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Causes and Treatment
By Dr. JyotiPatil
Alopecia Areata is the erratic hair loss disorder that affects around 2 % population of this world. Researchers are constantly working on the possible alopecia areata causes, diagnosis and treatment.
Alopecia areata treatment has undergone a huge transition in the span of last 10 years. Several studies have been made on the disease resulting into the outcome of various facts. And the process is on in full swing.
Alopecia areata causes hair loss from areas of the body, usually the scalp. It causes bald spots on the head especially in the first stage. And thus it has the nickname "spot baldness". In 1-2 % of cases the condition is found to be spreading to the entire scalp or epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin).
Alopecia areata affects only the growing hairs. Resting follicles escape the destruction. Therefore truncating the growth phase of hairs avoids the complete destruction of hair follicles. Often the alopecia areata causes the hair follicles to enter into a telogen resting state to avoid the worst effects of the disease. And this triggers significant shedding.
The hair follicles usually stay in this resting state for prologner periods of time. If the hair follicles try to return to an anagen growth state the immune system retargets the hair follicles and forces them back into a resting state.
The treatment of alopecia areata is partly based on this knowledge. The objective is to reduce the action of the immune cells on the hair follicles and also to promote the resting hair follicles back into new growth activity.
It causes baldness in only one spot in any part of the head
It reults into multiple area of hair loss
In this case the alopecia areata causes the loss of all the hair on the scalp
Its symptom is the loss of all body hair including public hair. The condition is called Alopecia areatabarbae if it is limited only to the beard.
It happens when a psychological trauma causes a person to lose all his dark hairs. And leave him only with mixed grey and dark hairs.
Alopecia areata treatment and diagnosis indicates that the disease contains autoimmunity, ie. failure to recognize its own constituent parts. It erroneously treats its hair follicles as foreign tissue. And results into suppression and stopping of hair growth.
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