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Clause analysis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Clause analysis

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  1. Clause analysis

  2. VP Subject Predicate Head Complement Adjunct Subject Head Complement Head Complement CP (= S´) NP XP C´ C IP (= S) NP I´ I (= Aux) John -ed VP PP NP V´ P NP t V A at Det N be angry the office [1a] John was angry at the office = At the office John was angry

  3. Subject Predicate Head Complement Subject Head Complement Head Complement CP (= S´) NP C´ C IP (=S) NP I´ John I (= Aux) VP -ed NP V´ t V AP be A PP P NP angry at Det N the office [1b] John was angry at the office = John was fed up with the office

  4. Predicate Subject Head Complement Adjunct Adjunct Subject Predicate CP (=S´) XP C´ C IP (=S) NP NP I´ John I (=Aux) VP -ed VP PP VP AP P NP NP V´ at Det N V t the office arrive angry [2] John arrived angry at the office = John was angry when he arrived at the office Cf. Angry, John arrived at the office At the office, John arrived angry John arrived at the office, angry

  5. IP (= S) Subject Predicate I´ XP C´ I (= Aux) VP Subject C IP (= S) NP V´ [PRES] Complement Subject Predicate V A For NP I´ be terrible Head Complement t VP John I (= Aux) Adjunct VP PP to Adjunct VP AP P NP Subject NP V´ at Det N V t arrive angry the office CP (= S´) [3] For John to arrive angry at the office is terrible (cf. s. 242 (14)) Cf. For John to arrive at the office angry is terrible It is terrible for John to arrive angry at the office (next slide)

  6. CP (= S´) XP C´ C IP (= S) Subject Predicate for NP I´ Head Complement VP John I (= Aux) Adjunct VP PP to Adjunct VP AP P NP Subject NP V´ at Det N V t arrive angry the office IP (= S) Subject Predicate NP I´ It I (= Aux) VP Subject NP V´ [PRES] Complement V A t be terrible It is terrible for John to arrive angry at the office [Extraposition of subject; cf. s. 242 (15)]

  7. IP (=S) Subject Predicate CP (=S´) I´ XP C´ I VP C IP [PRES] NP V´ Subject Complement Ø NP I´ t V A Ø I VP be terrible Adjunct To VP PP VP AP P NP Subject NP V´ at Det N V the office Ø arrive angry Adjunct [4] To arrive angry at the office is terrible (cf. s. 238 (3))

  8. IP (=S) Predicate Subject I´ I VP Adjunct will VP PP Subject CP (=S´) NP V´ [to the Iraqi people] Subject Complement XP C´ t V NP C IP be [a blessing] Subject Ø NP I´ Ø I VP -ing NP V´ Ø V NP Saddam remove [5] Removing Saddam will be a blessing to the Iraqui people

  9. IP (Subject) IP I´ Head Subject Predicate NP I´ I VP Head Subject I VP to NP V´ Adjunct Head Object will VP PP Ø V NP Subject NP V´ remove Saddam Head Complement [to the Iraqi people] t V NP be [a blessing] It [6] It will be a blessing to the Iraqui people to remove Saddam cf. To the Iraqi people it will be a blessing to remove Saddam *It will be a blessing to remove Saddam to the Iraqi people