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Brigitte CHARLES-PAUVERS Franco-Chinese International Management Center

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WORK IN FRANCE : MAJOR CHANGES. Brigitte CHARLES-PAUVERS Franco-Chinese International Management Center Institute of Business Administration University of Nantes (France) Research group : MODELISACTION. THE STRUCTURE OF THE PRESENTATION. Productive and employment landscape

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slide1
WORK IN FRANCE : MAJOR CHANGES

Brigitte CHARLES-PAUVERS

Franco-Chinese International Management Center

Institute of Business Administration

University of Nantes (France)

Research group : MODELISACTION

slide2
THE STRUCTURE OF THE PRESENTATION
  • Productive and employment landscape
  • Main characteristics of work in France
  • Major changes in the companies’ work politics
  • Workers and companies : flexibility / organizational commitment
  • Conclusion
slide4
PRODUCTIVE AND EMPLOYMENT LANDSCAPEEU : a majority of small and medium size companies

Companies under 250 employees

2/3 of total employment

slide5
PRODUCTIVE AND EMPLOYMENT LANDSCAPEXXXXXXXXXXXX
  • A policy of merger between large companes : Renault-Nissan , Vivendi????
    • In France, 1/3 of companies < 500 employees realize 29 % of exports and 22 % of imports
slide7
WORK IN France : MAIN CHARACTERISTICSThe role of the French Government
  • The French government plays a fundamental role in the companies’ employment policy :
    • numerous contracts are subsidized : Contrat emploi-jeune
    • a large part of the social bargaining framework is lie down by the government : “35h laws”
slide9
WORK IN France : MAIN CHARACTERISTICSManpower cost

Manpower cost in France + 20% / USA

slide11
WORK IN France : MAIN CHARACTERISTICSPermanent worker‘s status is splitting up

Short term workers : 11%

1985-2000 : temp work X 5

short term X 3

work in france main characteristics more and more people work in services
WORK IN FRANCE : MAIN CHARACTERISTICSmore and more people work in services

Services : 42.6 % in 1999

+4 % in 98-99

Industry : -0.9 % in 98-99

slide14
WORK IN FRANCE : MAIN CHARACTERISTICSAn economy increasingly open to women

women at work : 42.1 % in 1975 48.1% in 2000

work in france main characteristics the role of trade unions
WORK IN FRANCE : MAIN CHARACTERISTICSThe role of trade unions
  • An increasing gap between :
  • trade unions negotiating major agreements
  • workers (8% are union members)
slide16
MAJOR CHANGES IN THE EMPLOYMENT POLICIESXXXXXXXXXXXX
  • An increasing need for flexibility : internal and external
  • The legal obligation to reduce the time work to 35 H per week, with a collective bargaining in the company
  • An opportunity to reexamine the strategy of the company, the productive process and to reorganize the work, without increasing the labor cost with different possibilities, :
    • time modulation, based on a definite period : a cycle , depending of the seasonal characteristics
    • reduction of the daily time of work
    • larger opening time
major changes in the employment policies xxxxxxxxxxxx
MAJOR CHANGES IN THE EMPLOYMENT POLICIESXXXXXXXXXXXX
  • Companies show caution in recruitment : extra hours, and part time work inside the company ; the quasi permanent use of short term contract
slide18
WORKERS AND COMPANIES : FLEXIBILITY / ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT HRM policies
  • Three categories of workers move in :
    • hot skills,
    • multifunctional permanent,
    • McDo workers : short term, temporary, subcontractors
  • HRM policies : more and more individualized and adapted to the category, specially toward the core one : training, career, payment
slide19
WORKERS AND COMPANIES : FLEXIBILITY / ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT Some workers asking for different working conditions
slide20
WORKERS AND COMPANIES : FLEXIBILITY / ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
  • A sort of “commercial contract “ characterize the relationship between core employees and companies
  • Their overall organizational behavior looks like a consumer : individualistic, ready to leave the company
slide21
WORKERS AND COMPANIES : FLEXIBILITY / ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
  • Three ?????? major difficulties for the companies :
    • a shortage of talents
    • a threat of leaving : 10 %of executives moved in 2000
    • a competition in the social and tax fields
    • difficulties to create and maintain a collective
slide22
CONCLUSION
  • In a a global context of redefinition of the companies ’ boarders :
    • - subordinates are becoming assistants
    • - the hierarchical channel is disrupted
  • The employees’ mobility is necessary
    • - they move inside the organization
    • - their skills are the only criteria of evaluation (different from the post qualification)
  • The flexibility is accepted
    • - external flexibility
    • - work and organizational flexibility
  • The trade unions are again in the news
    • - they negociate a lot of agreements
    • - people come out on strike vicariously (public employees)
  • The European social is on ...
slide23
CONCLUSION

Still a French exception ?

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