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A c i d s & B a s e s. A c i d - B a s e T h e o r i e s. A r r h e n i u s B r o n s t e d - L o w r y L e w i s. A r r h e n i u s A c i d.

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a c i d b a s e t h e o r i e s
A c i d - B a s e T h e o r i e s
  • A r r h e n i u s
  • B r o n s t e d - L o w r y
  • L e w i s
a r r h e n i u s a c i d
A r r h e n i u s A c i d

A n y s u b s t a n c e t h a t p r o d u c e s h y d r o g e n i o n s ( H +) i n w a t e r s o l u t i o n .

a r r h e n i u s b a s e
A r r h e n i u sB a s e

A n y s u b s t a n c e t h a t p r o d u c e s h y d r o x i d e i o n s ( O H -) i n w a t e r s o l u t i o n .

b r o n s t e d l o w e r y a c i d
B r o n s t e d - L o w e r y A c i d

A p r o t o n d o n o r .

b r o n s t e d l o w e r y b a s e
B r o n s t e d - L o w e r y B a s e

A p r o t o n a c c e p t o r .

l e w i s a c i d
L e w i s A c i d

A n e l e c t r o n - p a i r

a c c e p t o r .

l e w i s b a s e
L e w i s B a s e

A n

e l e c t r o n - p a i r

d o n o r .

b r o n s t e d l o w e r y c o n j u g a t e b a s e
B r o n s t e d - L o w e r y C o n j u g a t e B a s e

T h e p a r t i c l e t h a t r e m a i n s a f t e r a n a c i d g i v e s u p a p r o t o n .

b r o n s t e d l o w e r y c o n j u g a t e a c i d
B r o n s t e d - L o w e r y C o n j u g a t e A c i d

T h e p a r t i c l e f o r m e d w h e n a b a s e a c c e p t s a p r o t o n .

slide11

HCl + H2O --> Cl - + H3O +

I d e n t i f y t h e a c i d

i n t h i s e q u a t i o n . . . .

W h a t d o n a t e s a

p r o t o n ?

slide12

HCl + H2O --> Cl - + H3O +

I d e n t i f y t h e b a s e i n t h e e q u a t i o n . . . W h a t a c c e p t s a p r o t o n ?

slide13

HCl + H2O --> Cl - + H3O +

I d e n t i f y t h e c o n j u g a t e b a s e i n t h e e q u a t i o n . . . W h a t i s l e f t w h e n t h e a c i d g i v e s u p t h e p r o t o n ?

slide14

HCl + H2O --> Cl - + H3O +

I d e n t i f y t h e c o n j u g a t e a c i d i n t h e e q u a t i o n . . . W h a t i s f o r m e d w h e n t h e b a s e t a k e s t h e p r o t o n ?

slide16

HCl + H2O --> Cl - + H3O +

  • A c i d s h a v e c o n j u g a t e b a s e s
slide17

HCl + H2O --> Cl - + H3O +

  • B a s e s h a v e

c o n j u g a t e a c i d s

n a m i n g b i n a r y a c i d s
N a m i n g B i n a r y A c i d s
  • D e t e r m i n e t h e s t e m w o r d .
  • A d d t h e p r e f i x H Y D R O .
  • C h a n g e t h e e n d i n g t o I C .
n a m i n g t e r n a r y a c i d s
N a m i n g T e r n a r y A c i d s

H C l O 4 P e r c h l o r i c

H C l O 3C h l o r i c

H C l O 2C h l o r o u s

H C l O H y p o c h l o r o u s

a n h y d r o u s w i t h o u t h 2 o
A n h y d r o u s - W i t h o u t H2O
  • A c i d A n h y d r i d e - a n o x i d e t h a t p r o d u c e s a n a c i d i n w a t e r .
  • B a s i c A n h y d r i d e - a n o x i d e t h a t p r o d u c e s a b a s e i n w a t e r .
i o n c o n c e n t r a t i o n
I o n C o n c e n t r a t i o n
  • E x p l a i n t h e d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n s t r o n g a n d w e a k .
  • T h e p Hs c a l e .