Unit 3, Lesson 7 Amos and Hosea
Amos • Name comes from the Hebrew word amas, which means to lift or carry a burden. So, Amos was the burdenbearer
Background Info • From Tekoa: 6 miles south of Bethlehem and 12 miles south of Jerusalem. Lived in Judah, but spoke both to Judah, Israel and othernations. • Not a prophet by trade; did not live in a school. He was a shepherd and a herdsman
Cultural Background • 1. Jeroboam II had expanded Israel’s borders significantly • 2. Wide gap between the rich and poor.
The Message of Amos • 1. Chapters 1-2: Announcement of Judgement • 2. Chapters 3-6: Reasons for judgment • Chapters 7-9: 5 Visions of judgment
Visions of judgment • a. Swarm of locusts • b. Fire • c. Wall and plumb line • d. Basket of ripe fruit • e. God standing by the altar
Amos’ Message • Amos is characterized by his bold and blunt message; he wasn’t afraid to speak the truth, even when it didn’t make him friends.
2. Hosea: The prophet and the Prostitute. • A. Name is similar to Joseph and Joshua, meaning salvation. • B. His ministry immediately followed or overlapped Amos’. • C. Warned people about the rising threat of Assyria. • D. In the final years of the Northern Kingdom, 6 kings ruled during a 25 year period. 4 of them were assassinated.
The Message of Hosea • 1. Hosea’s wayward wife • a. Description of an adulterous wife and a faithful husband. • b. His wife Gomer left him and his 3 children to live the live of a prostitute. Hosea goes to great lengths to restore their marriage. • c. Hosea’s marriage was supposed to be a reflection of Israel’s unfaithfulness to God. • d. The Marriage promise represents Israel’s covenant with God.
Hosea’s Children • Jezreel—meaning “God Scatters,” symbolizes the dynasty of Jehu, to remind King Jeroboam that his power comes from God and can be taken away. • Lo-ruhamah—which means “not pitied”, condemning the socialinjustice of Hosea’s time • Lo-ammi—which means “not my people”, revoking Israel’s identity as God’s people; also because that child was not actually Hosea’s.
2. God’s Wayward People • a. Israel’s sinfulness • b. Israel’s punishment • c. God’s love for Israel
Hosea 11:5 • 5 “Will they not return to Egypt • and will not Assyria rule over them because they refuse to repent?
Hosea’s Message 4. Hosea’s message is characterized by the love God still had for His people. There would still be judgment, but ultimately that would lead to the redemption of Israel.