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ESTAR = TO BE. 2.3 Vistas Las páginas 53-56. Review of the verb “ estar ” in the present tense. Yo estoy Nosotros estamos Tú estás Vosotros estáis Ud . está Uds . están É l está Ellos están Ella está Ellas están

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estar to be

ESTAR = TO BE

2.3 Vistas

Las páginas 53-56

review of the verb estar in the present tense
Review of the verb “estar” in the present tense
  • YoestoyNosotrosestamos
  • TúestásVosotrosestáis
  • Ud. estáUds. están
  • ÉlestáEllosestán
  • Ella estáEllasestán

Remember that “It” does not exist as a subject pronoun, so when referring to a thing, the form “está” is used.

well being
Well -being
  • The verb “estar” is used to ask about and to state well-being and health.
    • ¿Cómoestás?
    • Estoybien.
    • No estoybien.
    • ¿Cómoestá Juan?
    • Juan estáenfermo.
estar for location
Estar for location
  • When we want to ask or tell location we use the verb “estar” (to be).
  • The verb “estar” is used to tell the location of:
    • Person(s)
    • Place(s)
    • Thing(s)
asking the location of person s place s and thing s
Asking the location of person(s), place(s), and thing(s)
  • To ask location, we use the interrogative word ¿Dónde? (Where?)
  • The question is formed as follows:

¿Dónde+ (the present tense of estar)+ (the person, place, or thing)?

OJO: The present tense of “estar” agrees with the person,

place, or thing, which is the subject of the sentence.

slide6
English

Español

Persona(s):

¿Dóndeestástú?

¿ Dóndeestáel estudiante?

Lugar(es):

¿Dóndeestán los países?

¿ Dóndeestá la biblioteca ?

Cosa(s):

¿ Dóndeestánlos bolígrafos?

¿Dóndeestáun lápiz?

  • Person(s):
  • Where are you?
  • Where is the student?
  • Place(s):
  • Where are the countries?
  • Where is the library?
  • Thing(s):
  • Where are the pens?
  • Where is a pencil?
telling the location of person s place s and thing s
Telling the location of person(s), place(s), and thing(s)
  • To tell the location we state the following:
  • Person(s) + estarin the present + location.
  • Place(s) +estarin the present + location.
  • Thing(s) + estarin the present + location.

Note: Subject + verb+ rest.

adverbs that describe the location
Adverbs that describe the location
  • Some simple words to describe location are:
    • aquí (here)
    • ahí (there)
    • allí ( way over there, farther away)
slide9
English

Español

Persona(s):

Estoyaquí.

El estudianteestáahí.

Lugar(es):

Los paísesestánallí.

La bibliotecaestáahí.

Cosa(s):

Los bolígrafosestánaquí.

El lápizestáahí.

  • Person(s):
  • I am here.
  • The student is there.
  • Place(s):
  • The countries are way over there.
  • The library is there.
  • Thing(s):
  • The pens are here.
  • The pencil is there.
using prepositions of place to describe location
Using prepositions of place to describe location
  • In addition to adverbs, prepositions of place can be used to describe location after the verb “estar.”
  • Common prepositions of place can be found on page 54 of the Vistas text.
slide11
al lado de
  • a la derecha de
  • a la izquierda de
  • en
  • cerca de
  • con
  • debajo de
  • delante de
  • detrás de
  • encima de
  • entre
  • lejos de
  • sin
  • sobre
  • next to; beside
  • to the right of
  • to the left of
  • in; on
  • near
  • with
  • below
  • in front of
  • behind
  • on top of
  • between; among
  • far from
  • without
  • on; over
slide12
English

Español

Persona(s):

Estoy al lado de Juan.

El estudianteestádetrás del profesor.

Lugar(es):

Españaestálejos de Costa Rica.

La bibliotecaestáen la escuela.

Cosa(s):

Los bolígrafosestánencima del pupitre.

El lápizestáentre el libro y el cuaderno.

  • Person(s):
  • I am next to Juan.
  • The student is behind the teacher.
  • Place(s):
  • Spain is far from Costa Rica.
  • The library is in the school.
  • Thing(s):
  • The pens are on top of the desk.
  • The pencil is between the book and the notebook.
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