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THNIC’s IDN Deployment/Experience in Thailand. Thai Name Server Co., Ltd. October 11, 2004 Krit Witwiyaruj. Why IDN?. ASCII representation of Thai words is difficult to read/write ใครกินไข่ไก่ => Kaikinkaikai / Kraikinkhaikai / … ผู้ใหญ่บ้าน => Pooyaiban / Poohyaibaan / …

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thnic s idn deployment experience in thailand

THNIC’s IDN Deployment/Experience in Thailand

Thai Name Server Co., Ltd.

October 11, 2004

Krit Witwiyaruj

why idn
Why IDN?
  • ASCII representation of Thai words is difficult to read/write
    • ใครกินไข่ไก่=> Kaikinkaikai / Kraikinkhaikai / …
    • ผู้ใหญ่บ้าน=> Pooyaiban / Poohyaibaan / …
  • No way of representing different words (different meaning) in Thai.
    • กฤษ, กฤต, กฤษณ์ => Krit
th implementation
TH Implementation
  • Fully compliant with IDN standard RFCs
    • RFC 3490, RFC 3491, RFC 3492
  • Second-level domain name registration <Thai>.th
  • Support Languages: English and Thai (inclusion-based characters set)
th language table
TH Language Table
  • Based on RFC2278 and Unicode 3.2 (U+0E01-U+0E5B)
  • Total Number of Codepoints allow for IDN: LDH + 82 (Thai Characters)
    • Consonants (Alphabet): 46
    • Vowel: 18
    • Tone marks: 4
    • Sign: 4
    • Number: 10
  • No Variants preparations required
  • For more detail on Thai Language Table for IDN
    • http://www.iana.org/assignments/idn/registered.htm
idn applications
IDN Applications
  • Browsers
    • Netscape, Mozilla, Opera, Safari, Camino, Epiphany, Firefox, Konqueror and others
  • E-Mail
    • FoxMail
  • IDN SDKs and Language support
    • GNU libidn, JPNIC, VeriSign
idn whois challenges
IDN WHOIS Challenges
  • Display IDN element
  • Lack of IDN Whois standard
  • Query/Display with Punycode
  • IRIS (CRISP) - A Domain Registry (dreg) Type for the Internet Registry Information Service
    • ftp://ftp.isi.edu/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-crisp-iris-dreg-07.txt
th policy
TH Policy
  • Language Declaration
    • Thai, English (Can be mixed)
  • Second-level domain name registration <Thai>.th
  • Free Thai domain name registration for 1 year (associated with ASCII Domain name)
  • For more detail on THNIC’s policy (in thai)
    • http://www.thnic.net/homepage2/thaidomain.html
thai domain name issues
Thai domain name issues
  • Naming in Thai generally use long words (more characters required)
    • ASCII: name not longer than 63
    • Thai: Maximum characters that can be used as a domain name is about 30-45. (Depends on naming)
  • In Thai abbreviation is not a common. Except government related words.
  • Spelling English word in Thai can be variant.
  • ACE is not human readable. More difficult to edit Zone file.
summary of public feedback
Summary of Public Feedback
  • How to make sub domain in IDN (Thai)?
    • What’s the Tools.
  • How to make IE browser work with IDN?
    • I-Nav Plug-in for IE (by VeriSign)
  • Registration Policy (mostly naming issues)?
    • Thai name must has same meaning/pronunciation as ASCII name.
  • THNIC’s IDN registration statistic
    • http://ns.in.th/stats/idn_stats.html
questions

Questions?

krit@thains.co.th