink The Netherlands Youth Institute. 28-02-2012. The Evolution, Implementation and Effectiveness of Youth and Family Centres. The Netherlands. half the size of Ireland 16.7 mln inhabitants 3.500.000 children 0 – 18 22% of population

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Youth and family centres in the netherlands

Youth and Family Centres in The Netherlands

Caroline Vink

The Netherlands Youth Institute


The netherlands
The Netherlands Family Centres

half the size of Ireland

16.7 mln inhabitants

3.500.000 children 0 – 18

22% of population

1 mln immigrants

first-time mothers - 29 year

Child and youth policy in the netherlands
Child and Youth Policy in the Netherlands Family Centres

  • 0 – 18 (25) years

  • 1 in 5 has anethnicminority background

  • Decentralisedresponsibilities

  • Youth-at-risk model (distinctionbetweenpreventive, general services and youth care/protection)

  • Total transition of care tolocal level(2012 - 2014)

Happy children
Happy children? Family Centres

Increase of children and young people in specialised care
Increase of children and young people in specialised care Family Centres

Child andYouth care

Average growth rate:

± 7.4% a year

Mental health care

Average growth rate:

± 12.5% a year

Special education

Average growth rate:

± 17.5% a year

The reason behind the youth and family centres
The reason behind the youth and family centres Family Centres

Several evalutions of the Dutch child policy and protection system

Too much focus at risk

Fragmented support system

Gap between universal services and child protection

Ministry for Youth and Families 2007 – 2010

2008 – 2011 Youth and Family Centres in all 405 Dutch municipalities

Priorities Family Centres

Youthand Family Centres (local level)

Basic Model

A. Child and youth healthcare

  • Child health clinics and municipal health services

    B. Five Functions stipulated in the Social Support Act on parenting support

  • Information and guidance

  • Identification of problems

  • Guidance to help

  • Minor pedagogical help

  • Coordination of care

  • Including social work, family coaching and parenting support

    C. Link to Youth Care Agency (entrance care system)

    D. Link to School Care and Advice Teams

The dutch youth and family centre does not exist
The Family Centres Dutch Youth and Family Centre does not exist!

Children, Youth and Families

Coordination of Care/


Link withuniversal services

Child and youth healthcare

Parenting Support

Link with Child Protection

Youth Advice

Youth and family centres
Youth and Family Centres Family Centres

15 February 2012

15 May 2009

Challenges and lessons learned
Challenges and Lessons Learned Family Centres

The dilemma of too early or too late?

Needs and dialogue

The normalisation of support

Integrated working

Role of national and local government and partners

The European perspective

Too early or too late
Too early or too late? Family Centres

Balancing universal and specialised services: do youth and family centres close the gap?

Dilemma’s of early intervention: in whose interest?

The need for a care continuum

Evidence - output or outcome?

Parenting support programes in the netherlands a few examples
Parenting Support Programes in the Netherlands: a few examples

Triple P Kaleidoscoop (High Scope) Opstapje Home Start

Drukke kinderen Homeparty Moeders informeren moeders

Basic Trustmethode Als het misgaat ... bel ik jou Horizonmethodiek

Beter Omgaan met Pubers Bemoeizorg in de jeugdgezondheidszorg

Gordon-cursus "Effectief omgaan met kinderen” Opvoeden & zo

Jij bent belangrijk (JBB) Ouder-baby interventie Peuter in Zicht!

Groepsmediatietherapie voor ouders met kinderen met ADHD

KopOpOuders Online Moeders informeren Moeders (MIM)

Kortdurende Video-Hometraining (K-VHT) in gezinnen met jonge kinderen

Opstandige kinderen: een compleet oudertrainingsprogramma

OUDERS van tegendraadse jeugd Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

Praten met kinderen Stap voor Stap Signalering en PReventieve INTerventie bij antisociaal gedrag (SPRINT) Stevig Ouderschap (OKé - Ouder- en Kindzorg extra) Voorzorg (Family Nurse Partnership)

Vaardigheden Voor Ouders (VVO) Veiligheidsinformatiekaarten

Video-feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD)

Needs and dialogue
Needs and dialogue examples

Do Dutch parents visit the youth and family centres?

Who is in charge of the process?

Managing the best interest of the child and keeping parents aboard

Partnership with parents

The normalisation of support
The normalisation of support examples

Positive parenting vs. being a bad parent

Free choice?

Nothing about us without us!

Integrated working
Integrated Working examples

Who are the children’s services?

One family, one plan

Duty to cooperate?

Managing expectations

Hiding behind confidentiality

Role of national and local government and partners
Role of national and local government and partners examples

National frameworks and/or local realities?

Monitoring role

Coordination and provision of services

Evidence and knowledge based

European perspectives
European perspectives examples

Examples of closing the gap of universal and specialised services

Progressive universalism

Helping parents where their children are

Systemic solutions for keeping children out of care?

Is change possible during economic crisis?

Do we need a European perspective?

Thank you
Thank you! examples

European conference on parenting support 10-10-2012:

[email protected]